University of California San Francisco
Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
Alan Ashworth, PhD, FRS

Alan Ashworth, PhD, FRS

President, UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
Senior Vice President for Cancer Services, UCSF Health
Professor of Medicine, Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, UCSF
E. Dixon Heise Distinguished Professor in Oncology, UCSF

Cancer Center Program Memberships

Cancer Genetics

Research Summary

Alan Ashworth, PhD, FRS, is President of the UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, and Sr. Vice President for Cancer Services with UCSF Health. Prior to joining UCSF in January 2015, he served as Chief Executive of the Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) and the Director of the Breakthrough Breast Cancer Research Centre in London, United Kingdom.

A translational biologist and laboratory researcher, Ashworth's research focuses on understanding breast cancer genetics to improve the treatment and care of patients. He was a key part of the team that identified the BRCA2 breast cancer susceptibility gene that is linked to an increased risk for some types of cancer. Ten years later, he discovered how to kill BRCA1- and 2-related tumor cells by treating them with PARP inhibitors which are drugs that increase the damage caused by the broken DNA repair machinery in those cells. This exemplifies the principle of synthetic lethality as cancer therapy. Three different PARP inhibitors are now approved by the FDA.

In 2016, Ashworth and UCSF's Pamela Munster, MD, established the Center for BRCA Research, one of only two such centers in the US. The mission of the Center is to provide a place for families with BRCA and other mutations to receive personalized care and planning for their long-term health and well-being. He also started the San Francisco Cancer Initiative (SF CAN) that launched in 2016. SF CAN is the first comprehensive cancer plan for a major city and its partners include the City of San Francisco and numerous health and community organizations. Ashworth also chairs the UC Cancer Consortium, an alliance of the five UC cancer centers holding comprehensive cancer center status, the highest designation possible from the National Institutes of Health's National Cancer Institute. The Consortium's projects include precision medicine, clinical trials, population health science, best practices in harnessing big data to improve health, and political engagement for public benefit.

Ashworth is an elected member of EMBO, the Academy of Medical Sciences, and a Fellow of the Royal Society. He has received a number of scientific prizes and awards, including
The European Society of Medical Oncology Lifetime Achievement Award,
the David T. Workman Memorial Award of the Samuel Waxman Cancer Research Foundation, the Meyenburg Foundation's Cancer Research Award, the Basser Global Prize, the Genetics Society Medal, and the 2017 Brinker Award for Scientific Distinction in Basic Science from the Susan G. Komen Foundation.

Education

1978 – 1981, BSc (Hons), Chemistry and Biochemistry, Imperial College of Science and Technology, University of London
1981 – 1984, PhD, Biochemistry, University College London
1986 – 1988, Postdoctoral Fellow, The Institute of Cancer Research
1984 – 1986, Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Biochemistry, University College London


Professional Experience

  • 2014 - present
    Director, Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, and Professor of Medicine, Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, UCSF
  • 2011 – 2014
    Chief Executive Officer, The Institute of Cancer Research
  • 1999 – 2011
    Director, Breakthrough Breast Cancer Research Centre
  • 1997 – 2014
    Professor of Molecular Biology, The Institute of Cancer Research
  • 1988 – present
    Team Leader, Gene Function, The Institute of Cancer Research

Honors & Awards

  • 2018
    Elected as Fellow, American Association for Cancer Research
  • 2018
    Pioneer Award, Precision Medicine World Conference
  • 2017
    Brinker Award for Scientific Distinction in Basic Science, Susan G. Komen
  • 2016
    Drexel Prize in Cancer Biology
  • 2016
    Appointed to American Association for Cancer Research Board of Directors
  • 2015
    Genetics Society Medal
  • 2015
    Spirit of Empowerment Award, Facing Our Risk of Cancer Empowered (FORCE)
  • 2013
    Basser Global Prize
  • 2012
    Scientist in Residence - University Duisberg-Essen/Essener Sparkasse
  • 2012
    Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland’s Goudie Medal
  • 2010
    AACR Distinguished Lectureship in Breast Cancer, San Antonio
  • 2010
    Meyenburg Foundation Cancer Research Award
  • 2010
    Samuel Waxman Cancer Research Foundation David Workman Memorial Award
  • 2009
    Elected Fellow of the European Academy of Cancer Sciences
  • 2009
    ESMO Lifetime Achievement Award
  • 2008
    Elected Fellow of the Royal Society
  • 2002
    Elected Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences
  • 1999
    Elected to EMBO
  • 1991
    British Postgraduate Medical Federation Prize

