University of California San Francisco
Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
Carolyn S. Calfee, MD

Carolyn S. Calfee, MD

Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, UCSF

Cancer Center Program Memberships

Tobacco Control

Research Summary

My research program focuses on clinical and translational approaches to studying the development of the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) in critically ill patients. I have two major areas of focus: (1) the prognostic and pathogenetic value of biomarkers of lung epithelial and endothelial injury in ARDS, including novel approaches to molecular phenotyping of ARDS; and (2) the epidemiology and mechanisms of association between active and passive cigarette smoke exposure and the development of ARDS. I also have a particular interest in the early identification of patients with or at high risk for ARDS, with several publications on clinical and biological approaches to early detection of ARDS.

Education

Yale University, BA, 1991-1995, English
University of Pennsylvania, MD, 1995-1999, Medicine
University of California, San Francisco Internship/Residency, 1999-2002, Internal Medicine
University of California, San Francisco Chief Residency, 2002-2003, Internal Medicine
University of California, San Francisco Fellowship, 2003-2007, Pulmonary/Critical Care
University of California, San Francisco Masters in Clinical Research (expected), 2007-2009, Clinical Research


Professional Experience

  • PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE
  • 1999-2002
    Internship and Residency, Internal Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
  • 2002-2003
    Chief Medical Resident, Internal Medicine, Moffitt-Long Hospital, UCSF
  • 2002-2003
    Clinical Instructor, Department of Medicine, UCSF
  • 2002-2003
    Attending Physician, Medical Service, Moffitt-Long Hospital, UCSF
  • 2003-2004
    Clinical Fellow, Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, UCSF
  • 2005-2006
    Advanced Training in Clinical Research Program, UCSF Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics
  • 2005-2007
    Research Fellow, Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, UCSF
  • 2007-2012
    Assistant Professor, Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, UCSF Dept of Medicine
  • 2012-present
    Associate Professor, Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, UCSF Depts of Medicine and Anesthesia
  • 2007-present
    Faculty, Center for Tobacco Control, Research, and Education, UCSF

Honors & Awards

  • 1994
    Phi Beta Kappa, Yale University
  • 1995
    Bachelor of Arts awarded magna cum laude, with Distinction in the Major
  • 1998
    Alpha Omega Alpha, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • 1999
    Julia M. Glasgow Award, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • 1999
    Spencer Morris Prize, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • 2000
    Intern of the Year, University of California, San Francisco, Department of Medicine
  • 2005
    Walter Travel Award, American Lung Association
  • 2012
    Associate Scientific Advisor, Science Translational Medicine
  • 2013
    American Society for Clinical Investigation Young Physician-Scientist Award
  • 2013
    Highlighted abstract, 2013 American Thoracic Society International Conference (sr. author)
  • 2013
    Finalist, UCSF Pathways to Discovery Mentor Award

