Research Summary

Carolyn S. Calfee, MD MAS is Professor of Medicine and Anesthesia at the University of California, San Francisco, where she attends in the intensive care units. Her primary academic focus is the pathogenesis and treatment of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Current research projects include: (1) molecular subphenotypes of ARDS and precision medicine in critical care; (2) the role of environmental exposures including smoking, air pollution, and novel tobacco products in susceptibility to lung injury; and (3) novel treatments for ARDS. During the COVID-19 pandemic, she has been the UCSF clinical lead and steering committee member for the NIAID-funded Immunophenotyping Assessment in a COVID-19 Cohort (IMPACC) study and she is one of the lead PI’s for the ISPY COVID clinical trial, a Phase 2 platform clinical trial of novel treatments for COVID-19 associated ARDS.

Research Funding

  • January 16, 2018 - December 31, 2024 - Precision Medicine in the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Principal Investigator. Sponsor: NIH/NHLBI, Sponsor Award ID: R35HL140026
  • July 15, 2016 - June 30, 2021 - ARDS Endotypes: Expanded Analysis of Clinical and Biological Phenotypes and Evolution Over Time, Principal Investigator. Sponsor: NIH/NHLBI, Sponsor Award ID: K24HL133390
  • March 15, 2016 - February 28, 2020 - Molecular Endotypes of ARDS: Identification, Biology, and Differential Response to Therapy, Principal Investigator. Sponsor: NIH/NHLBI, Sponsor Award ID: R01HL131621
  • September 19, 2013 - August 31, 2018 - Improved Models to Inform Tobacco Product Regulation, Co-Investigator. Sponsor: NIH/NCI, Sponsor Award ID: P50CA180890

Education

Yale University, BA, 1991-1995, English
University of Pennsylvania, MD, 1995-1999, Medicine
University of California, San Francisco Internship/Residency, 1999-2002, Internal Medicine
University of California, San Francisco Chief Residency, 2002-2003, Internal Medicine
University of California, San Francisco Fellowship, 2003-2007, Pulmonary/Critical Care
University of California, San Francisco Masters in Clinical Research (expected), 2007-2009, Clinical Research

Honors & Awards

  • 1994
    Phi Beta Kappa, Yale University
  • 1995
    Bachelor of Arts awarded magna cum laude, with Distinction in the Major
  • 1998
    Alpha Omega Alpha, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • 1999
    Julia M. Glasgow Award, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • 1999
    Spencer Morris Prize, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • 2000
    Intern of the Year, University of California, San Francisco, Department of Medicine
  • 2005
    Walter Travel Award, American Lung Association
  • 2012
    Associate Scientific Advisor, Science Translational Medicine
  • 2013
    American Society for Clinical Investigation Young Physician-Scientist Award
  • 2013
    Highlighted abstract, 2013 American Thoracic Society International Conference (sr. author)
  • 2013
    Finalist, UCSF Pathways to Discovery Mentor Award