Selected Publications

  1. Krastev DB, Pettitt SJ, Campbell J, Song F, Tanos BE, Stoynov SS, Ashworth A, Lord CJ. Coupling bimolecular PARylation biosensors with genetic screens to identify PARylation targets. Nat Commun. 2018 May 22; 9(1):2016.
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  2. Johns LE, Jones ME, Schoemaker MJ, McFadden E, Ashworth A, Swerdlow AJ. Reply to 'Comment on 'Domestic light at night and breast cancer risk: a prospective analysis of 105?000 UK women in the Generations Study". Br J Cancer. 2018 May 17.
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  3. Pettitt SJ, Krastev DB, Brandsma I, Dréan A, Song F, Aleksandrov R, Harrell MI, Menon M, Brough R, Campbell J, Frankum J, Ranes M, Pemberton HN, Rafiq R, Fenwick K, Swain A, Guettler S, Lee JM, Swisher EM, Stoynov S, Yusa K, Ashworth A, Lord CJ. Genome-wide and high-density CRISPR-Cas9 screens identify point mutations in PARP1 causing PARP inhibitor resistance. Nat Commun. 2018 May 10; 9(1):1849.
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  4. Tutt A, Tovey H, Cheang MCU, Kernaghan S, Kilburn L, Gazinska P, Owen J, Abraham J, Barrett S, Barrett-Lee P, Brown R, Chan S, Dowsett M, Flanagan JM, Fox L, Grigoriadis A, Gutin A, Harper-Wynne C, Hatton MQ, Hoadley KA, Parikh J, Parker P, Perou CM, Roylance R, Shah V, Shaw A, Smith IE, Timms KM, Wardley AM, Wilson G, Gillett C, Lanchbury JS, Ashworth A, Rahman N, Harries M, Ellis P, Pinder SE, Bliss JM. Carboplatin in BRCA1/2-mutated and triple-negative breast cancer BRCAness subgroups: the TNT Trial. Nat Med. 2018 May; 24(5):628-637.
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  5. Ghoussaini M, Edwards SL, Michailidou K, Nord S, Cowper-Sal Lari R, Desai K, Kar S, Hillman KM, Kaufmann S, Glubb DM, Beesley J, Dennis J, Bolla MK, Wang Q, Dicks E, Guo Q, Schmidt MK, Shah M, Luben R, Brown J, Czene K, Darabi H, Eriksson M, Klevebring D, Bojesen SE, Nordestgaard BG, Nielsen SF, Flyger H, Lambrechts D, Thienpont B, Neven P, Wildiers H, Broeks A, Van't Veer LJ, Rutgers EJT, Couch FJ, Olson JE, Hallberg E, Vachon C, Chang-Claude J, Rudolph A, Seibold P, Flesch-Janys D, Peto J, Dos-Santos-Silva I, Gibson L, Nevanlinna H, Muranen TA, Aittomäki K, Blomqvist C, Hall P, Li J, Liu J, Humphreys K, Kang D, Choi JY, Park SK, Noh DY, Matsuo K, Ito H, Iwata H, Yatabe Y, Guénel P, Truong T, Menegaux F, Sanchez M, Burwinkel B, Marme F, Schneeweiss A, Sohn C, Wu AH, Tseng CC, Van Den Berg D, Stram DO, Benitez J, Pilar Zamora M, Perez JIA, Menéndez P, Shu XO, Lu W, Gao YT, Cai Q, Cox A, Cross SS, Reed MWR, Andrulis IL, Knight JA, Glendon G, Tchatchou S, Sawyer EJ, Tomlinson I, Kerin MJ, Miller N, Haiman CA, Henderson BE, Schumacher F, Le Marchand L, Lindblom A, Margolin S, Teo SH, Yip CH, Lee DSC, Wong TY, Hooning MJ, Martens JWM, Collée JM, van Deurzen CHM, Hopper JL, Southey MC, Tsimiklis H, Kapuscinski MK, Shen CY, Wu PE, Yu JC, Chen ST, Alnæs GG, Borresen-Dale AL, Giles GG, Milne RL, McLean C, Muir K, Lophatananon A, Stewart-Brown S, Siriwanarangsan P, Hartman M, Miao H, Buhari SABS, Teo YY, Fasching PA, Haeberle L, Ekici AB, Beckmann MW, Brenner H, Dieffenbach AK, Arndt V, Stegmaier C, Swerdlow A, Ashworth A, Orr N, Schoemaker MJ, García-Closas M, Figueroa J, Chanock SJ, Lissowska J, Simard J, Goldberg MS, Labrèche F, Dumont M, Winqvist R, Pylkäs