University of California San Francisco
Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
Carolyn S. Calfee, MD

Carolyn S. Calfee, MD

Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, UCSF

Cancer Center Program Memberships

Tobacco Control

Research Summary

My research program focuses on clinical and translational approaches to studying the development of the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) in critically ill patients. I have two major areas of focus: (1) the prognostic and pathogenetic value of biomarkers of lung epithelial and endothelial injury in ARDS, including novel approaches to molecular phenotyping of ARDS; and (2) the epidemiology and mechanisms of association between active and passive cigarette smoke exposure and the development of ARDS. I also have a particular interest in the early identification of patients with or at high risk for ARDS, with several publications on clinical and biological approaches to early detection of ARDS.

Education

Yale University, BA, 1991-1995, English
University of Pennsylvania, MD, 1995-1999, Medicine
University of California, San Francisco Internship/Residency, 1999-2002, Internal Medicine
University of California, San Francisco Chief Residency, 2002-2003, Internal Medicine
University of California, San Francisco Fellowship, 2003-2007, Pulmonary/Critical Care
University of California, San Francisco Masters in Clinical Research (expected), 2007-2009, Clinical Research


Professional Experience

  • PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE
  • 1999-2002
    Internship and Residency, Internal Medicine, University of California, San Francisco
  • 2002-2003
    Chief Medical Resident, Internal Medicine, Moffitt-Long Hospital, UCSF
  • 2002-2003
    Clinical Instructor, Department of Medicine, UCSF
  • 2002-2003
    Attending Physician, Medical Service, Moffitt-Long Hospital, UCSF
  • 2003-2004
    Clinical Fellow, Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, UCSF
  • 2005-2006
    Advanced Training in Clinical Research Program, UCSF Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics
  • 2005-2007
    Research Fellow, Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, UCSF
  • 2007-2012
    Assistant Professor, Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, UCSF Dept of Medicine
  • 2012-present
    Associate Professor, Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, UCSF Depts of Medicine and Anesthesia
  • 2007-present
    Faculty, Center for Tobacco Control, Research, and Education, UCSF

Honors & Awards

  • 1994
    Phi Beta Kappa, Yale University
  • 1995
    Bachelor of Arts awarded magna cum laude, with Distinction in the Major
  • 1998
    Alpha Omega Alpha, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • 1999
    Julia M. Glasgow Award, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • 1999
    Spencer Morris Prize, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • 2000
    Intern of the Year, University of California, San Francisco, Department of Medicine
  • 2005
    Walter Travel Award, American Lung Association
  • 2012
    Associate Scientific Advisor, Science Translational Medicine
  • 2013
    American Society for Clinical Investigation Young Physician-Scientist Award
  • 2013
    Highlighted abstract, 2013 American Thoracic Society International Conference (sr. author)
  • 2013
    Finalist, UCSF Pathways to Discovery Mentor Award

