University of California San Francisco
Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
Peter R. Carroll, MD, MPH

Peter R. Carroll, MD, MPH

Associate Director, Strategic Planning and Clinical Services; and Program Leader, Prostate Cancer Program, Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Associate Dean, School of Medicine; Chair, Department of Urology, UCSF
Ken and Donna Derr-Chevron Distinguished Professorship in Prostate Cancer

Cancer Center Program Memberships

Prostate Cancer

Research Summary

My main research interests include identifying clinical and pathologic determinants of prostate cancer recurrence, progression, and mortality; discovering novel biomarkers for prostate cancer diagnostics and prognostics; developing evidence-based guidelines for improved management of prostate cancer patients; and examining the impact of lifestyle on health-related quality of life and survivorship among men with prostate cancer. Since 1995, I have been PI of CaPSURE™, a national disease registry study of over 14,000 men with prostate cancer treated at 40+ sites. At UCSF, we have developed a novel program in clinical management of and research on active surveillance for men with low-burden prostate cancer. We are committed to reducing the burden of prostate cancer treatment (physical, psychological and monetary). In 2007, I and colleagues initiated the Prostate Cancer Active Surveillance Study (PASS), a large multi-institutional cohort of men on active surveillance, designed to examine quantitative metabolic, molecular, and physiologic imaging biomarkers and lifestyle factors as novel predictors of prostate cancer progression. We aim to better determine which patients may safely avoid radical treatment, while concurrently identifying men who may benefit from early treatment instead of active surveillance.

Education

University of California, Berkeley, BA, 1974, Zoology
Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, D.C., MD, 1979, Medicine
University of California, Berkeley, MPH, 2008
 


Professional Experience

  • 1984-1986
    Fellow, Urology Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
  • 1986-1992
    Assistant Professor in Residence, Dept. of Urology, University of California, S.F
  • 1992-1993
    Associate Professor, Dept. of Urology, University of California, San Francisco
  • 1996-present
    Program Leader, Program in Urologic Oncology, UCSF Cancer Center
  • 1996-present
    Professor and Chair, Department of Urology, UCSF, San Francisco, CA
  • 2003-present
    Surgeon-in-Chief, UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
  • 2006-present
    Associate Director of Clinical Services and Strategic Planning, UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
  • 2006-present
    Associate Dean, UCSF School of Medicine

Honors & Awards

  • Other Experience and Professional Memberships
  • 2002-present
    American Urological Association, Prize Essay Committee (Chair)
  • 2002-2008
    American Urological Association, Update Series Advisory Committee (member)
  • 2001-present
    American Board of Urology, Trustee, President Elect (2006-2008)
  • 2001-present
    American College of Surgeons Commission on Cancer, AUA representative
  • 2000-present
    American Association of Genitourinary Surgeons, Site Committee
  • 2003-present
    American Association of Genitourinary Surgeons, Councilor
  • 2004-present
    ASCO Prostate Cancer Committee, Symposium Committee
  • 2004-present
    ASCO, Oncology Taskforce
  • 2005-present
    ASCO, Cancer Communications Committee, Roster of Cancer Experts
  • 2005-present
    American College of Radiology’s Appropriateness Criteria Expert Panel on Radiation Oncology-Prostate, AUA representative
  • 2006-present
    The Journal of Urology, Associate Editor
  • 2011 – present
    AUA Update, Editor
  • Honors:
  • 2001
    Ken and Donna Derr - Chevron Endowed Chair in Prostate Cancer
  • 2002
    Clinical Society of the American Association of Genitourinary Surgeons
  • 2004
    Ken and Donna Derr-Chevron Distinguished Professorship in Prostate Cancer
  • 2010
    AUA Eugene Fuller Triennial Prostate Award
  • 2010
    Society of Urologic Oncology Medal
  • 2014
    Barringer Medal, American Association of Genitourinary Surgeons

