University of California San Francisco
Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
Dean Chou, MD

Dean Chou, MD

Associate Professor, Department of Neurological Surgery; Associate Director of Spinal Tumor Surgery, UCSF Spine Center

Research Summary

Dr. Dean Chou specializes in the treatment of complex and difficult spinal disorders. He treats such disorders as adult scoliosis, spinal deformities, flat back syndrome, kyphosis, kyphoscoliosis, spinal tumors, primary bony tumors of the spinal column, and metastatic disease to the spine. He is an expert in minimally invasive applications to such complex spinal disorders, and he has had multiple peer-reviewed papers published, describing his techniques. Moreover, he is an expert in traditional, open surgery for such complex procedures as en bloc spondylectomy and sacral resections for tumors, and osteotomies for adult scoliosis and adult deformity. His research goal is to try to accomplish the same goals of open surgery with minimally invasive techniques, which hopefully can lead to less morbidity and better outcomes for patients.

After medical school at UCSF, Dr. Chou completed his residency at The Johns Hopkins Hospital and then undertook a fellowship in complex spinal surgery at The Barrow Neurological Institute. He is board certified by the American Board of Neurological Surgery and has been elected by his peers for the past 8 consecutive years to the organization, “Best Doctors in America.”

In addition to having published as either first or senior author in SPINE, Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, and Neurosurgery, his publications have been featured 5 times as the cover article of the Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine.

Dr. Chou is on the Advisory Board of the journal, SPINE, the Editorial Board of The Global Spine Journal, and on the Editorial Board for the journal, Neurosurgery. He has served for many years on the Scientific Program Committee for the AANS/CNS Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves, as an abstract reviewer for such society meetings as the North American Spine Society (NASS) and the Congress of Neurological Surgeons, and as faculty member for The American Association of Neurological Surgeons, The North American Spine Society, The Lumbar Spine Research Society, and the AANS/CNS Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves.

Education

University of California Berkeley, 1991, B.A., Biochemistry
University of California, San Francisco, 1996, M.D., Medicine
The Johns Hopkins Hospital, 1996-1997, Intern, General Surgery
The Johns Hopkins Hospital, 1997-2002, Resident, Neurosurgery
The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Assistant Chief of Service, 2002-2003, Neurosurgery
Barrow Neurological Institute, Spine Fellow, 2003-2004, Spine surgery


Professional Experience

  • 2002-2003
    Instructor in Neurosurgery, The Johns Hopkins Hospital
  • 2003-2004
    Staff Neurosurgeon/Spine Fellow, St. Joseph's Hospital, Phoenix, AZ
  • 2004-2010
    Assistant Clinical Professor, University of California, San Francisco
  • 2007-present
    Associate Director of Spinal Tumor Surgery
  • 2010-present
    Associate Professor of Clinical Neurosurgery, University of California, San Francisco

Honors & Awards

  • 1990
    UC Berkeley Honor Students Society
  • 1990
    American Heart Association Research Fellowship
  • 1991
    Golden Key National Honor Society
  • 1992
    UCSF School of Medicine Dean's Summer Research Fellowship
  • 1993
    UCSF Travel Award to Western Student Medical Research Committee Meeting in Carmel, CA
  • 1993
    American Federation for Clinical Research Award for Excellence in Research
  • 1994
    Howard Hughes Medical Institute Research Training Fellowship
  • 1995
    Lucien J. Rubinstein Award for Best Paper in Neuro-Oncology, American Association of Neuropathologists Annual Meeting
  • 2000
    AANS Neurosurgery Research and Education Foundation (NREF) Grant
  • 2004
    Cover Article, Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine
  • 2007
    Who's Who in American Teachers and Educators
  • 2007
    Who's Who in Science and Engineering
  • 2007
    Harold Rosegay Neurosurgery Resident Teaching Award
  • 2009
    Best Doctors in America
  • 2009
    Cover Article, Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine
  • 2010
    Outcomes Committee Award, AANS/CNS Joint Section on Disorders of the Spine and Peripheral Nerves
  • 2010
    Cover Article, Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine

Selected Publications

  1. Wang X, Chou D, Jian F. Influence of postoperative O-C2 angle on the development of dysphagia after occipitocervical fusion surgery: results from a retrospective analysis and prospective validation. World Neurosurg. 2018 May 16.
    View on PubMed
  2. Wang X, Eichbaum E, Jian F, Chou D. Two-Stage En Bloc Resection of Multilevel Cervical Chordomas With Vertebral Artery Preservation: Operative Technique. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2018 May 01; 14(5):538-545.
    View on PubMed
  3. Zhang J, Chou D. Spinal Sclerosing Epithelioid Fibrosarcoma at the Cervicothoracic Junction. World Neurosurg. 2018 Mar 21.
    View on PubMed
  4. Miller C, Gulati P, Bandlish D, Chou D, Mummaneni PV. Prepsoas oblique lateral lumbar interbody fusion in deformity surgery. Ann Transl Med. 2018 Mar; 6(6):108.
    View on PubMed
  5. Kanter AS, Tempel ZJ, Agarwal N, Hamilton DK, Zavatsky JM, Mundis GM, Tran S, Chou D, Park P, Uribe JS, Wang MY, Anand N, Eastlack R, Mummaneni PV, Okonkwo DO. Curve Laterality for Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion in Adult Scoliosis Surgery: The Concave Versus Convex Controversy. Neurosurgery. 2018 Jan 18.
    View on PubMed
  6. Than KD, Mummaneni PV, Bridges KJ, Tran S, Park P, Chou D, La Marca F, Uribe JS, Vogel TD, Nunley PD, Eastlack RK, Anand N, Okonkwo DO, Kanter AS, Mundis GM. Complication rates associated with open versus percutaneous pedicle screw instrumentation among patients undergoing minimally invasive interbody fusion for adult spinal deformity. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Dec; 43(6):E7.
    View on PubMed
  7. Nunley PD, Mundis GM, Fessler RG, Park P, Zavatsky JM, Uribe JS, Eastlack RK, Chou D, Wang MY, Anand N, Frank KA, Stone MB, Kanter AS, Shaffrey CI, Mummaneni PV. Impact of case type, length of stay, institution type, and comorbidities on Medicare diagnosis-related group reimbursement for adult spinal deformity surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Dec; 43(6):E11.
    View on PubMed
  8. Bae J, Theologis AA, Strom R, Tay B, Burch S, Berven S, Mummaneni PV, Chou D, Ames CP, Deviren V. Comparative analysis of 3 surgical strategies for adult spinal deformity with mild to moderate sagittal imbalance. J Neurosurg Spine. 2018 Jan; 28(1):40-49.
    View on PubMed
  9. Weber MH, Fortin M, Shen J, Tay B, Hu SS, Berven S, Burch S, Chou D, Ames C, Deviren V. Graft Subsidence and Revision Rates Following Anterior Cervical Corpectomy: A Clinical Study Comparing Different Interbody Cages. Clin Spine Surg. 2017 Nov; 30(9):E1239-E1245.
    View on PubMed
  10. Leung JM, Sands LP, Chen N, Ames C, Berven S, Bozic K, Burch S, Chou D, Covinsky K, Deviren V, Kinjo S, Kramer JH, Ries M, Tay B, Vail T, Weinstein P, Chang S, Meckler G, Newman S, Tsai T, Voss V, Youngblom E. Perioperative Gabapentin Does Not Reduce Postoperative Delirium in Older Surgical Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Anesthesiology. 2017 10; 127(4):633-644.
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  11. Zhang YH, Shao J, Chou D, Wu JF, Song J, Zhang J. C1-C2 Pedicle Screw Fixation for Atlantoaxial Dislocation in Pediatric Patients Younger than 5 Years: A Case Series of 15 Patients. World Neurosurg. 2017 Dec; 108:498-505.
    View on PubMed
  12. Charest-Morin R, Fisher CG, Varga PP, Gokaslan ZL, Rhines LD, Reynolds JJ, Dekutoski MB, Quraishi NA, Bilsky MH, Fehlings MG, Chou D, Germscheid NM, Luzzati A, Boriani S. En Bloc Resection Versus Intralesional Surgery in the Treatment of Giant Cell Tumor of the Spine. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2017 Sep 15; 42(18):1383-1390.
    View on PubMed
  13. Lau D, Winkler EA, Than KD, Chou D, Mummaneni PV. Laminoplasty versus laminectomy with posterior spinal fusion for multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy: influence of cervical alignment on outcomes. J Neurosurg Spine. 2017 Nov; 27(5):508-517.
    View on PubMed
  14. Safaee MM, Winkler EA, Chou D. Mini-open spinal column shortening for the treatment of adult tethered cord syndrome. J Clin Neurosci. 2017 Oct; 44:315-319.
    View on PubMed
  15. Jahangiri A, Chin AT, Wagner JR, Kunwar S, Ames C, Chou D, Barani I, Parsa AT, McDermott MW, Benet A, El-Sayed IH, Aghi MK. In Reply: Factors Predicting Recurrence After Resection of Clival Chordoma Using Variable Surgical Approaches and Radiation Modalities. Neurosurgery. 2017 Aug 01; 81(2):E32.
    View on PubMed
  16. DiGiorgio AM, Edwards CS, Virk MS, Mummaneni PV, Chou D. Stereotactic navigation for the prepsoas oblique lateral lumbar interbody fusion: technical note and case series. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Aug; 43(2):E14.
    View on PubMed
  17. Zhang YH, White I, Potts E, Mobasser JP, Chou D. Comparison Perioperative Factors During Minimally Invasive Pre-Psoas Lateral Interbody Fusion of the Lumbar Spine Using Either Navigation or Conventional Fluoroscopy. Global Spine J. 2017 Oct; 7(7):657-663.
    View on PubMed
  18. Zhang YH, Shen L, Shao J, Chou D, Song J, Zhang J. Structural Allograft versus Autograft for Instrumented Atlantoaxial Fusions in Pediatric Patients: Radiologic and Clinical Outcomes in Series of 32 Patients. World Neurosurg. 2017 Sep; 105:549-556.
    View on PubMed
  19. Oya J, Burke JF, Vogel T, Tay B, Chou D, Mummaneni P. The Accuracy of Multimodality Intraoperative Neuromonitoring to Predict Postoperative Neurologic Deficits Following Cervical Laminoplasty. World Neurosurg. 2017 Oct; 106:17-25.
    View on PubMed
  20. Tabaraee E, Mummaneni P, Abdul-Jabbar A, Shearer D, Roy E, Amin B, Ames C, Burch S, Deviren V, Berven S, Hu S, Chou D, Tay BK. A Comparison of Implants Used in Open-Door Laminoplasty: Structural Rib Allografts Versus Metallic Miniplates. Clin Spine Surg. 2017 Jun; 30(5):E523-E529.
    View on PubMed

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