University of California San Francisco
Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
John Kurhanewicz, PhD

John Kurhanewicz, PhD

Professor, Departments of Radiology, Bioengineering, and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, UCSF

Cancer Center Program Memberships

Prostate Cancer

Research Summary

John Kurhanewicz, PhD is a Professor in Residence in the Departments of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, Urology and Pharmaceutical Chemistry at University of California, San Francisco, and a member of the California Institute for Quantitative Biology and UCSF Cancer Center, and faculty in the UCSF-UCB Bioengineering Graduate Group. He is the Director of the UCSF Body Research Interest Group, the Biomedical NMR lab, and the Kurhanewicz Laboratory at UCSF. Dr. Kurhanewicz received his BS in Chemistry from the University of South Florida/New College in 1982, and obtained his PhD in Physical Organic Chemistry from the University of South Florida, Tampa in 1987, followed by a postdoctoral fellowship in MRI/MRS from the University of California, San Francisco in 1990.

Dr. Kurhanewicz and his colleagues have developed a large prostate cancer imaging program at UCSF, involving the application of advanced magnetic resonance imaging techniques (metabolic, diffusion and perfusion weighted MRI) to provide a more accurate assessment of the extent and aggressiveness of prostate cancer in individual patients. This multiparametric 1H MRI prostate cancer staging exam is currently being used to help over a 1,000 men diagnosed with prostate cancer a year at UCSF to decide on their best therapeutic course. He is also currently involved in the development and clinical translation of an extraordinary new molecular imaging technique utilizing hyperpolarized 13C labeled metabolic substrates that has the potential to revolutionize the way MR imaging is used in the risk assessment of prostate cancer patients. He led the first clinical trial of this technology at UCSF and is involved in three ongoing clinical trials investigating its clinical utility.

Dr. Kurhanewicz has published over 230 peer-reviewed manuscripts and19 book chapters, and has been cited 16,089 times (citation indices: h-index of 69, i10-index - 180). He is a member of 7 scientific societies, serves on numerous scientific review panels for the National Institute of Health, Department of Defense and American Cancer Society and reviews for over 20 different journals. He has 25 years of mentoring in the areas of advanced MR cancer imaging and molecular imaging, and has mentored over 120 graduate and under-graduate students, medical fellows and junior faculty.

Education

New College, Sarasota, FL, B.S., 1976-1982, Chemistry
University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, Ph.D., 1982-1987, Chemistry
University of California San Francisco, CA, Post-Doc., 1987-1990, In vivo Spectroscopy


Professional Experience

  • 1993-2000
    Assistant Professor of Radiology, Bioengineering and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California, San Francisco
  • 2000-2006
    Associate Professor of Radiology, Bioengineering and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, UCSF
  • 2006-present
    Professor of Radiology, Bioengineering and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, UCSF

Honors & Awards

  • Phi Beta Kappa (scholastic honorary)
  • Outstanding Chemistry Alumnus, University of South Florida

