University of California San Francisco
Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
Morton J. Cowan, MD

Morton J. Cowan, MD

Professor, Department of Pediatrics, UCSF

Cancer Center Program Memberships

Affiliate Member

Research Summary

Current Non-NIH Awards:

TR3-05535 Cowan (PI) 11/01/2012-10/31/2015

California Institute of Regenerative Medicine vGene Correction of Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cells in Artemis Deficient SCID

Goal is to complete the preclinical testing necessary for a clinical gene therapy trial in children with Artemis-SCID. The focus is on optimizing non-chemotherapy approaches to opening marrow niches, studying potential genotoxicity, and demonstrating that gene transduced Artemis deficient hematopoietic stem cells mature in vitro and in vivo into T and B cells.

Role: PI

DR2A-05365 Shizuru (PI) 07/01/2013-06/30/2017

California Institute of Regenerative Medicine vA monoclonal antibody that depletes blood stem cells and enables chemotherapy free transplants

Goal is to bring to a clinical trial a monoclonal antibody that targets hematopoietic stem cells. The antibody will be evaluated in a non-human primate model followed by a prospective phase I/II clinical trial in children with SCID.

Role: Co-PI

Overview:

I am a pediatric immunologist, Professor of Pediatrics and Chief, Allergy Immunology and BMT Division at UCSF. I led the planning for what ultimately became the Primary Immune Deficiency Treatment Consortium (PIDTC), an NIH-funded group of 43 centers in the US and Canada focused on PID in which I am the PI and UCSF is the lead institution since 2009. I am on the Steering and Executive Committees of the Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Consortium (PBMTC) and established and led for three years the Pediatric Special Interest Group within the American Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation. My career has focused on children with PID, with over 180 peer-reviewed publications. My major research interests include SCID in Athabascan-speaking Native Americans (SCIDA), gene therapy for children with Artemis-deficient SCID, non-chemotherapy approaches to opening marrow niches, and the use of haploidentical donors and reduced-toxicity transplantation for childhood diseases. I performed one of the initial haplocompatible T cell depleted marrow transplants for SCID in North America in 1982 and reported one of the first in utero transplants in the world, the first patient with multiple biotin-dependent carboxylase deficiencies and immune deficiency, and the first children with HIV infection. I have treated the largest cohort of children with SCIDA and the largest number of babies diagnosed through newborn screening with SCID in North America, mapped the genetic locus of the gene for SCIDA and radiation sensitive SCID (RS-SCID), and identified the mutation in DCLRE1C responsible for SCIDA in Navajo and Apache children. I designed and completed one of the few prospective single institution trials of haplocompatible HCT for children with SCID and initiated and completed the first large study of children with SCID transplanted in North America and reported by the PIDTC.

Education

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, B.S., 1966, Electrical Engineering
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, M.D., 1970, Medicine
University of California, San Francisco, Intern/Resident, 1975-77, Pediatrics
University of California, San Francisco, Fellow, 1977-79, Immunology


Professional Experience

  • 1972-74
    Scientist, Division of Lung Diseases, National Heart and Lung Institute, Bethesda, MD
  • 1974-75
    Staff Investigator, Pulmonary Biochemistry Branch, National Heart and Lung Institute, NIH, Bethesda, MD
  • 1979-83
    Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco
  • 1984-89
    Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Director, Pediatric Bone Marrow Transplant Program, University of California, San Francisco
  • 1989-present
    Professor of Pediatrics, Director, Bone Marrow Transplant Program, UCSF

Honors & Awards

  • 1966
    Tau Beta Pi, Engineer Honor Society
  • 1968-70
    Charles Hovies Scholarship
  • 1979-82
    Pediatric Clinical Research Center Investigator Award

