University of California San Francisco
Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
Eric J. Small, MD

Eric J. Small, MD

Professor of Medicine; Urology; and Chief, Department of Medicine/Division of Hematology/Oncology, UCSF
Deputy Director and Chief Scientific Officer; Program Leader, Prostate Cancer Program, UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
Doris and Donald Fisher Distinguished Professorship in Clinical Cancer Research; Stanford W. Ascherman and Norman R. Ascherman Endowed Chair, UCSF

Cancer Center Program Memberships

Prostate Cancer

Research Summary

My interests lie in clinical and translational research in advanced prostate cancer, including trial design, and development of novel agents. I piloted the early trials targeting the androgen receptor in advanced prostate cancer, developing ketoconazole and contributing to an understanding of its mechanisms of activity and resistance. I subsequently was centrally involved with the development of two novel androgen signaling inhibitors, abiraterone acetate and apalutamide, from first in human studies to FDA approval.

I have also been involved in the early application of immunotherapy to prostate cancer, developing sipuleucel T from first in human studies through FDA

approval, and undertaking the first in human testing of ipilimumab, the first immune check point inhibitor to be clinically developed.

Understanding the mechanisms of resistance in advanced prostate cancer has been a research focus. I was principal investigator of a $10 million multi-center Stand Up to Cancer (SU2C)/Prostate Cancer Foundation Dream Team Award undertaking deep genomic characterization of prostate cancer metastases, in order to elucidate patterns of resistance in abiraterone and/or enzalutamide

treated patients. Important observations from this, and subsequent work have included unexpectedly high prevalence rates of treatment associated small cell/neuroendocrine prostate cancer (t-SCNC), as well key structural variants which contribute to progression of castration-resistant disease, observed in the largest Whole Genome Sequencing series to date of metastatic advanced prostate cancer specimens.

I hold a number of leadership roles, serving as Leader of the UCSF Prostate Cancer Program, and as Deputy Director of the UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center. I have served as Chief of the Division of Hematology and Oncology in the UCSF Department of Medicine for 10 years, and most recently have assumed the position of Chief Scientific Officer in the UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center. Nationally, I serve on the ASCO Board of Directors, and chair a number of External Advisory Boards for other Cancer Centers.

Throughout all of these activities, is a deep and abiding commitment to mentorship and support of the next generation of cancer clinicians and investigators.

Education

Stanford University, Stanford, CA, BS, 1980, Biology
Case Western Reserve University of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, MD, 1985, Medicine
Beth Israel Hospital, Boston, MA, Internship and Residency, 1988, Internal Medicine
University of California San Francisco, CA, Fellowship, 1991, Hematology/Oncology

Honors & Awards

  • 1978
    Biomedical Research Grant, The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbour, ME
  • 1980
    NIH Research Support Grant, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH
  • 1984
    Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society
  • 1997
    Prostate Cancer Foundation Therapy Consortium
  • 2006-present
    Stanford W. and Norman R. Ascherman Endowed Chair

