Smoking by either parent helps promote genetic deletions in children that are associated with the development and progression of the most common type of childhood cancer, according to research headed by UC San Francisco. While the strongest associations were found in children whose parents smoked during their infancy, these deletions were also noted in the offspring of parents who may have quit smoking even before conception.
The link between acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and parental smoking – especially paternal smoking – has already been established, but this is the first study that points to specific genetic changes in the tumor cells of children with the cancer, said co-first author Adam de Smith, PhD, assistant researcher in the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics at the UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center.
“With more smoking among the parents, we saw more deletions within the child’s ALL cells at diagnosis,” de Smith said.
DNA Error Causes Unchecked Growth
ALL, which is one of two primary types of leukemia in children, occurs when white blood cells called lymphocytes develop errors in their DNA, causing unchecked growth that crowds out healthy cells. Genetic deletions found in ALL patients wipe out cell-cycle control proteins and critical transcription factors required for the development of cells that play a key role in the immune response.
Read more at UCSF.edu