Selected Publications

  1. Kangelaris KN, Clemens R, Fang X, Jauregui A, Liu T, Vessel K, Deiss T, Sinha P, Leligdowicz A, Liu KD, Zhuo H, Alder MN, Wong HR, Calfee CS, Lowell CA, Matthay MA A Neutrophil Subset Defined by Intracellular Olfactomedin 4 is Associated with Mortality in Sepsis.  View on PubMed
  2. Silva JD, Su Y, Calfee CS, Delucchi KL, Weiss D, McAuley DF, O'Kane C, Krasnodembskaya AD MSC extracellular vesicles rescue mitochondrial dysfunction and improve barrier integrity in clinically relevant models of ARDS.  View on PubMed
  3. Goligher EC, Zampieri F, Calfee CS, Seymour CW A manifesto for the future of ICU trials.  View on PubMed
  4. Matsumoto S, Fang X, Traber MG, Jones KD, Langelier C, Hayakawa Serpa P, Calfee CS, Matthay MA, Gotts JE Dose-Dependent Pulmonary Toxicity of Aerosolized Vitamin E Acetate.  View on PubMed
  5. Liu T, Deiss TJ, Lippi MW, Jauregui A, Vessel K, Ke S, Belzer A, Zhuo H, Kangelaris KN, Gomez AD, Matthay MA, Liu KD, Calfee CS Alternative Tobacco Product Use in Critically Ill Patients.  View on PubMed
  6. Benowitz NL, St Helen G, Nardone N, Addo N, Zhang JJ, Harvanko AM, Calfee CS, Jacob P Twenty-Four-Hour Cardiovascular Effects of Electronic Cigarettes Compared With Cigarette Smoking in Dual Users.  View on PubMed
  7. Matthay MA, Arabi YM, Siegel ER, Ware LB, Bos LDJ, Sinha P, Beitler JR, Wick KD, Curley MAQ, Constantin JM, Levitt JE, Calfee CS Phenotypes and personalized medicine in the acute respiratory distress syndrome.  View on PubMed
  8. Mick E, Kamm J, Pisco AO, Ratnasiri K, Babik JM, Castañeda G, DeRisi JL, Detweiler AM, Hao SL, Kangelaris KN, Kumar GR, Li LM, Mann SA, Neff N, Prasad PA, Serpa PH, Shah SJ, Spottiswoode N, Tan M, Calfee CS, Christenson SA, Kistler A, Langelier C Upper airway gene expression reveals suppressed immune responses to SARS-CoV-2 compared with other respiratory viruses.  View on PubMed
  9. Self WH, Semler MW, Leither LM, Casey JD, Angus DC, Brower RG, Chang SY, Collins SP, Eppensteiner JC, Filbin MR, Files DC, Gibbs KW, Ginde AA, Gong MN, Harrell FE, Hayden DL, Hough CL, Johnson NJ, Khan A, Lindsell CJ, Matthay MA, Moss M, Park PK, Rice TW, Robinson BRH, Schoenfeld DA, Shapiro NI, Steingrub JS, Ulysse CA, Weissman A, Yealy DM, Thompson BT, Brown SM Effect of Hydroxychloroquine on Clinical Status at 14 Days in Hospitalized Patients With COVID-19: A Randomized Clinical Trial.  View on PubMed
  10. Vignon P, Evrard B, Asfar P, Busana M, Calfee CS, Coppola S, Demiselle J, Geri G, Jozwiak M, Martin GS, Gattinoni L, Chiumello D Fluid administration and monitoring in ARDS: which management?  View on PubMed
  11. Sinha P, Calfee CS, Delucchi KL Practitioner's Guide to Latent Class Analysis: Methodological Considerations and Common Pitfalls.  View on PubMed
  12. Combes AJ, Courau T, Kuhn NF, Hu KH, Ray A, Chen WS, Cleary SJ, Chew NW, Kushnoor D, Reeder GC, Shen A, Tsui J, Hiam-Galvez KJ, Muñoz-Sandoval P, Zhu WS, Lee DS, Sun Y, You R, Magnen M, Rodriguez L, Leligdowicz A, Zamecnik CR, Loudermilk RP, Wilson MR, Ye CJ, Fragiadakis GK, Looney MR, Chan V, Ward A, Carrillo S, Matthay M, Erle DJ, Woodruff PG, Langelier C, Kangelaris K, Hendrickson CM, Calfee C, Rao AA, Krummel MF Global Absence and Targeting of Protective Immune States in Severe COVID-19.  View on PubMed