K, Jukkola-Vuorinen A, Brauch H, Brüning T, Koto YD, Radice P, Peterlongo P, Bonanni B, Volorio S, Dörk T, Bogdanova NV, Helbig S, Mannermaa A, Kataja V, Kosma VM, Hartikainen JM, Devilee P, Tollenaar RAEM, Seynaeve C, Van Asperen CJ, Jakubowska A, Lubinski J, Jaworska-Bieniek K, Durda K, Slager S, Toland AE, Ambrosone CB, Yannoukakos D, Sangrajrang S, Gaborieau V, Brennan P, McKay J, Hamann U, Torres D, Zheng W, Long J, Anton-Culver H, Neuhausen SL, Luccarini C, Baynes C, Ahmed S, Maranian M, Healey CS, González-Neira A, Pita G, Rosario Alonso M, Álvarez N, Herrero D, Tessier DC, Vincent D, Bacot F, de Santiago I, Carroll J, Caldas C, Brown MA, Lupien M, Kristensen VN, Pharoah PDP, Chenevix-Trench G, French JD, Easton DF, Dunning AM. Publisher Correction: Evidence that breast cancer risk at the 2q35 locus is mediated through IGFBP5 regulation. Nat Commun. 2018 Apr 10; 9:16193.
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  6. Bajrami I, Marlow R, van de Ven M, Brough R, Pemberton HN, Frankum J, Song F, Rafiq R, Konde A, Krastev DB, Menon M, Campbell J, Gulati A, Kumar R, Pettitt SJ, Gurden MD, Cardenosa ML, Chong I, Gazinska P, Wallberg F, Sawyer EJ, Martin LA, Dowsett M, Linardopoulos S, Natrajan R, Ryan CJ, Derksen PWB, Jonkers J, Tutt ANJ, Ashworth A, Lord CJ. E-Cadherin/ROS1 Inhibitor Synthetic Lethality in Breast Cancer. Cancer Discov. 2018 Apr; 8(4):498-515.
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  7. Touat M, Sourisseau T, Dorvault N, Chabanon RM, Garrido M, Morel D, Krastev DB, Bigot L, Adam J, Frankum JR, Durand S, Pontoizeau C, Souquère S, Kuo MS, Sauvaigo S, Mardakheh F, Sarasin A, Olaussen KA, Friboulet L, Bouillaud F, Pierron G, Ashworth A, Lombès A, Lord CJ, Soria JC, Postel-Vinay S. DNA repair deficiency sensitizes lung cancer cells to NAD+ biosynthesis blockade. J Clin Invest. 2018 Apr 02; 128(4):1671-1687.
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  8. Wright LB, Schoemaker MJ, Jones ME, Ashworth A, Swerdlow AJ. Breast cancer risk in relation to history of preeclampsia and hyperemesis gravidarum: Prospective analysis in the Generations Study. Int J Cancer. 2018 Mar 08.
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  9. Gonzalez VD, Samusik N, Chen TJ, Savig ES, Aghaeepour N, Quigley DA, Huang YW, Giangarrà V, Borowsky AD, Hubbard NE, Chen SY, Han G, Ashworth A, Kipps TJ, Berek JS, Nolan GP, Fantl WJ. Commonly Occurring Cell Subsets in High-Grade Serous Ovarian Tumors Identified by Single-Cell Mass Cytometry. Cell Rep. 2018 Feb 13; 22(7):1875-1888.
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  10. Johns LE, Jones ME, Schoemaker MJ, McFadden E, Ashworth A, Swerdlow AJ. Domestic light at night and breast cancer risk: a prospective analysis of 105?000 UK women in the Generations Study. Br J Cancer. 2018 Feb 20; 118(4):600-606.
    View on PubMed
  11. Hiatt RA, Sibley A, Fejerman L, Glantz S, Nguyen T, Pasick R, Palmer N, Perkins A, Potter MB, Somsouk M, Vargas RA, van 't Veer LJ, Ashworth A. The San Francisco Cancer Initiative: A Community Effort To Reduce The Population Burden Of Cancer. Health Aff (Millwood). 2018 Jan; 37(1):54-61.
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  12. Jones ME, Schoemaker MJ, Wright LB, Ashworth A, Swerdlow AJ. Smoking and risk of breast cancer in the Generations Study cohort. Breast Cancer Res. 2017 Nov 22; 19(1):118.