Selected Publications

  1. Qin H, Carroll VN, Sriram R, Villanueva-Meyer JE, von Morze C, Wang ZJ, Mutch CA, Keshari KR, Flavell RR, Kurhanewicz J, Wilson DM. Imaging glutathione depletion in the rat brain using ascorbate-derived hyperpolarized MR and PET probes. Sci Rep. 2018 May 21; 8(1):7928.
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  2. Taglang C, Korenchan DE, von Morze C, Yu J, Najac C, Wang S, Blecha JE, Subramaniam S, Bok R, VanBrocklin HF, Vigneron DB, Ronen SM, Sriram R, Kurhanewicz J, Wilson DM, Flavell RR. Late-stage deuteration of 13C-enriched substrates for T1 prolongation in hyperpolarized 13C MRI. Chem Commun (Camb). 2018 May 17; 54(41):5233-5236.
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  3. Truillet C, Parker MFL, Huynh LT, Wei J, Jami KM, Wang YH, Shen YS, Sriram R, Wilson DM, Kurhanewicz J, Evans MJ. Measuring glucocorticoid receptor expression in vivo with PET. Oncotarget. 2018 Apr 17; 9(29):20399-20408.
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  4. Chen HY, Larson PEZ, Gordon JW, Bok RA, Ferrone M, van Criekinge M, Carvajal L, Cao P, Pauly JM, Kerr AB, Park I, Slater JB, Nelson SJ, Munster PN, Aggarwal R, Kurhanewicz J, Vigneron DB. Technique development of 3D dynamic CS-EPSI for hyperpolarized 13 C pyruvate MR molecular imaging of human prostate cancer. Magn Reson Med. 2018 Mar 25.
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  5. von Morze C, Reed GD, Larson PE, Mammoli D, Chen AP, Tropp J, Van Criekinge M, Ohliger MA, Kurhanewicz J, Vigneron DB, Merritt ME. In vivo hyperpolarization transfer in a clinical MRI scanner. Magn Reson Med. 2018 Feb 27.
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  6. Sriram R, Sun J, Villanueva-Meyer J, Mutch C, De Los Santos J, Peters J, Korenchan DE, Neumann K, Van Criekinge M, Kurhanewicz J, Rosenberg O, Wilson D, Ohliger MA. Detection of Bacteria-Specific Metabolism Using Hyperpolarized [2-13C]Pyruvate. ACS Infect Dis. 2018 Feb 13.
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  7. Morze CV, Allu PKR, Chang GY, Marco-Rius I, Milshteyn E, Wang ZJ, Ohliger MA, Gleason CE, Kurhanewicz J, Vigneron DB, Pearce D. Non-invasive detection of divergent metabolic signals in insulin deficiency vs. insulin resistance in vivo. Sci Rep. 2018 Feb 01; 8(1):2088.
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  8. Park I, Larson PEZ, Gordon JW, Carvajal L, Chen HY, Bok R, Van Criekinge M, Ferrone M, Slater JB, Xu D, Kurhanewicz J, Vigneron DB, Chang S, Nelson SJ. Development of methods and feasibility of using hyperpolarized carbon-13 imaging data for evaluating brain metabolism in patient studies. Magn Reson Med. 2018 Jan 10.
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  9. von Morze C, Ohliger MA, Marco-Rius I, Wilson DM, Flavell RR, Pearce D, Vigneron DB, Kurhanewicz J, Wang ZJ. Direct assessment of renal mitochondrial redox state using hyperpolarized 13 C-acetoacetate. Magn Reson Med. 2018 Apr; 79(4):1862-1869.
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  10. von Morze C, Tropp J, Chen AP, Marco-Rius I, Van Criekinge M, Skloss TW, Mammoli D, Kurhanewicz J, Vigneron DB, Ohliger MA, Merritt ME. Sensitivity enhancement for detection of hyperpolarized 13 C MRI probes with 1 H spin coupling introduced by enzymatic transformation in vivo. Magn Reson Med. 2018 Jul; 80(1):36-41.
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  11. Starobinets O, Simko JP, Kuchinsky K, Kornak J, Carroll PR, Greene KL, Kurhanewicz J, Noworolski SM. Characterization and stratification of prostate lesions based on comprehensive multiparametric MRI using detailed whole-mount histopathology as a reference standard. NMR Biomed. 2017 Dec; 30(12).
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  12. Leapman MS, Wang ZJ, Behr SC, Kurhanewicz J, Zagoria RJ, Carroll PR, Westphalen AC. Impact of the integration of proton magnetic resonance imaging spectroscopy to PI-RADS 2 for prediction of high grade and high stage prostate cancer. Radiol Bras. 2017 Sep-Oct; 50(5):299-307.
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  13. Li X, Shet K, Xu K, Rodríguez JP, Pino AM, Kurhanewicz J, Schwartz A, Rosen CJ. Unsaturation level decreased in bone marrow fat of postmenopausal women with low bone density using high resolution magic angle spinning (HRMAS) 1H NMR spectroscopy. Bone. 2017 Dec; 105:87-92.
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  14. Aggarwal R, Vigneron DB, Kurhanewicz J. Hyperpolarized 1-[13C]-Pyruvate Magnetic Resonance Imaging Detects an Early Metabolic Response to Androgen Ablation Therapy in Prostate Cancer. Eur Urol. 2017 Dec; 72(6):1028-1029.
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  15. Shin PJ, Zhu Z, Camarda R, Bok RA, Zhou AY, Kurhanewicz J, Goga A, Vigneron DB. Cancer recurrence monitoring using hyperpolarized [1-13C]pyruvate metabolic imaging in murine breast cancer model. Magn Reson Imaging. 2017 Nov; 43:105-109.
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  16. Baligand C, Qin H, True-Yasaki A, Gordon JW, von Morze C, Santos JD, Wilson DM, Raffai R, Cowley PM, Baker AJ, Kurhanewicz J, Lovett DH, Wang ZJ. Hyperpolarized 13 C magnetic resonance evaluation of renal ischemia reperfusion injury in a murine model. NMR Biomed. 2017 Oct; 30(10).
    View on PubMed
  17. Korenchan DE, Taglang C, von Morze C, Blecha JE, Gordon JW, Sriram R, Larson PEZ, Vigneron DB, VanBrocklin HF, Kurhanewicz J, Wilson DM, Flavell RR. Dicarboxylic acids as pH sensors for hyperpolarized 13C magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging. Analyst. 2017 May 02; 142(9):1429-1433.
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  18. Chen HY, Larson PEZ, Bok RA, von Morze C, Sriram R, Delos Santos R, Delos Santos J, Gordon JW, Bahrami N, Ferrone M, Kurhanewicz J, Vigneron DB. Assessing Prostate Cancer Aggressiveness with Hyperpolarized Dual-Agent 3D Dynamic Imaging of Metabolism and Perfusion. Cancer Res. 2017 06 15; 77(12):3207-3216.
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  19. Jalbert LE, Elkhaled A, Phillips JJ, Neill E, Williams A, Crane JC, Olson MP, Molinaro AM, Berger MS, Kurhanewicz J, Ronen SM, Chang SM, Nelson SJ. Metabolic Profiling of IDH Mutation and Malignant Progression in Infiltrating Glioma. Sci Rep. 2017 Mar 22; 7:44792.
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  20. Starobinets O, Kurhanewicz J, Noworolski SM. Improved multiparametric MRI discrimination between low-risk prostate cancer and benign tissues in a small cohort of 5a-reductase inhibitor treated individuals as compared with an untreated cohort. NMR Biomed. 2017 May; 30(5).
    View on PubMed

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