  13. Combes AJ, Courau T, Kuhn NF, Hu KH, Ray A, Chen WS, Cleary SJ, Chew NW, Kushnoor D, Reeder GC, Shen A, Tsui J, Hiam-Galvez KJ, Muñoz-Sandoval P, Zhu WS, Lee DS, Sun Y, You R, Magnen M, Rodriguez L, Leligdowicz A, Zamecnik CR, Loudermilk RP, Wilson MR, Ye CJ, Fragiadakis GK, Looney MR, Chan V, Ward A, Carrillo S, Matthay M, Erle DJ, Woodruff PG, Langelier C, Kangelaris K, Hendrickson CM, Calfee C, Rao AA, Krummel MF Global Absence and Targeting of Protective Immune States in Severe COVID-19.  View on PubMed
  14. Leisman DE, Ronner L, Pinotti R, Taylor MD, Sinha P, Calfee CS, Hirayama AV, Mastroiani F, Turtle CJ, Harhay MO, Legrand M, Deutschman CS Cytokine elevation in severe and critical COVID-19: a rapid systematic review, meta-analysis, and comparison with other inflammatory syndromes.  View on PubMed
  15. Kwong YD, Mehta KM, Miaskowski C, Zhuo H, Yee K, Jauregui A, Ke S, Deiss T, Abbott J, Kangelaris KN, Sinha P, Hendrickson C, Gomez A, Leligdowicz A, Matthay MA, Calfee CS, Liu KD Using best subset regression to identify clinical characteristics and biomarkers associated with sepsis-associated acute kidney injury.  View on PubMed
  16. Angus DC, Derde L, Al-Beidh F, Annane D, Arabi Y, Beane A, van Bentum-Puijk W, Berry L, Bhimani Z, Bonten M, Bradbury C, Brunkhorst F, Buxton M, Buzgau A, Cheng AC, de Jong M, Detry M, Estcourt L, Fitzgerald M, Goossens H, Green C, Haniffa R, Higgins AM, Horvat C, Hullegie SJ, Kruger P, Lamontagne F, Lawler PR, Linstrum K, Litton E, Lorenzi E, Marshall J, McAuley D, McGlothin A, McGuinness S, McVerry B, Montgomery S, Mouncey P, Murthy S, Nichol A, Parke R, Parker J, Rowan K, Sanil A, Santos M, Saunders C, Seymour C, Turner A, van de Veerdonk F, Venkatesh B, Zarychanski R, Berry S, Lewis RJ, McArthur C, Webb SA, Gordon AC, Al-Beidh F, Angus D, Annane D, Arabi Y, van Bentum-Puijk W, Berry S, Beane A, Bhimani Z, Bonten M, Bradbury C, Brunkhorst F, Buxton M, Cheng A, De Jong M, Derde L, Estcourt L, Goossens H, Gordon A, Green C, Haniffa R, Lamontagne F, Lawler P, Litton E, Marshall J, McAuley D, McGuinness S, McVerry B, Montgomery S, Mouncey P, Murthy S, Nichol A, Parke R, Rowan K, Seymour C, Turner A, van de Veerdonk F, Webb S, Zarychanski R, Campbell L, Forbes A, Gattas D, Heritier S, Higgins L, Kruger P, Peake S, Presneill J, Seppelt I, Trapani T, Young P, Bagshaw S, Daneman N, Ferguson N, Misak C, Santos M, Hullegie S, Pletz M, Rohde G, Rowan K, Alexander B, Basile K, Girard T, Horvat C, Huang D, Linstrum K, Vates J, Beasley R, Fowler R, McGloughlin S, Morpeth S, Paterson D, Venkatesh B, Uyeki T, Baillie K, Duffy E, Fowler R, Hills T, Orr K, Patanwala A, Tong S, Netea M, Bihari S, Carrier M, Fergusson D, Goligher E, Haidar G, Hunt B, Kumar A, Laffan M, Lawless P, Lother S, McCallum P, Middeldopr S, McQuilten Z, Neal M, Pasi J, Schutgens R, Stanworth S, Turgeon A, Weissman A, Adhikari N, Anstey M, Brant E, de Man A, Lamonagne F, Masse MH, Udy A, Arnold D, Begin P, Charlewood R, Chasse M, Coyne M, Cooper J, Daly J, Gosbell I, Harvala-Simmonds H, Hills T, MacLennan S, Menon D, McDyer J, Pridee N, Roberts D, Shankar-Hari M, Thomas H, Tinmouth A, Triulzi D, Walsh T, Wood E, Calfee C, O’Kane