Selected Publications

  1. Guan X, Sun D, Lu E, Urrutia JA, Reiter RE, Rettig M, Evans CP, Lara P, Gleave M, Beer TM, Thomas GV, Huang J, Aggarwal RR, Quigley DA, Foye A, Chen WS, Youngren J, Weinstein AS, Stuart JM, Feng FY, Small EJ, Xia Z, Alumkal JJ. Copy Number Loss of 17q22 Is Associated with Enzalutamide Resistance and Poor Prognosis in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer. Clin Cancer Res. 2020 Jul 29.
    View on PubMed
  2. Eastham JA, Heller G, Halabi S, Monk JP, Beltran H, Gleave M, Evans CP, Clinton SK, Szmulewitz RZ, Coleman J, Hillman DW, Watt CR, George S, Sanda MG, Hahn OM, Taplin ME, Parsons JK, Mohler JL, Small EJ, Morris MJ. Cancer and Leukemia Group B 90203 (Alliance): Radical Prostatectomy With or Without Neoadjuvant Chemohormonal Therapy in Localized, High-Risk Prostate Cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2020 Jul 24; JCO2000315.
    View on PubMed
  3. Aggarwal RR, Schweizer MT, Nanus DM, Pantuck AJ, Heath EI, Campeau E, Attwell S, Norek K, Snyder M, Bauman L, Lakhotia S, Feng FY, Small EJ, Abida W, Alumkal JJ. A Phase 1b/2a Study of the Pan-BET Bromodomain Inhibitor ZEN-3694 in Combination with Enzalutamide in Patients with Metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer. Clin Cancer Res. 2020 Jul 21.
    View on PubMed
  4. Zhao SG, Chen WS, Li H, Foye A, Zhang M, Sjöström M, Aggarwal R, Playdle D, Liao A, Alumkal JJ, Das R, Chou J, Hua JT, Barnard TJ, Bailey AM, Chow ED, Perry MD, Dang HX, Yang R, Moussavi-Baygi R, Zhang L, Alshalalfa M, Laura Chang S, Houlahan KE, Shiah YJ, Beer TM, Thomas G, Chi KN, Gleave M, Zoubeidi A, Reiter RE, Rettig MB, Witte O, Yvonne Kim M, Fong L, Spratt DE, Morgan TM, Bose R, Huang FW, Li H, Chesner L, Shenoy T, Goodarzi H, Asangani IA, Sandhu S, Lang JM, Mahajan NP, Lara PN, Evans CP, Febbo P, Batzoglou S, Knudsen KE, He HH, Huang J, Zwart W, Costello JF, Luo J, Tomlins SA, Wyatt AW, Dehm SM, Ashworth A, Gilbert LA, Boutros PC, Farh K, Chinnaiyan AM, Maher CA, Small EJ, Quigley DA, Feng FY. The DNA methylation landscape of advanced prostate cancer. Nat Genet. 2020 Aug; 52(8):778-789.
    View on PubMed
  5. Kwon DH, Zhang L, Quigley DA, Foye A, Chen WS, Wong CK, Feng FY, Bailey A, Huang J, Stuart JM, Friedl V, Weinstein AS, Beer TM, Alumkal JJ, Rettig M, Gleave M, Lara PN, Thomas GV, Li P, Lui A, Small EJ, Aggarwal RR. Down-regulation of ADRB2 expression is associated with small cell neuroendocrine prostate cancer and adverse clinical outcomes in castration-resistant prostate cancer. Urol Oncol. 2020 Jul 02.
    View on PubMed
  6. Perez-Ruixo C, Ackaert O, Ouellet D, Chien C, Uemura H, Olmos D, Mainwaring P, Lee JY, Yu MK, Perez-Ruixo JJ, Smith MR, Small EJ. Efficacy and Safety Exposure-Response Relationships of Apalutamide in Patients with Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer. Clin Cancer Res. 2020 Sep 01; 26(17):4460-4467.
    View on PubMed
  7. Alumkal JJ, Sun D, Lu E, Beer TM, Thomas GV, Latour E, Aggarwal R, Cetnar J, Ryan CJ, Tabatabaei S, Bailey S, Turina CB, Quigley DA, Guan X, Foye A, Youngren JF, Urrutia J, Huang J, Weinstein AS, Friedl V, Rettig M, Reiter RE, Spratt DE, Gleave M, Evans CP, Stuart JM, Chen Y, Feng FY, Small EJ, Witte ON, Xia Z. Transcriptional profiling identifies an androgen receptor activity-low, stemness program associated with enzalutamide resistance. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2020 Jun 02; 117(22):12315-12323.
    View on PubMed
  8. Aggarwal R, Romero GR, Friedl V, Weinstein A, Foye A, Huang J, Feng F, Stuart JM, Small EJ. Clinical and genomic characterization of Low PSA Secretors: a unique subset of metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2020 Apr 14.
    View on PubMed
  9. Borno HT, Small EJ. Does the COVID-19 outbreak identify a broader need for an urgent transformation of cancer clinical trials research? Contemp Clin Trials. 2020 05; 92:105997.
    View on PubMed
  10. Sartor O, Armstrong AJ, Ahaghotu C, McLeod DG, Cooperberg MR, Penson DF, Kantoff PW, Vogelzang NJ, Hussain A, Pieczonka CM, Shore ND, Quinn DI, Small EJ, Heath EI, Tutrone RF, Schellhammer PF, Harmon M, Chang NN, Sheikh NA, Brown B, Freedland SJ, Higano CS. Survival of African-American and Caucasian men after sipuleucel-T immunotherapy: outcomes from the PROCEED registry. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2020 Sep; 23(3):517-526.
