Wendy Max, MD

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Wendy Max, MD

Professor, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, and Co-Director, Institute for Health and Aging, UCSF

wendy.max@ucsf.edu

Phone: (415) 476-8023 (voice)
Box 0646, UCSF
San Francisco, CA 94143-0646

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Cancer Center Membership

Program Member » Tobacco Control

Research Summary

I am nationally and internationally recognized as an expert on the economics of tobacco and have been conducting studies related to costs of smoking and secondhand smoke exposure for over 25 years. My research team was one of the first groups to develop econometric models of smoking-attributable costs, and these models represent the state-of-the-art today. We have refined and improved these models and have used them to study lifetime smoking-attributable costs, smoking-attributable costs to Medicaid and Medicare, costs to each of the states and to each of California's counties, costs to Hispanics and Blacks, and the impact of tobacco control expenditures on healthcare expenditures in California. I am involved in ongoing research studying the economic cost of secondhand smoke exposure in California, the US, and China. I am also currently working on the development of economic cost models for other tobacco products. I served as an expert witness for 12 states in litigation that the Attorneys General brought against the tobacco industry to recover Medicaid costs. I was also an expert witness for similar litigation on behalf of Blue Cross Blue Shield. I regularly present my research on the economics of tobacco at national and international conferences and at tobacco control forums, and I have testified before the California legislature. I have also conducted research related to economic effects of tobacco use on health and healthcare costs in India and China. I have mentored a number of postdoctoral fellows, including Dr. John, who studied the cost of smoking in India, Dr. Yao, who has worked with me on the economic impact of secondhand smoke in rural China and tobacco purchasing behavior in China, Dr. Lindsay who worked with me on secondhand exposure of smokers, and Dr. Chambers, who is working with me on the economic impact of tobacco policies within the context of healthcare utilization among vulnerable populations with chronic disease. I have co-authored papers with all of my fellows.

Education

Stanford University, Stanford, CA, B.A., 1976, History, Economics
University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, M.S., 1981, Economics
University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, Ph.D., 1983, Economics


Professional Experience

  • 1979-1980
    Health Policy Analyst, Colorado Department of Health, Denver, CO
  • 1980-81
    Research Associate, Solar Energy Research Institute, Golden, CO
  • 1982-83
    Teaching Assistant, Univ. of CO, Boulder, CO
  • 1983-91
    Assistant Professor, CA State University, Hayward
  • 1991-94
    Assistant Adjunct Professor, Institute for Health & Aging, UCSF
  • 1994-99
    Associate Adjunct Professor, Institute for Health & Aging, UCSF
  • 1999-present
    Co-Director, Institute for Health & Aging, UCSF
  • 1999-present
    Professor, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, UCSF

Selected Publications

  1. Yao T, Sung HY, Wang Y, Lightwood J, Max W. Sociodemographic Differences Among U.S. Children and Adults Exposed to Secondhand Smoke at Home: National Health Interview Surveys 2000 and 2010. Public Health Rep. 2016 Mar-Apr; 131(2):357-66.
    View on PubMed
  2. van Kempen BJ, Ferket BS, Steyerberg EW, Max W, Myriam Hunink MG, Fleischmann KE. Comparing the cost-effectiveness of four novel risk markers for screening asymptomatic individuals to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the US population. Int J Cardiol. 2016 Jan 15; 203:422-31.
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  3. Johnson JK, Nápoles AM, Stewart AL, Max WB, Santoyo-Olsson J, Freyre R, Allison TA, Gregorich SE. Study protocol for a cluster randomized trial of the Community of Voices choir intervention to promote the health and well-being of diverse older adults. BMC Public Health. 2015; 15(1):1049.
    View on PubMed
  4. Max W, Sung HY, Shi Y, Stark B. The Cost of Smoking in California. Nicotine Tob Res. 2016 May; 18(5):1222-9.
    View on PubMed
  5. Sung HY, Wang Y, Yao T, Lightwood J, Max W. Polytobacco Use of Cigarettes, Cigars, Chewing Tobacco, and Snuff among US Adults. Nicotine Tob Res. 2015 Jun 30.
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  6. Chambers C, Sung HY, Max W. Home Exposure to Secondhand Smoke among People Living in Multiunit Housing and Single Family Housing: a Study of California Adults, 2003-2012. J Urban Health. 2015 Apr; 92(2):279-90.
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  7. Berndt N, Bolman C, Lechner L, Max W, Mudde A, de Vries H, Evers S. Economic evaluation of a telephone- and face-to-face-delivered counseling intervention for smoking cessation in patients with coronary heart disease. Eur J Health Econ. 2016 Apr; 17(3):269-85.
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  8. Chaloupka FJ, Warner KE, Acemoglu D, Gruber J, Laux F, Max W, Newhouse J, Schelling T, Sindelar J. An evaluation of the FDA's analysis of the costs and benefits of the graphic warning label regulation. Tob Control. 2015 Mar; 24(2):112-9.
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  9. Lindsay RP, Tsoh JY, Sung HY, Max W. Secondhand smoke exposure and serum cotinine levels among current smokers in the USA. Tob Control. 2014 Nov 14.
    View on PubMed
  10. Yao T, Sung HY, Mao Z, Hu TW, Max W. The healthcare costs of secondhand smoke exposure in rural China. Tob Control. 2015 Oct; 24(e3):e221-6.
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  11. Max W, Sung HY, Shi Y. Childhood secondhand smoke exposure and ADHD-attributable costs to the health and education system. J Sch Health. 2014 Oct; 84(10):683-6.
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  12. Barnett PG, Hamlett-Berry K, Sung HY, Max W. Health care expenditures attributable to smoking in military veterans. Nicotine Tob Res. 2015 May; 17(5):586-91.
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  13. Yao T, Huang J, Sung HY, Ong MK, Mao Z, Jiang Y, Fong GT, Max W. Determinants of smoking-induced deprivation in China. Tob Control. 2014 May 14.
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  14. Ferket BS, van Kempen BJ, Hunink MG, Agarwal I, Kavousi M, Franco OH, Steyerberg EW, Max W, Fleischmann KE. Predictive value of updating Framingham risk scores with novel risk markers in the U.S. general population. PLoS One. 2014; 9(2):e88312.
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  15. Max W, Sung HY, Shi Y. The cost of secondhand smoke exposure at home in California. Tob Control. 2015 Mar; 24(2):205-10.
    View on PubMed
  16. Yao T, Huang J, Sung HY, Ong MK, Mao Z, Jiang Y, Fong GT, Max W. Who purchases cigarettes from cheaper sources in China? Findings from the ITC China Survey. Tob Control. 2014 Mar; 23 Suppl 1:i97-101.
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  17. Max W, Sung HY, Shi Y. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder among children exposed to secondhand smoke: a logistic regression analysis of secondary data. Int J Nurs Stud. 2013 Jun; 50(6):797-806.
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  18. Max W, Sung HY, Shi Y. Deaths from secondhand smoke exposure in the United States: economic implications. Am J Public Health. 2012 Nov; 102(11):2173-80.
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  19. Prochaska JJ, Sung HY, Max W, Shi Y, Ong M. Validity study of the K6 scale as a measure of moderate mental distress based on mental health treatment need and utilization. Int J Methods Psychiatr Res. 2012 Jun; 21(2):88-97.
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  20. Yao T, Sung HY, Mao Z, Hu TW, Max W. Secondhand smoke exposure at home in rural China. Cancer Causes Control. 2012 Mar; 23 Suppl 1:109-15.
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