Selected Publications

  1. Robles AJ, Kornblith LZ, Hendrickson CM, Howard BM, Conroy AS, Moazed F, Calfee CS, Cohen MJ, Callcut RA. Health Care Utilization and the Cost of Post-Traumatic ARDS Care. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2018 Apr 02.
    View on PubMed
  2. Gotts JE, Chun LF, Abbott J, Fang X, Takasaki N, Nishimura SL, Springer ML, Schick SF, Calfee CS, Matthay MA. Cigarette smoke exposure worsens acute lung injury in antibiotic-treated bacterial pneumonia in mice. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2018 Mar 15.
    View on PubMed
  3. Delucchi K, Famous KR, Ware LB, Parsons PE, Thompson BT, Calfee CS. Stability of ARDS subphenotypes over time in two randomised controlled trials. Thorax. 2018 Feb 24.
    View on PubMed
  4. Lefrançais E, Mallavia B, Zhuo H, Calfee CS, Looney MR. Maladaptive role of neutrophil extracellular traps in pathogen-induced lung injury. JCI Insight. 2018 Feb 08; 3(3).
    View on PubMed
  5. Moazed F, Hendrickson C, Nelson M, Conroy A, Cohen MJ, Calfee CS. Platelet aggregation after blunt trauma is associated with the acute respiratory distress syndrome and altered by cigarette smoke exposure. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2018 Feb; 84(2):365-371.
    View on PubMed
  6. Howard BM, Kornblith LZ, Redick BJ, Conroy AS, Nelson MF, Calfee CS, Callcut RA, Cohen MJ. Exposing the bidirectional effects of alcohol on coagulation in trauma: Impaired clot formation and decreased fibrinolysis in rotational thromboelastometry. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2018 Jan; 84(1):97-103.
    View on PubMed
  7. Chun LF, Moazed F, Calfee CS, Matthay MA, Gotts JE. Reply to "Letter to the Editor: Pulmonary toxicity of electronic cigarettes: more doubts than certainties". Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2017 Nov 01; 313(5):L966-L967.
    View on PubMed
  8. Howard BM, Kornblith LZ, Christie SA, Conroy AS, Nelson MF, Campion EM, Callcut RA, Calfee CS, Lamere BJ, Fadrosh DW, Lynch S, Cohen MJ. Characterizing the gut microbiome in trauma: significant changes in microbial diversity occur early after severe injury. Trauma Surg Acute Care Open. 2017; 2(1):e000108.
    View on PubMed
  9. Panzer AR, Lynch SV, Langelier C, Christie JD, McCauley K, Nelson M, Cheung CK, Benowitz NL, Cohen MJ, Calfee CS. Lung Microbiota is Related to Smoking Status and to Development of ARDS in Critically Ill Trauma Patients. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 Oct 16.
    View on PubMed
  10. Calfee CS, Delucchi K, Famous KR. Reply: Next Step to Understanding Subphenotypes of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 09 15; 196(6):796.
    View on PubMed
  11. Gotts JE, Abbott J, Fang X, Yanagisawa H, Takasaka N, Nishimura SL, Calfee CS, Matthay MA. Cigarette Smoke Exposure Worsens Endotoxin-Induced Lung Injury and Pulmonary Edema in Mice. Nicotine Tob Res. 2017 Sep 01; 19(9):1033-1039.
    View on PubMed
  12. Ware LB, Zhao Z, Koyama T, Brown RM, Semler MW, Janz DR, May AK, Fremont RD, Matthay MA, Cohen MJ, Calfee CS. Derivation and validation of a two-biomarker panel for diagnosis of ARDS in patients with severe traumatic injuries. Trauma Surg Acute Care Open. 2017; 2(1):e000121.
    View on PubMed
  13. Mehta S, Burns KEA, Machado FR, Fox-Robichaud AE, Cook DJ, Calfee CS, Ware LB, Burnham EL, Kissoon N, Marshall JC, Mancebo J, Finfer S, Hartog C, Reinhart K, Maitland K, Stapleton RD, Kwizera A, Amin P, Abroug F, Smith O, Laake JH, Shrestha GS, Herridge MS. Gender Parity in Critical Care Medicine. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 Aug 15; 196(4):425-429.
    View on PubMed
  14. Zhao Z, Wickersham N, Kangelaris KN, May AK, Bernard GR, Matthay MA, Calfee CS, Koyama T, Ware LB. External validation of a biomarker and clinical prediction model for hospital mortality in acute respiratory distress syndrome. Intensive Care Med. 2017 Aug; 43(8):1123-1131.
    View on PubMed
  15. Christie SA, Kornblith LZ, Howard BM, Conroy AS, Kunitake RC, Nelson MF, Hendrickson CM, Calfee CS, Callcut RA, Cohen MJ. Characterization of distinct coagulopathic phenotypes in injury: Pathway-specific drivers and implications for individualized treatment. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2017 Jun; 82(6):1055-1062.
    View on PubMed
  16. Meyer NJ, Calfee CS. Novel translational approaches to the search for precision therapies for acute respiratory distress syndrome. Lancet Respir Med. 2017 06; 5(6):512-523.
    View on PubMed
  17. Chun LF, Moazed F, Calfee CS, Matthay MA, Gotts JE. Pulmonary toxicity of e-cigarettes. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2017 Aug 01; 313(2):L193-L206.
    View on PubMed
  18. Zinter MS, Orwoll BE, Spicer AC, Alkhouli MF, Calfee CS, Matthay MA, Sapru A. Incorporating Inflammation into Mortality Risk in Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Crit Care Med. 2017 May; 45(5):858-866.
    View on PubMed
  19. Bos LD, Schouten LR, van Vught LA, Wiewel MA, Ong DSY, Cremer O, Artigas A, Martin-Loeches I, Hoogendijk AJ, van der Poll T, Horn J, Juffermans N, Calfee CS, Schultz MJ. Identification and validation of distinct biological phenotypes in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome by cluster analysis. Thorax. 2017 10; 72(10):876-883.
    View on PubMed
  20. Moazed F, Calfee CS. The Canary in the Coal Mine Is Coughing: Electronic Cigarettes and Respiratory Symptoms in Adolescents. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 04 15; 195(8):974-976.
    View on PubMed

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