Kathleen Giacomini, PhD

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Kathleen Giacomini, PhD

Professor and Co-Chair, Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences; Professor, Departments of Biopharmaceutical Sciences, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, and Cellular & Molecular Pharmacology, UCSF

kmg@itsa.ucsf.edu

Phone: (415) 476-1936 (voice)
Box 0446, UCSF
San Francisco, CA 94143-0446

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Cancer Center Membership

Program Member » Developmental Therapeutics» Cancer Genetics

Research Summary

I am a world-renowned pharmacologist with many years of research experience particularly focused on transporter biology and pharmacogenomics. My research is focused on influx transporters, especially influx transporters involved in drug disposition and targeting. In the early 2000s, we began a comprehensive research program focused on the pharmacogenomics of membrane transporters. We published many papers ranging from functional genomics of transporter polymorphisms to clinical studies elucidating the role of transporter polymorphisms on clinical drug response. Our NIH-funded center, the Pharmacogenomics of Membrane Transporters Center, part of the NIH Pharmacogenomics Research Network, is widely recognized as the leading research unit in the world for the discovery, functional characterization and clinical relevance of polymorphisms in drug transporters. We have been leaders in the field of human genetic studies focused on metformin with a particular emphasis on membrane transporters.

Most recently, I am a co-Director of a FDA grant to establish a Center with education, exchange, and collaborative research programs that will greatly advance the ability of the FDA to evaluate and approve safe and effective drugs. This is a collaborative program between Stanford and UCSF that will develop quantitative and computer-based methods for the evaluation of new drug products. Importantly, research will focus on issues of bioequivalence between generic drug products including metformin tablets.

Education

University of Houston, Houston, TX, B.S., 1973, Pharmacy
State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, Ph.D., 1979, Pharmaceutical Sciences
Stanford University, Stanford, CA, Postdoc, 1979-81, Pharmacology /Clinical Pharmacology


Professional Experience

  • 1981-87
    Assistant Professor of Pharmacy/ Pharmaceutical Chem. & Pharmacology
  • 1987-91
    Associate Professor of Pharmacy/ Pharmaceutical Chem. & Pharmacology
  • 1998-2009
    Chair of the Department of Biopharmaceutical Sciences
  • 1992-present
    Professor of Biopharmaceutical Sciences, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, and Cellular & Molecular Pharmacology, UCSF
  • 2009-present
    Co-chair, Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, UCSF

Honors & Awards

  • 1973
    Rho Chi, Honorary Pharmacy Fraternity
  • 1983-84
    Long Foundation Award for Excellence in Teaching, School of Pharmacy, UCSF
  • 1984-85
    UCSF Nominee, Recognition Award for Young Scholars, American Association of University Women
  • 1985-86
    Distinguished Teaching Award, UCSF, Academic Senate
  • 1990
    Leon Goldberg Young Investigator Award, American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
  • 1990-94
    Member of Pharmacological Science Review Committee; National Institutes of Health (GM)
  • 1990-94
    Member of Generic Drugs Advisory Committee; Food and Drug Administration
  • 1992
    Recipient, Fogarty International Fellowship; National Institutes of Health
  • 1993
    Elected Fellow, American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists
  • 1994
    UCSF, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Award for the Advancement of Women and Minorities
  • 1996-97
    Vice President, American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
  • 1996-97
    UCSF, Chancellor's Award for the Advancement of Women
  • 1999
    Recognition Award for Distinguished Achievement of Filipino at UCSF
  • 1999
    International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP), Pharmaceutical Scientist of the Year
  • 2001
    Elected Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • 2002
    Distinguished Bill Abram's Lectureship (FDA)
  • 2002
    First Distinguished Gerhard Levy Lectureship (SUNY Buffalo)
  • 2002
    Speaker: State Legislative Presentation 'The Impact of the Human Genome Pronect on Drug Development and Use: Tailoring Drugs to Individuals'
  • 2005
    Paul Dawson Biotechnology Award, American Association of College of Pharmacy
  • 2006
    Distinguished Scientist in Drug Metabolism, American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists
  • 2006
    Elected Member, Institute of Medicine
  • 2007
    International Pharmaceutical Sciences World Congress (PSWC) Research Achievement Award
  • 2007
    International Woman Scientist Award, Academy of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technology, Japan
  • 2008
    Japan Society for the Promotion of Sciences (JSPS) Invitation Fellowship Program for Research in Japan
  • 2009
    Rawls-Palmer Progress in Medicine Award, American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (ASCPT)
  • 2009
    UCSF Postdoctoral Scholars Association Outstanding Mentor Award
  • 2010
    American College of Clinical Pharmacy Therapeutic Frontiers Lecture Award
  • 2011
    Scheele Award, Swedish Academy of Pharmaceutical Sciences

