Bjoern Schwer, MD, PhD

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Bjoern Schwer, MD, PhD

Assistant Professor, Department of Neurological Surgery, UCSF
Suzanne Marie Haderle and Robert Vincent Haderle Endowed Chair

Bjoern.Schwer@ucsf.edu

Phone: (415) 476-6786
Box 0520, UCSF
San Francisco, CA 94143

UCSF Profiles | Lab Website

Cancer Center Membership

Associate Member » Neurologic Oncology» Cancer Genetics

Research Summary

Collectively, the broad, long-term objective of my laboratory is to gain mechanistic insight into how interrelated processes, namely DNA repair, chromatin regulation, and transcriptional regulation, affect normal brain physiology and disorders. More specifically, we investigate mechanisms of chromosomal DNA double-strand break formation and repair in neural stem/progenitor cells and other neural cell types in the contexts of neurodevelopment, neural functioning, diversity, and disease. In the latter context, a major current focus is the elucidation of causes of genome instability and chromosomal rearrangements in neural progenitors that give rise to medulloblastoma and other brain cancers.

Education

University of Heidelberg, Germany, MD, 11/03 Medicine
University of Heidelberg, Germany, PhD, 07/05, Tumor Virology
Gladstone Institute of Virology and Immunology, UCSF, Postdoctoral Fellow, 01/07, Mitochondrial metabolism, Sirtuin biology
Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine & Division of Molecular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital and Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, Research Fellow, 06/10, DNA repair, Chromatin, Sirtuin biology


Professional Experience

  • 06/2010- 06/2014
    Instructor, Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School
  • 06/2014- 08/2016
    Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School
  • 08/2016- present
    Assistant Professor, Department of Neurological Surgery, UCSF

Honors & Awards

  • 2001
    Biomedical Exchange Program/DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service) Fellowship
  • 2005
    Doctoral thesis awarded "summa cum laude", University of Heidelberg
  • 2006
    Sandler Postdoctoral Research Fellowship Award in Basic Sciences, UCSF Sandler Program in Basic Sciences
  • 2008
    Ellison Medical Foundation/AFAR Senior Postdoctoral Fellowship Award
  • 2012
    NIH Career Development Award
  • 2013
    Martin D. Abeloff V Scholar Award, The V Foundation for Cancer Research
  • 2016
    UCSF Brain Tumor SPORE Career Development Program Award