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  13. Jaffee EM, Dang CV, Agus DB, Alexander BM, Anderson KC, Ashworth A, Barker AD, Bastani R, Bhatia S, Bluestone JA, Brawley O, Butte AJ, Coit DG, Davidson NE, Davis M, DePinho RA, Diasio RB, Draetta G, Frazier AL, Futreal A, Gambhir SS, Ganz PA, Garraway L, Gerson S, Gupta S, Heath J, Hoffman RI, Hudis C, Hughes-Halbert C, Ibrahim R, Jadvar H, Kavanagh B, Kittles R, Le QT, Lippman SM, Mankoff D, Mardis ER, Mayer DK, McMasters K, Meropol NJ, Mitchell B, Naredi P, Ornish D, Pawlik TM, Peppercorn J, Pomper MG, Raghavan D, Ritchie C, Schwarz SW, Sullivan R, Wahl R, Wolchok JD, Wong SL, Yung A. Future cancer research priorities in the USA: a Lancet Oncology Commission. Lancet Oncol. 2017 Nov; 18(11):e653-e706.
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  14. Jones SE, Fleuren EDG, Frankum J, Konde A, Williamson CT, Krastev DB, Pemberton HN, Campbell J, Gulati A, Elliott R, Menon M, Selfe JL, Brough R, Pettitt SJ, Niedzwiedz W, van der Graaf WTA, Shipley J, Ashworth A, Lord CJ. ATR Is a Therapeutic Target in Synovial Sarcoma. Cancer Res. 2017 Dec 15; 77(24):7014-7026.
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  15. Chong IY, Aronson L, Bryant H, Gulati A, Campbell J, Elliott R, Pettitt S, Wilkerson P, Lambros MB, Reis-Filho JS, Ramessur A, Davidson M, Chau I, Cunningham D, Ashworth A, Lord CJ. Mapping genetic vulnerabilities reveals BTK as a novel therapeutic target in oesophageal cancer. Gut. 2017 Aug 22.
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  16. Oliver AW, Swift S, Lord CJ, Ashworth A, Pearl LH. Structural basis for recruitment of BRCA2 by PALB2. EMBO Rep. 2017 07; 18(7):1264.
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  17. Dréan A, Williamson CT, Brough R, Brandsma I, Menon M, Konde A, Garcia-Murillas I, Pemberton HN, Frankum J, Rafiq R, Badham N, Campbell J, Gulati A, Turner NC, Pettitt SJ, Ashworth A, Lord CJ. Modeling Therapy Resistance in BRCA1/2-Mutant Cancers. Mol Cancer Ther. 2017 Sep; 16(9):2022-2034.
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  18. Brewer HR, Jones ME, Schoemaker MJ, Ashworth A, Swerdlow AJ. Family history and risk of breast cancer: an analysis accounting for family structure. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2017 Aug; 165(1):193-200.
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  19. Nikkilä J, Kumar R, Campbell J, Brandsma I, Pemberton HN, Wallberg F, Nagy K, Scheer I, Vertessy BG, Serebrenik AA, Monni V, Harris RS, Pettitt SJ, Ashworth A, Lord CJ. Elevated APOBEC3B expression drives a kataegic-like mutation signature and replication stress-related therapeutic vulnerabilities in p53-defective cells. Br J Cancer. 2017 Jun 27; 117(1):113-123.
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  20. Quigley D, Alumkal JJ, Wyatt AW, Kothari V, Foye A, Lloyd P, Aggarwal R, Kim W, Lu E, Schwartzman J, Beja K, Annala M, Das R, Diolaiti M, Pritchard C, Thomas G, Tomlins S, Knudsen K, Lord CJ, Ryan C, Youngren J, Beer TM, Ashworth A, Small EJ, Feng FY. Analysis of Circulating Cell-Free DNA Identifies Multiclonal Heterogeneity of BRCA2 Reversion Mutations Associated with Resistance to PARP Inhibitors. Cancer Discov. 2017 09; 7(9):999-1005.
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