C, Shyamsundar M, Sinha P, Thompson T, Young I, Bihari S, Hodgson C, Laffey J, McAuley D, Orford N, Neto A, Detry M, Fitzgerald M, Lewis R, McGlothlin A, Sanil A, Saunders C, Berry L, Lorenzi E, Miller E, Singh V, Zammit C, van Bentum Puijk W, Bouwman W, Mangindaan Y, Parker L, Peters S, Rietveld I, Raymakers K, Ganpat R, Brillinger N, Markgraf R, Ainscough K, Brickell K, Anjum A, Lane JB, Richards-Belle A, Saull M, Wiley D, Bion J, Connor J, Gates S, Manax V, van der Poll T, Reynolds J, van Beurden M, Effelaar E, Schotsman J, Boyd C, Harland C, Shearer A, Wren J, Clermont G, Garrard W, Kalchthaler K, King A, Ricketts D, Malakoutis S, Marroquin O, Music E, Quinn K, Cate H, Pearson K, Collins J, Hanson J, Williams P, Jackson S, Asghar A, Dyas S, Sutu M, Murphy S, Williamson D, Mguni N, Potter A, Porter D, Goodwin J, Rook C, Harrison S, Williams H, Campbell H, Lomme K, Williamson J, Sheffield J, van’t Hoff W, McCracken P, Young M, Board J, Mart E, Knott C, Smith J, Boschert C, Affleck J, Ramanan M, D’Souza R, Pateman K, Shakih A, Cheung W, Kol M, Wong H, Shah A, Wagh A, Simpson J, Duke G, Chan P, Cartner B, Hunter S, Laver R, Shrestha T, Regli A, Pellicano A, McCullough J, Tallott M, Kumar N, Panwar R, Brinkerhoff G, Koppen C, Cazzola F, Brain M, Mineall S, Fischer R, Biradar V, Soar N, White H, Estensen K, Morrison L, Smith J, Cooper M, Health M, Shehabi Y, Al-Bassam W, Hulley A, Whitehead C, Lowrey J, Gresha R, Walsham J, Meyer J, Harward M, Venz E, Williams P, Kurenda C, Smith K, Smith M, Garcia R, Barge D, Byrne D, Byrne K, Driscoll A, Fortune L, Janin P, Yarad E, Hammond N, Bass F, Ashelford A, Waterson S, Wedd S, McNamara R, Buhr H, Coles J, Schweikert S, Wibrow B, Rauniyar R, Myers E, Fysh E, Dawda A, Mevavala B, Litton E, Ferrier J, Nair P, Buscher H, Reynolds C, Santamaria J, Barbazza L, Homes J, Smith R, Murray L, Brailsford J, Forbes L, Maguire T, Mariappa V, Smith J, Simpson S, Maiden M, Bone A, Horton M, Salerno T, Sterba M, et al Effect of Hydrocortisone on Mortality and Organ Support in Patients With Severe COVID-19: The REMAP-CAP COVID-19 Corticosteroid Domain Randomized Clinical Trial.  View on PubMed
  17. Sinha P, Churpek MM, Calfee CS Machine Learning Classifier Models Can Identify Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Phenotypes Using Readily Available Clinical Data.  View on PubMed
  18. Bos LDJ, Brodie D, Calfee CS Severe COVID-19 Infections-Knowledge Gained and Remaining Questions.  View on PubMed
  19. Crotty Alexander LE, Ware LB, Calfee CS, Callahan SJ, Eissenberg T, Farver C, Goniewicz ML, Jaspers I, Kheradmand F, King TE, Meyer NJ, Mikheev VB, Shields PG, Shihadeh A, Strongin R, Tarran R E-Cigarette or Vaping Product Use-associated Lung Injury: Developing a Research Agenda. An NIH Workshop Report.  View on PubMed
  20. Reilly JP, Meyer NJ, Shashaty MG, Anderson BJ, Ittner C, Dunn TG, Lim B, Forker C, Bonk MP, Kotloff ED, Feng R, Cantu E, Mangalmurti NS, Calfee CS, Matthay MA, Mikacenic C, Walley KR, Russell JA, Christiani DC, Wurfel MM, Lanken PN, Reilly MP, Christie JD The ABO Histo-Blood Group, endothelial activation, and acute respiratory distress syndrome risk in critical illness.  View on PubMed

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