Selected Publications

  1. Schwer B, Wei PC, Chang AN, Kao J, Du Z, Meyers RM, Alt FW. Transcription-associated processes cause DNA double-strand breaks and translocations in neural stem/progenitor cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Feb 23; 113(8):2258-63.
    View on PubMed
  2. Wei PC, Chang AN, Kao J, Du Z, Meyers RM, Alt FW, Schwer B. Long Neural Genes Harbor Recurrent DNA Break Clusters in Neural Stem/Progenitor Cells. Cell. 2016 Feb 11; 164(4):644-55.
    View on PubMed
  3. Gostissa M, Schwer B, Chang A, Dong J, Meyers RM, Marecki GT, Choi VW, Chiarle R, Zarrin AA, Alt FW. IgH class switching exploits a general property of two DNA breaks to be joined in cis over long chromosomal distances. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Feb 18; 111(7):2644-9.
    View on PubMed
  4. Khongkow M, Olmos Y, Gong C, Gomes AR, Monteiro LJ, Yagüe E, Cavaco TB, Khongkow P, Man EP, Laohasinnarong S, Koo CY, Harada-Shoji N, Tsang JW, Coombes RC, Schwer B, Khoo US, Lam EW. SIRT6 modulates paclitaxel and epirubicin resistance and survival in breast cancer. Carcinogenesis. 2013 Jul; 34(7):1476-86.
    View on PubMed
  5. Shi W, Bain AL, Schwer B, Al-Ejeh F, Smith C, Wong L, Chai H, Miranda MS, Ho U, Kawaguchi M, Miura Y, Finnie JW, Wall M, Heierhorst J, Wicking C, Spring KJ, Alt FW, Khanna KK. Essential developmental, genomic stability, and tumour suppressor functions of the mouse orthologue of hSSB1/NABP2. PLoS Genet. 2013; 9(2):e1003298.
    View on PubMed
  6. Alt FW, Zhang Y, Meng FL, Guo C, Schwer B. Mechanisms of programmed DNA lesions and genomic instability in the immune system. Cell. 2013 Jan 31; 152(3):417-29.
    View on PubMed
  7. Oksenych V, Kumar V, Liu X, Guo C, Schwer B, Zha S, Alt FW. Functional redundancy between the XLF and DNA-PKcs DNA repair factors in V(D)J recombination and nonhomologous DNA end joining. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Feb 5; 110(6):2234-9.
    View on PubMed
  8. Boboila C, Oksenych V, Gostissa M, Wang JH, Zha S, Zhang Y, Chai H, Lee CS, Jankovic M, Saez LM, Nussenzweig MC, McKinnon PJ, Alt FW, Schwer B. Robust chromosomal DNA repair via alternative end-joining in the absence of X-ray repair cross-complementing protein 1 (XRCC1). Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Feb 14; 109(7):2473-8.
    View on PubMed
  9. Oksenych V, Alt FW, Kumar V, Schwer B, Wesemann DR, Hansen E, Patel H, Su A, Guo C. Functional redundancy between repair factor XLF and damage response mediator 53BP1 in V(D)J recombination and DNA repair. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Feb 14; 109(7):2455-60.
    View on PubMed
  10. Boboila C, Alt FW, Schwer B. Classical and alternative end-joining pathways for repair of lymphocyte-specific and general DNA double-strand breaks. Adv Immunol. 2012; 116:1-49.
    View on PubMed
  11. Hirschey MD, Shimazu T, Huang JY, Schwer B, Verdin E. SIRT3 regulates mitochondrial protein acetylation and intermediary metabolism. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol. 2011; 76:267-77.
    View on PubMed
  12. Hirschey MD, Shimazu T, Jing E, Grueter CA, Collins AM, Aouizerat B, Stancáková A, Goetzman E, Lam MM, Schwer B, Stevens RD, Muehlbauer MJ, Kakar S, Bass NM, Kuusisto J, Laakso M, Alt FW, Newgard CB, Farese RV, Kahn CR, Verdin E. SIRT3 deficiency and mitochondrial protein hyperacetylation accelerate the development of the metabolic syndrome. Mol Cell. 2011 Oct 21; 44(2):177-90.
    View on PubMed
  13. Ise W, Kohyama M, Schraml BU, Zhang T, Schwer B, Basu U, Alt FW, Tang J, Oltz EM, Murphy TL, Murphy KM. The transcription factor BATF controls the global regulators of class-switch recombination in both B cells and T cells. Nat Immunol. 2011 Jun; 12(6):536-43.
    View on PubMed
  14. Shimazu T, Hirschey MD, Hua L, Dittenhafer-Reed KE, Schwer B, Lombard DB, Li Y, Bunkenborg J, Alt FW, Denu JM, Jacobson MP, Verdin E. SIRT3 deacetylates mitochondrial 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA synthase 2 and regulates ketone body production. Cell Metab. 2010 Dec 1; 12(6):654-61.
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  15. Schwer B, Schumacher B, Lombard DB, Xiao C, Kurtev MV, Gao J, Schneider JI, Chai H, Bronson RT, Tsai LH, Deng CX, Alt FW. Neural sirtuin 6 (Sirt6) ablation attenuates somatic growth and causes obesity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Dec 14; 107(50):21790-4.
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  16. Hirschey MD, Shimazu T, Goetzman E, Jing E, Schwer B, Lombard DB, Grueter CA, Harris C, Biddinger S, Ilkayeva OR, Stevens RD, Li Y, Saha AK, Ruderman NB, Bain JR, Newgard CB, Farese RV, Alt FW, Kahn CR, Verdin E. SIRT3 regulates mitochondrial fatty-acid oxidation by reversible enzyme deacetylation. Nature. 2010 Mar 4; 464(7285):121-5.
    View on PubMed
  17. Schwer B, Eckersdorff M, Li Y, Silva JC, Fermin D, Kurtev MV, Giallourakis C, Comb MJ, Alt FW, Lombard DB. Calorie restriction alters mitochondrial protein acetylation. Aging Cell. 2009 Sep; 8(5):604-6.
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  18. Basu U, Franklin A, Schwer B, Cheng HL, Chaudhuri J, Alt FW. Regulation of activation-induced cytidine deaminase DNA deamination activity in B-cells by Ser38 phosphorylation. Biochem Soc Trans. 2009 Jun; 37(Pt 3):561-8.
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  19. Cheng HL, Vuong BQ, Basu U, Franklin A, Schwer B, Astarita J, Phan RT, Datta A, Manis J, Alt FW, Chaudhuri J. Integrity of the AID serine-38 phosphorylation site is critical for class switch recombination and somatic hypermutation in mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Feb 24; 106(8):2717-22.
    View on PubMed
  20. Schwer B, Verdin E. Conserved metabolic regulatory functions of sirtuins. Cell Metab. 2008 Feb; 7(2):104-12.
    View on PubMed

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