    View on PubMed
  11. Halabi S, Dutta S, Tangen CM, Rosenthal M, Petrylak DP, Thompson IM, Chi KN, De Bono JS, Araujo JC, Logothetis C, Eisenberger MA, Quinn DI, Fizazi K, Morris MJ, Higano CS, Tannock IF, Small EJ, Kelly WK. Comparative Survival of Asian and White Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer Men Treated With Docetaxel. JNCI Cancer Spectr. 2020 Apr; 4(2):pkaa003.
    View on PubMed
  12. Gillessen S, Attard G, Beer TM, Beltran H, Bjartell A, Bossi A, Briganti A, Bristow RG, Chi KN, Clarke N, Davis ID, de Bono J, Drake CG, Duran I, Eeles R, Efstathiou E, Evans CP, Fanti S, Feng FY, Fizazi K, Frydenberg M, Gleave M, Halabi S, Heidenreich A, Heinrich D, Higano CTS, Hofman MS, Hussain M, James N, Kanesvaran R, Kantoff P, Khauli RB, Leibowitz R, Logothetis C, Maluf F, Millman R, Morgans AK, Morris MJ, Mottet N, Mrabti H, Murphy DG, Murthy V, Oh WK, Ost P, O'Sullivan JM, Padhani AR, Parker C, Poon DMC, Pritchard CC, Reiter RE, Roach M, Rubin M, Ryan CJ, Saad F, Sade JP, Sartor O, Scher HI, Shore N, Small E, Smith M, Soule H, Sternberg CN, Steuber T, Suzuki H, Sweeney C, Sydes MR, Taplin ME, Tombal B, Türkeri L, van Oort I, Zapatero A, Omlin A. Management of Patients with Advanced Prostate Cancer: Report of the Advanced Prostate Cancer Consensus Conference 2019. Eur Urol. 2020 Apr; 77(4):508-547.
    View on PubMed
  13. Parsons JK, Zahrieh D, Mohler JL, Paskett E, Hansel DE, Kibel AS, Liu H, Seisler DK, Natarajan L, White M, Hahn O, Taylor J, Hartman SJ, Stroup SP, Van Veldhuizen P, Hall L, Small EJ, Morris MJ, Pierce JP, Marshall J. Effect of a Behavioral Intervention to Increase Vegetable Consumption on Cancer Progression Among Men With Early-Stage Prostate Cancer: The MEAL Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2020 01 14; 323(2):140-148.
    View on PubMed
  14. Chen WS, Feng EL, Aggarwal R, Foye A, Beer TM, Alumkal JJ, Gleave M, Chi KN, Reiter RE, Rettig MB, Evans CP, Small EJ, Sharifi N, Zhao SG. Germline polymorphisms associated with impaired survival outcomes and somatic tumor alterations in advanced prostate cancer. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2020 06; 23(2):316-323.
    View on PubMed
  15. Borno HT, Bakke BM, Kaplan C, Hebig-Prophet A, Chao J, Kim YJ, Yeager J, Cinar P, Small E, Boscardin C, Gonzales R. A step towards equitable clinical trial recruitment: a protocol for the development and preliminary testing of an online prostate cancer health information and clinical trial matching tool. Pilot Feasibility Stud. 2019; 5:123.
    View on PubMed
  16. Smith MR, Mehra M, Nair S, Lawson J, Small EJ. Relationship Between Metastasis-free Survival and Overall Survival in Patients With Nonmetastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer. Clin Genitourin Cancer. 2020 04; 18(2):e180-e189.
    View on PubMed
  17. Chen HY, Aggarwal R, Bok RA, Ohliger MA, Zhu Z, Lee P, Gordon JW, van Criekinge M, Carvajal L, Slater JB, Larson PEZ, Small EJ, Kurhanewicz J, Vigneron DB. Hyperpolarized 13C-pyruvate MRI detects real-time metabolic flux in prostate cancer metastases to bone and liver: a clinical feasibility study. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2020 06; 23(2):269-276.
    View on PubMed
  18. Small EJ, Saad F, Chowdhury S, Oudard S, Hadaschik BA, Graff JN, Olmos D, Mainwaring PN, Lee JY, Uemura H, De Porre P, Smith AA, Zhang K, Lopez-Gitlitz A, Smith MR. Apalutamide and overall survival in non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Ann Oncol. 2019 11 01; 30(11):1813-1820.
    View on PubMed
  19. Borno HT, Small EJ, Zhang L, DeRouen MC, Griffin A, McGuire J, Ryan CJ, Hiatt RA, Kaplan CP. How current reporting practices may mask differences: A call for examining cancer-specific demographic enrollment patterns in cancer treatment clinical trials. Contemp Clin Trials Commun. 2019 Dec; 16:100476.
    View on PubMed
  20. Reimers MA, Yip SM, Zhang L, Cieslik M, Dhawan M, Montgomery B, Wyatt AW, Chi KN, Small EJ, Chinnaiyan AM, Alva AS, Feng FY, Chou J. Clinical Outcomes in Cyclin-dependent Kinase 12 Mutant Advanced Prostate Cancer. Eur Urol. 2020 Mar; 77(3):333-341.
    View on PubMed

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