Selected Publications

  1. Papolos AI, Schiller NB, Belzer A, Zhuo H, Gotts JE, Bibby D, Calfee CS, Matthay MA. Pulmonary Dead Space Monitoring: Identifying Subjects With ARDS at Risk of Developing Right Ventricular Dysfunction. Respir Care. 2019 May 28.
    View on PubMed
  2. Quan J, Langelier C, Kuchta A, Batson J, Teyssier N, Lyden A, Caldera S, McGeever A, Dimitrov B, King R, Wilheim J, Murphy M, Ares LP, Travisano KA, Sit R, Amato R, Mumbengegwi DR, Smith JL, Bennett A, Gosling R, Mourani PM, Calfee CS, Neff NF, Chow ED, Kim PS, Greenhouse B, DeRisi JL, Crawford ED. FLASH: a next-generation CRISPR diagnostic for multiplexed detection of antimicrobial resistance sequences. Nucleic Acids Res. 2019 May 22.
    View on PubMed
  3. Reilly JP, Calfee CS, Christie JD. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Phenotypes. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2019 Feb; 40(1):19-30.
    View on PubMed
  4. Kornblith LZ, Robles AJ, Conroy AS, Redick BJ, Howard BM, Hendrickson CM, Moore S, Nelson MF, Moazed F, Callcut RA, Calfee CS, Cohen MJ. PREDICTORS OF POST-INJURY ARDS: LUNG INJURY PERSISTS IN THE ERA OF HEMOSTATIC RESUSCITATION. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2019 Apr 25.
    View on PubMed
  5. Bhatraju PK, Zelnick LR, Herting J, Katz R, Mikacenic C, Kosamo S, Morrell ED, Robinson-Cohen C, Calfee CS, Christie JD, Liu KD, Matthay MA, Hahn WO, Dmyterko V, Slivinski NSJ, Russell JA, Walley KR, Christiani DC, Liles WC, Himmelfarb J, Wurfel MM. Identification of Acute Kidney Injury Subphenotypes with Differing Molecular Signatures and Responses to Vasopressin Therapy. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2019 Apr 01; 199(7):863-872.
    View on PubMed
  6. Zinter MS, Spicer AC, Liu KD, Orwoll BE, Alkhouli MF, Brakeman PR, Calfee CS, Matthay MA, Sapru A. Positive Cumulative Fluid Balance Is Associated With Mortality in Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in the Setting of Acute Kidney Injury. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2019 Apr; 20(4):323-331.
    View on PubMed
  7. Matthay MA, Zhuo H, Gotts JE, Liu KD, Calfee CS. Precision medicine for cell therapy in acute respiratory distress syndrome - Authors' reply. Lancet Respir Med. 2019 Apr; 7(4):e14.
    View on PubMed
  8. Fielding-Singh V, Matthay MA, Calfee CS. The authors reply. Crit Care Med. 2019 Apr; 47(4):e375-e376.
    View on PubMed
  9. Fielding-Singh V, Matthay MA, Calfee CS. The authors reply. Crit Care Med. 2019 Apr; 47(4):e380-e381.
    View on PubMed
  10. Matthay MA, Zemans RL, Zimmerman GA, Arabi YM, Beitler JR, Mercat A, Herridge M, Randolph AG, Calfee CS. Acute respiratory distress syndrome. Nat Rev Dis Primers. 2019 Mar 14; 5(1):18.
    View on PubMed
  11. Lanspa MJ, Gong MN, Schoenfeld DA, Lee KT, Grissom CK, Hou PC, Serpa-Neto A, Brown SM, Iwashyna TJ, Yealy DM, Hough CL, Brower RG, Calfee CS, Hyzy RC, Matthay MA, Miller RR, Steingrub JS, Thompson BT, Miller CD, Clemmer TP, Hendey GW, Huang DT, Mathews KS, Qadir N, Tidswell M. Prospective Assessment of the Feasibility of a Trial of Low-Tidal Volume Ventilation for Patients with Acute Respiratory Failure. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2019 03; 16(3):356-362.
    View on PubMed
  12. Sinha P, Calfee CS. Peeking Under the Hood of ARDS Phenotypes: Deeper Insights Into Biological Heterogeneity. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2019 Feb 12.
    View on PubMed
  13. Sinha P, Calfee CS. Phenotypes in acute respiratory distress syndrome: moving towards precision medicine. Curr Opin Crit Care. 2019 Feb; 25(1):12-20.
    View on PubMed
  14. Sinha P, Calfee CS, Beitler JR, Soni N, Ho K, Matthay MA, Kallet RH. Physiologic Analysis and Clinical Performance of the Ventilatory Ratio in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2019 Feb 01; 199(3):333-341.
    View on PubMed
  15. Kalantar KL, Moazed F, Christenson SC, Wilson J, Deiss T, Belzer A, Vessel K, Caldera S, Jauregui A, Bolourchi S, DeRisi JL, Calfee CS, Langelier C. Metagenomic comparison of tracheal aspirate and mini-bronchial alveolar lavage for assessment of respiratory microbiota. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2019 Mar 01; 316(3):L578-L584.
    View on PubMed
  16. Zinter MS, Delucchi KL, Kong MY, Orwoll BE, Spicer AS, Lim MJ, Alkhouli MF, Ratiu AE, McKenzie AV, McQuillen PS, Dvorak CC, Calfee CS, Matthay MA, Sapru A. Early Plasma Matrix Metalloproteinase Profiles. A Novel Pathway in Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2019 Jan 15; 199(2):181-189.
    View on PubMed
  17. Reilly JP, Zhao Z, Shashaty MGS, Koyama T, Christie JD, Lanken PN, Wang C, Balmes JR, Matthay MA, Calfee CS, Ware LB. Low to Moderate Air Pollutant Exposure and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome after Severe Trauma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2019 Jan 01; 199(1):62-70.
    View on PubMed
  18. Langelier C, Kalantar KL, Moazed F, Wilson MR, Crawford ED, Deiss T, Belzer A, Bolourchi S, Caldera S, Fung M, Jauregui A, Malcolm K, Lyden A, Khan L, Vessel K, Quan J, Zinter M, Chiu CY, Chow ED, Wilson J, Miller S, Matthay MA, Pollard KS, Christenson S, Calfee CS, DeRisi JL. Integrating host response and unbiased microbe detection for lower respiratory tract infection diagnosis in critically ill adults. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 12 26; 115(52):E12353-E12362.
    View on PubMed
  19. Matthay MA, Calfee CS, Zhuo H, Thompson BT, Wilson JG, Levitt JE, Rogers AJ, Gotts JE, Wiener-Kronish JP, Bajwa EK, Donahoe MP, McVerry BJ, Ortiz LA, Exline M, Christman JW, Abbott J, Delucchi KL, Caballero L, McMillan M, McKenna DH, Liu KD. Treatment with allogeneic mesenchymal stromal cells for moderate to severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (START study): a randomised phase 2a safety trial. Lancet Respir Med. 2019 Feb; 7(2):154-162.
    View on PubMed
  20. Fielding-Singh V, Matthay MA, Calfee CS. Beyond Low Tidal Volume Ventilation: Treatment Adjuncts for Severe Respiratory Failure in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Crit Care Med. 2018 Nov; 46(11):1820-1831.
    View on PubMed

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