Selected Publications

  1. Dvorak CC, Haddad E, Buckley RH, Cowan MJ, Logan B, Griffith LM, Kohn DB, Pai SY, Notarangelo L, Shearer W, Prockop S, Kapoor N, Heimall J, Chaudhury S, Shyr D, Chandra S, Cuvelier G, Moore T, Shenoy S, Goldman F, Smith AR, Sunkersett G, Vander Lugt M, Caywood E, Quigg T, Torgerson T, Chandrakasan S, Craddock J, Dávila Saldaña BJ, Gillio A, Shereck E, Aquino V, DeSantes K, Knutsen A, Thakar M, Yu L, Puck JM. The Genetic Landscape of SCID in the US and Canada in the Current Era (2010-2018). J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2018 Sep 04.
    View on PubMed
  2. Chinen J, Cowan MJ. Advances Series, Advances and Highlights In Primary Immunodeficiencies 2017. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2018 Aug 28.
    View on PubMed
  3. Haddad E, Logan BR, Griffith LM, Buckley RH, Parrott RE, Prockop SE, Small TN, Chaisson J, Dvorak CC, Murnane M, Kapoor N, Abdel-Azim H, Hanson IC, Martinez C, Bleesing JJH, Chandra S, Smith AR, Cavanaugh ME, Jyonouchi S, Sullivan KE, Burroughs L, Skoda-Smith S, Haight AE, Tumlin AG, Quigg TC, Taylor C, Dávila Saldaña BJ, Keller MD, Seroogy CM, Desantes KB, Petrovic A, Leiding JW, Shyr DC, Decaluwe H, Teira P, Gillio AP, Knutsen A, Moore TB, Kletzel M, Craddock JA, Aquino V, Davis JH, Yu LC, Cuvelier GDE, Bednarski JJ, Goldman FD, Kang EM, Shereck E, Porteus MH, Connelly JA, Fleisher TA, Malech HL, Shearer WT, Szabolcs P, Thakar MS, Vander Lugt MT, Heimall J, Yin Z, Pulsipher MA, Pai SY, Kohn DB, Puck JM, Cowan MJ, O'Reilly RJ, Notarangelo LD. SCID genotype and 6-month post-transplant CD4 count predict survival and immune recovery: a PIDTC retrospective study. Blood. 2018 Aug 28.
    View on PubMed
  4. Buchbinder D, Smith MJ, Kawahara M, Cowan MJ, Buzby JS, Abraham RS. Application of a radiosensitivity flow assay in a patient with DNA ligase 4 deficiency. Blood Adv. 2018 Aug 14; 2(15):1828-1832.
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  5. Belderbos ME, Gennery AR, Dvorak CC, Blok HJ, Eikema DJ, Silva JMF, Veys P, Neven B, Buckley R, Cole T, Cowan MJ, Goebel WS, Hoenig M, Kuo CY, Stiehm ER, Wynn R, Bierings M. Outcome of domino hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in humans - an international case series. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2018 Jul 05.
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  6. Eder M, Schwarz C, Kammer M, Jacobsen N, Masouridi Levrat S, Cowan MJ, Chongkrairatanakul T, Gaston R, Ravanan R, Ishida H, Bachmann A, Alvarez S, Koch M, Garrouste C, Duffner UA, Cullis B, Schaap N, Medinger M, Sørensen SS, Dauber EM, Böhmig G, Regele H, Berlakovich GA, Wekerle T, Oberbauer R. Allograft and patient survival after sequential HSCT and kidney transplantation from the same donor- a multicenter analysis. Am J Transplant. 2018 Jun 13.
    View on PubMed
  7. Miggelbrink AM, Logan BR, Buckley RH, Parrott RE, Dvorak CC, Kapoor N, Abdel-Azim H, Prockop SE, Shyr D, Decaluwe H, Hanson IC, Gillio A, Dávila Saldaña BJ, Eibel H, Hopkins G, Walter JE, Whangbo JS, Kohn DB, Puck JM, Cowan MJ, Griffith LM, Haddad E, O'Reilly RJ, Notarangelo LD, Pai SY. B cell differentiation and IL-21 response in IL2RG/JAK3 SCID patients after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Blood. 2018 May 04.