Selected Publications

  1. Starobinets O, Simko JP, Kuchinsky K, Kornak J, Carroll PR, Greene KL, Kurhanewicz J, Noworolski SM. Characterization and stratification of prostate lesions based on comprehensive multiparametric MRI using detailed whole-mount histopathology as a reference standard. NMR Biomed. 2017 Dec; 30(12).
    View on PubMed
  2. Nguyen HG, Welty C, Lindquist K, Ngo V, Gilbert E, Bengtsson H, Magi-Galluzzi C, Jean-Gilles J, Yao J, Cooperberg M, Messing E, Klein EA, Carroll PR, Paris PL. Validation of GEMCaP as a DNA based biomarker to predict prostate cancer recurrence after radical prostatectomy. J Urol. 2017 Sep 20.
    View on PubMed
  3. Garcia-Reyes K, Nguyen HG, Zagoria RJ, Shinohara K, Carroll PR, Behr SC, Westphalen AC. Impact of lesion visibility on transrectal ultrasound on the prediction of clinically significant prostate cancer (Gleason score = 3+4) with TRUS-MRI fusion biopsy. J Urol. 2017 Sep 20.
    View on PubMed
  4. Lake ST, Greene KL, Westphalen AC, Behr SC, Zagoria R, Small EJ, Carroll PR, Hope TA. Optimal MRI sequences for 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/MRI in evaluation of biochemically recurrent prostate cancer. EJNMMI Res. 2017 Sep 19; 7(1):77.
    View on PubMed
  5. Welty CJ, Sanford TH, Wright JL, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR, Meng MV, Porten SP. The Cancer of the Bladder Risk Assessment (COBRA) score: Estimating mortality after radical cystectomy. Cancer. 2017 Sep 07.
    View on PubMed
  6. Cook MB, Stanczyk FZ, Wood SN, Pfeiffer RM, Hafi M, Veneroso CC, Lynch B, Falk RT, Zhou CK, Niwa S, Emanuel E, Gao YT, Hemstreet GP, Zolfghari L, Carroll PR, Manyak MJ, Sesterhenn IA, Levine PH, Hsing AW. Relationships between circulating and intraprostatic sex steroid hormone concentrations. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2017 Aug 22.
    View on PubMed
  7. Osterberg EC, Palmer NRA, Harris CR, Murphy GP, Blaschko SD, Chu C, Allen IE, Cooperberg MR, Carroll PR, Breyer BN. Outcomes of men on active surveillance for low-risk prostate cancer at a safety-net hospital. Urol Oncol. 2017 Aug 17.
    View on PubMed
  8. Hope TA, Aggarwal R, Chee B, Tao D, Greene KL, Cooperberg M, Feng F, Chang A, Ryan CJ, Small EJ, Carroll PR. Impact of Ga-68 PSMA-11 PET on Management in Patients with Biochemically Recurrent Prostate Cancer. J Nucl Med. 2017 May 18.
    View on PubMed
  9. Zhao SG, Chang SL, Erho N, Yu M, Lehrer J, Alshalalfa M, Speers C, Cooperberg MR, Kim W, Ryan CJ, Den RB, Freedland SJ, Posadas E, Sandler H, Klein EA, Black P, Seiler R, Tomlins SA, Chinnaiyan AM, Jenkins RB, Davicioni E, Ross AE, Schaeffer EM, Nguyen PL, Carroll PR, Karnes RJ, Spratt DE, Feng FY. Associations of Luminal and Basal Subtyping of Prostate Cancer With Prognosis and Response to Androgen Deprivation Therapy. JAMA Oncol. 2017 May 11.
    View on PubMed
  10. Herlemann A, Cowan JE, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR. Community-based Outcomes of Open versus Robot-assisted Radical Prostatectomy. Eur Urol. 2017 May 09.
    View on PubMed
  11. Fulgham PF, Rukstalis DB, Turkbey IB, Rubenstein JN, Taneja S, Carroll PR, Pinto PA, Bjurlin MA, Eggener S. AUA Policy Statement on the Use of Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Diagnosis, Staging and Management of Prostate Cancer. J Urol. 2017 Oct; 198(4):832-838.
    View on PubMed
  12. Masic S, Washington SL, Carroll PR. Management of intermediate-risk prostate cancer with active surveillance: never or sometimes? Curr Opin Urol. 2017 May; 27(3):231-237.
    View on PubMed
  13. Van Blarigan EL, Kenfield SA, Tantum L, Cadmus-Bertram LA, Carroll PR, Chan JM. The Fitbit One Physical Activity Tracker in Men With Prostate Cancer: Validation Study. JMIR Cancer. 2017 Apr 18; 3(1):e5.
    View on PubMed
  14. Kim CS, Lee JY, Chung BH, Kim WJ, Fai NC, Hakim L, Umbas R, Ong TA, Lim J, Letran JL, Chiong E, Wu TL, Lojanapiwat B, Türkeri L, Murphy DG, Gardiner RA, Moretti K, Cooperberg M, Carroll P, Mun SK, Hinotsu S, Hirao Y, Ozono S, Horie S, Onozawa M, Kitagawa Y, Kitamura T, Namiki M, Akaza H. Report of the Second Asian Prostate Cancer (A-CaP) Study Meeting. Prostate Int. 2017 Sep; 5(3):95-103.
    View on PubMed
  15. Leapman MS, Cowan JE, Nguyen HG, Shinohara KK, Perez N, Cooperberg MR, Catalona WJ, Carroll PR. Active Surveillance in Younger Men With Prostate Cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2017 Jun 10; 35(17):1898-1904.
    View on PubMed
  16. Vertosick EA, Vickers AJ, Cowan JE, Broering JM, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR. Interpreting Patient Reported Urinary and Sexual Function Outcomes across Multiple Validated Instruments. J Urol. 2017 Sep; 198(3):671-677.
    View on PubMed
  17. Moschini M, Carroll PR, Eggener SE, Epstein JI, Graefen M, Montironi R, Parker C. Low-risk Prostate Cancer: Identification, Management, and Outcomes. Eur Urol. 2017 Aug; 72(2):238-249.
    View on PubMed
  18. Bruinsma SM, Roobol MJ, Carroll PR, Klotz L, Pickles T, Moore CM, Gnanapragasam VJ, Villers A, Rannikko A, Valdagni R, Frydenberg M, Kakehi Y, Filson CP, Bangma CH. Expert consensus document: Semantics in active surveillance for men with localized prostate cancer - results of a modified Delphi consensus procedure. Nat Rev Urol. 2017 May; 14(5):312-322.
    View on PubMed
  19. Adams SE, Arnold D, Murphy B, Carroll P, Green AK, Smith AM, Marsh PD, Chen T, Marriott RE, Brading MG. A randomised clinical study to determine the effect of a toothpaste containing enzymes and proteins on plaque oral microbiome ecology. Sci Rep. 2017 Feb 27; 7:43344.
    View on PubMed
  20. Chan B, Reeve E, Matthews S, Carroll PR, Long JC, Held F, Latt M, Naganathan V, Caplan GA, Hilmer SN. Medicine information exchange networks among healthcare professionals and prescribing in geriatric medicine wards. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2017 Jun; 83(6):1185-1196.
    View on PubMed

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