Selected Publications

  1. Chhibber A, French CE, Yee SW, Gamazon ER, Theusch E, Qin X, Webb A, Papp AC, Wang A, Simmons CQ, Konkashbaev A, Chaudhry AS, Mitchel K, Stryke D, Ferrin TE, Weiss ST, Kroetz DL, Sadee W, Nickerson DA, Krauss RM, George AL, Schuetz EG, Medina MW, Cox NJ, Scherer SE, Giacomini KM, Brenner SE. Transcriptomic variation of pharmacogenes in multiple human tissues and lymphoblastoid cell lines. Pharmacogenomics J. 2016 Feb 9.
    View on PubMed
  2. Chien HC, Zur AA, Maurer TS, Yee SW, Tolsma J, Jasper P, Scott DO, Giacomini KM. Rapid Method To Determine Intracellular Drug Concentrations in Cellular Uptake Assays: Application to Metformin in Organic Cation Transporter 1-Transfected Human Embryonic Kidney 293 Cells. Drug Metab Dispos. 2016 Mar; 44(3):356-64.
    View on PubMed
  3. Altman RB, Khuri N, Salit M, Giacomini KM. Unmet needs: Research helps regulators do their jobs. Sci Transl Med. 2015 Nov 25; 7(315):315ps22.
    View on PubMed
  4. Hibma JE, Zur AA, Castro RA, Wittwer MB, Keizer RJ, Yee SW, Goswami S, Stocker SL, Zhang X, Huang Y, Brett CM, Savic RM, Giacomini KM. The Effect of Famotidine, a MATE1-Selective Inhibitor, on the Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Metformin. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2015 Nov 23.
    View on PubMed
  5. Liang X, Chien HC, Yee SW, Giacomini MM, Chen EC, Piao M, Hao J, Twelves J, Lepist EI, Ray AS, Giacomini KM. Metformin Is a Substrate and Inhibitor of the Human Thiamine Transporter, THTR-2 (SLC19A3). Mol Pharm. 2015 Dec 7; 12(12):4301-10.
    View on PubMed
  6. Morrissey KM, Stocker SL, Chen EC, Castro RA, Brett CM, Giacomini KM. The Effect of Nizatidine, a MATE2K Selective Inhibitor, on the Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Metformin in Healthy Volunteers. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2015 Oct 27.
    View on PubMed
  7. Temple W, Mendelsohn L, Kim GE, Nekritz E, Gustafson WC, Lin L, Giacomini K, Naranjo A, Van Ryn C, Yanik GA, Kreissman SG, Hogarty M, Matthay KK, DuBois SG. Vesicular monoamine transporter protein expression correlates with clinical features, tumor biology, and MIBG avidity in neuroblastoma: a report from the Children's Oncology Group. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2015 Sep 4.
    View on PubMed
  8. Yee SW, Lin L, Merski M, Keiser MJ, Gupta A, Zhang Y, Chien HC, Shoichet BK, Giacomini KM. Prediction and validation of enzyme and transporter off-targets for metformin. J Pharmacokinet Pharmacodyn. 2015 Oct; 42(5):463-75.
    View on PubMed
  9. Lin L, Yee SW, Kim RB, Giacomini KM. SLC transporters as therapeutic targets: emerging opportunities. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2015 Aug; 14(8):543-60.
    View on PubMed
  10. Chen EC, Liang X, Yee SW, Geier EG, Stocker SL, Chen L, Giacomini KM. Targeted disruption of organic cation transporter 3 attenuates the pharmacologic response to metformin. Mol Pharmacol. 2015 Jul; 88(1):75-83.
    View on PubMed
