By UCSF.edu | December 17, 2013
Some of the top scientific minds converged at UC San Francisco last week as part of a two-day celebration of the 2014 Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences.
MD Anderson Cancer Center
For the discovery of T cell checkpoint blockade as effective cancer therapy.
For defining the interlocking circuits in the brain that malfunction in Parkinson's disease. This scientific foundation underlies the circuit-based treatment of Parkinson's disease by deep brain stimulation.
University of Basel
For the discovery of Target of Rapamycin (TOR) and its role in cell growth control.
David H. Koch Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
For discoveries leading to the development of controlled drug-release systems and new biomaterials.
Yale University; Howard Hughes Medical Institute
For the discovery of genes and biochemical mechanisms that cause hypertension.
California Institute of Technology
For discovering critical molecular determinants and biological functions of intracellular protein degradation.
Living up to its nickname, the “Oscars of Science,” the celebration kicked off with a Dec. 12 gala at Moffett Field in Mountain View, Calif., that was hosted by actor Kevin Spacey and attended by other Hollywood celebrities and magnates of Silicon Valley.
But the party’s real stars were the six scientists who took home the prizes: James Allison, PhD, of MD Anderson Cancer Center; Mahlon DeLong, MD, of Emory University; Michael Hall, PhD, of the University of Basel, in Switzerland; Robert Langer, ScD, of MIT; Richard Lifton, MD, PhD, of Yale School of Medicine; and Alex Varshavsky, PhD, of CalTech.
The winners, who each receive $3 million awards, joined past winners the next day for a sold-out scientific symposium at UCSF’s Mission Bay campus to highlight the groundbreaking research that earned them the prizes. The daylong event also included three of UCSF’s Nobel laureates: moderators Elizabeth Blackburn, PhD, and Stanley Prusiner, MD, as well as Shinya Yamanaka, MD, PhD, a 2013 Breakthrough Prize winner who presented at the symposium.
Though the talks by the all-star scientific roster were wide-ranging, cancer was the touchstone.
“Cancer was a mystery” when he began his career in cancer genetics in the mid-1970s, said lead-off speaker Bert Vogelstein, MD of Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. But a sense of progress and hope was palpable in the hall as speakers recounted the successes of – and lessons learned from – the first generation of rationally designed, targeted cancer drugs.
The Breakthrough Prizes were founded by Art Levinson, PhD, CEO of Calico and chairman of Apple Inc. and Genentech Inc.; Sergey Brin, founder of Google Inc.; Anne Wojcicki, founder of 23andMe.com; Mark Zuckerberg, founder of Facebook, and his wife Priscilla Chan, MD; and venture capitalist Yuri Milner to “recognize excellence in research aimed at curing intractable diseases and extending human life.” Jack Ma, founder of Alibaba Group, and his wife Cathy Zhang joined the founding sponsors this year to award a total of six, $3 million life sciences prizes each year going forward.
The aim of the Breakthrough Prizes, which also include separate awards for physics and mathematics, is to raise the profile of scientists whose hard work often doesn’t get mainstream attention.