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  8. Gilman AL, Leung W, Cowan MJ, Cannon M, Epstein S, Barnhart C, Shah K, Hyland M, Fukes T, Ivanova A. Donor lymphocyte infusion and methotrexate for immune recovery after T-cell depleted haploidentical transplantation. Am J Hematol. 2018 Feb; 93(2):169-178.
    View on PubMed
  9. Heimall J, Logan BR, Cowan MJ, Notarangelo LD, Griffith LM, Puck JM, Kohn DB, Pulsipher MA, Parikh S, Martinez C, Kapoor N, O'Reilly R, Boyer M, Pai SY, Goldman F, Burroughs L, Chandra S, Kletzel M, Thakar M, Connelly J, Cuvelier G, Davila Saldana BJ, Shereck E, Knutsen A, Sullivan KE, DeSantes K, Gillio A, Haddad E, Petrovic A, Quigg T, Smith AR, Stenger E, Yin Z, Shearer WT, Fleisher T, Buckley RH, Dvorak CC. Immune reconstitution and survival of 100 SCID patients post-hematopoietic cell transplant: a PIDTC natural history study. Blood. 2017 12 21; 130(25):2718-2727.
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  10. Dobbs K, Tabellini G, Calzoni E, Patrizi O, Martinez P, Giliani SC, Moratto D, Al-Herz W, Cancrini C, Cowan M, Bleesing J, Booth C, Buchbinder D, Burns SO, Chatila TA, Chou J, Daza-Cajigal V, Ott de Bruin LM, de la Morena MT, Di Matteo G, Finocchi A, Geha R, Goyal RK, Hayward A, Holland S, Huang CH, Kanariou MG, King A, Kaplan B, Kleva A, Kuijpers TW, Lee BW, Lougaris V, Massaad M, Meyts I, Morsheimer M, Neven B, Pai SY, Parvaneh N, Plebani A, Prockop S, Reisli I, Soh JY, Somech R, Torgerson TR, Kim YJ, Walter JE, Gennery AR, Keles S, Manis JP, Marcenaro E, Moretta A, Parolini S, Notarangelo LD. Corrigendum: Natural Killer Cells from Patients with Recombinase-Activating Gene and Non-Homologous End Joining Gene Defects Comprise a Higher Frequency of CD56bright NKG2A+++ Cells, and Yet Display Increased Degranulation and Higher Perforin Content. Front Immunol. 2017; 8:1244.
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  11. Heimall J, Cowan MJ. Long term outcomes of severe combined immunodeficiency: therapy implications. Expert Rev Clin Immunol. 2017 Nov; 13(11):1029-1040.
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  12. Dvorak CC, Puck JM, Wahlstrom JT, Dorsey M, Melton A, Cowan MJ. Neurologic event-free survival demonstrates a benefit for SCID patients diagnosed by newborn screening. Blood Adv. 2017 Sep 12; 1(20):1694-1698.
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  13. Cowan MJ, Dvorak CC, Long-Boyle J. Opening Marrow Niches in Patients Undergoing Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Gene Therapy. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am. 2017 10; 31(5):809-822.
    View on PubMed
  14. Dobbs K, Tabellini G, Calzoni E, Patrizi O, Martinez P, Giliani SC, Moratto D, Al-Herz W, Cancrini C, Cowan M, Bleesing J, Booth C, Buchbinder D, Burns SO, Chatila TA, Chou J, Daza-Cajigal V, Ott de Bruin LM, de la Morena M, Di Matteo G, Finocchi A, Geha R, Goyal RK, Hayward A, Holland S, Huang CH, Kanariou MG, King A, Kaplan B, Kleva A, Kuijpers TW, Lee BW, Lougaris V, Massaad M, Meyts I, Morsheimer M, Neven B, Pai SY, Plebani A, Prockop S, Reisli I, Soh JY, Somech R, Torgerson TR, Kim YJ, Walter JE, Gennery AR, Keles S, Manis JP, Marcenaro E, Moretta A, Parolini S, Notarangelo LD. Natural Killer Cells from Patients with Recombinase-Activating Gene and Non-Homologous End Joining Gene Defects Comprise a Higher Frequency of CD56bright NKG2A+++ Cells, and Yet Display Increased Degranulation and Higher Perforin Content. Front Immunol. 2017; 8:798.