  11. Wen CC, Yee SW, Liang X, Hoffmann TJ, Kvale MN, Banda Y, Jorgenson E, Schaefer C, Risch N, Giacomini KM. Genome-wide association study identifies ABCG2 (BCRP) as an allopurinol transporter and a determinant of drug response. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2015 May; 97(5):518-25.
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  12. DuBois SG, Groshen S, Park JR, Haas-Kogan DA, Yang X, Geier E, Chen E, Giacomini K, Weiss B, Cohn SL, Granger MM, Yanik GA, Hawkins R, Courtier J, Jackson H, Goodarzian F, Shimada H, Czarnecki S, Tsao-Wei D, Villablanca JG, Marachelian A, Matthay KK. Phase I Study of Vorinostat as a Radiation Sensitizer with 131I-Metaiodobenzylguanidine (131I-MIBG) for Patients with Relapsed or Refractory Neuroblastoma. Clin Cancer Res. 2015 Jun 15; 21(12):2715-21.
    View on PubMed
  13. Dahlin A, Wittwer M, de la Cruz M, Woo JM, Bam R, Scharen-Guivel V, Flaherty J, Ray AS, Cihlar T, Gupta SK, Giacomini KM. A pharmacogenetic candidate gene study of tenofovir-associated Fanconi syndrome. Pharmacogenet Genomics. 2015 Feb; 25(2):82-92.
    View on PubMed
  14. Chen L, Yee SW, Giacomini KM. OCT1 in hepatic steatosis and thiamine disposition. Cell Cycle. 2015 Feb; 14(3):283-4.
    View on PubMed
  15. Smith RP, Eckalbar WL, Morrissey KM, Luizon MR, Hoffmann TJ, Sun X, Jones SL, Force Aldred S, Ramamoorthy A, Desta Z, Liu Y, Skaar TC, Trinklein ND, Giacomini KM, Ahituv N. Genome-wide discovery of drug-dependent human liver regulatory elements. PLoS Genet. 2014 Oct; 10(10):e1004648.
    View on PubMed
  16. Pawlyk AC, Giacomini KM, McKeon C, Shuldiner AR, Florez JC. Metformin pharmacogenomics: current status and future directions. Diabetes. 2014 Aug; 63(8):2590-9.
    View on PubMed
  17. Chen L, Shu Y, Liang X, Chen EC, Yee SW, Zur AA, Li S, Xu L, Keshari KR, Lin MJ, Chien HC, Zhang Y, Morrissey KM, Liu J, Ostrem J, Younger NS, Kurhanewicz J, Shokat KM, Ashrafi K, Giacomini KM. OCT1 is a high-capacity thiamine transporter that regulates hepatic steatosis and is a target of metformin. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Jul 8; 111(27):9983-8.
    View on PubMed
  18. Goswami S, Gong L, Giacomini K, Altman RB, Klein TE. PharmGKB summary: very important pharmacogene information for SLC22A1. Pharmacogenet Genomics. 2014 Jun; 24(6):324-8.
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  19. Goswami S, Yee SW, Stocker S, Mosley JD, Kubo M, Castro R, Mefford JA, Wen C, Liang X, Witte J, Brett C, Maeda S, Simpson MD, Hedderson MM, Davis RL, Roden DM, Giacomini KM, Savic RM. Genetic variants in transcription factors are associated with the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of metformin. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2014 Sep; 96(3):370-9.
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  20. Clancy JP, Johnson SG, Yee SW, McDonagh EM, Caudle KE, Klein TE, Cannavo M, Giacomini KM. Clinical Pharmacogenetics Implementation Consortium (CPIC) guidelines for ivacaftor therapy in the context of CFTR genotype. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2014 Jun; 95(6):592-7.
    View on PubMed

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