    View on PubMed
  15. Ivaturi V, Dvorak CC, Chan D, Liu T, Cowan MJ, Wahlstrom J, Stricherz M, Jennissen C, Orchard PJ, Tolar J, Pai SY, Huang L, Aweeka F, Long-Boyle J. Pharmacokinetics and Model-Based Dosing to Optimize Fludarabine Therapy in Pediatric Hematopoietic Cell Transplant Recipients. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2017 Oct; 23(10):1701-1713.
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  16. Heimall J, Buckley RH, Puck J, Fleisher TA, Gennery AR, Haddad E, Neven B, Slatter M, Roderick S, Baker KS, Dietz AC, Duncan C, Griffith LM, Notarangelo L, Pulsipher MA, Cowan MJ. Recommendations for Screening and Management of Late Effects in Patients with Severe Combined Immunodeficiency after Allogenic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation: A Consensus Statement from the Second Pediatric Blood and Marrow Transplant Consortium International Conference on Late Effects after Pediatric HCT. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2017 Aug; 23(8):1229-1240.
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  17. Khandelwal P, Millard HR, Thiel E, Abdel-Azim H, Abraham AA, Auletta JJ, Boulad F, Brown VI, Camitta BM, Chan KW, Chaudhury S, Cowan MJ, Angel-Diaz M, Gadalla SM, Gale RP, Hale G, Kasow KA, Keating AK, Kitko CL, MacMillan ML, Olsson RF, Page KM, Seber A, Smith AR, Warwick AB, Wirk B, Mehta PA. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Activity in Pediatric Cancer between 2008 and 2014 in the United States: A Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research Report. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2017 Aug; 23(8):1342-1349.
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  18. Slack J, Albert MH, Balashov D, Belohradsky BH, Bertaina A, Bleesing J, Booth C, Buechner J, Buckley RH, Ouachée-Chardin M, Deripapa E, Drabko K, Eapen M, Feuchtinger T, Finocchi A, Gaspar HB, Ghosh S, Gillio A, Gonzalez-Granado LI, Grunebaum E, Güngör T, Heilmann C, Helminen M, Higuchi K, Imai K, Kalwak K, Kanazawa N, Karasu G, Kucuk ZY, Laberko A, Lange A, Mahlaoui N, Meisel R, Moshous D, Muramatsu H, Parikh S, Pasic S, Schmid I, Schuetz C, Schulz A, Schultz KR, Shaw PJ, Slatter MA, Sykora KW, Tamura S, Taskinen M, Wawer A, Wolska-Kusnierz B, Cowan MJ, Fischer A, Gennery AR. Outcome of hematopoietic cell transplantation for DNA double-strand break repair disorders. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2018 Jan; 141(1):322-328.e10.
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  19. Hoenig M, Lagresle-Peyrou C, Pannicke U, Notarangelo LD, Porta F, Gennery AR, Slatter M, Cowan MJ, Stepensky P, Al-Mousa H, Al-Zahrani D, Pai SY, Al Herz W, Gaspar HB, Veys P, Oshima K, Imai K, Yabe H, Noroski LM, Wulffraat NM, Sykora KW, Soler-Palacin P, Muramatsu H, Al Hilali M, Moshous D, Debatin KM, Schuetz C, Jacobsen EM, Schulz AS, Schwarz K, Fischer A, Friedrich W, Cavazzana M. Reticular dysgenesis: international survey on clinical presentation, transplantation, and outcome. Blood. 2017 05 25; 129(21):2928-2938.
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  20. Dorsey MJ, Dvorak CC, Cowan MJ, Puck JM. Treatment of infants identified as having severe combined immunodeficiency by means of newborn screening. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2017 Mar; 139(3):733-742.
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