University of California San Francisco
Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
Hope S. Rugo, MD

Hope S. Rugo, MD

Professor, Department of Medicine (Hematology/Oncology); and Director, Breast Oncology and Clinical Trials Education, UCSF

Cancer Center Program Memberships

Breast Oncology

Research Summary

Hope S. Rugo, MD, FASCO, is professor of medicine in the Division of Hematology and Oncology at the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, where she is also the director of Breast Oncology and Clinical Trials Education. Dr. Rugo joined the Breast Care Center in 1999 after a decade of experience at University of California San Francisco in malignant hematology and bone marrow transplantation for a variety of diseases, including breast cancer. She entered the field of breast cancer in order to incorporate novel therapies based on an understanding of the biology of cancer with excellent quality of care into the treatment of women with breast cancer.

Dr. Rugo is the Director of Breast Oncology and Clinical Trials Education at the UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center. She is a principal investigator of multiple clinical trials focusing on combining novel targeted therapeutics with standard treatment to improve the treatment of both early and late stage breast cancer, and has published widely in this area. Her current research interests include immunotherapy and combinations of targeted agents in the treatment of breast cancer to overcome resistance. She was a member of the steering committee for the EMBRACA and ABRAZO studies that evaluated the efficacy of the PARP inhibitor talazoparib in patients with metastatic breast cancer and germline mutations in BRCA1 and 2. In addition, Dr. Rugo has conducted a number of studies focusing on reducing toxicity from therapy, resulting in approval of scalp cooling to reduce chemotherapy induced hair loss, and a steroid mouthwash to reduce targeted agent stomatitis. She is an investigator and the chair of the Safety Committee for the multicenter adaptively randomized phase II I-SPY2 trial, and serves on the Novel Agents Committee. Dr. Rugo is the co-chair of the Triple Negative Working Group and an active member of the Translational Breast Cancer Research Consortium (TBCRC), and is the principal investigator of several TBCRC trials including a multi-center immunotherapy trial funded by the Breast Cancer Research Foundation (BCRF). She is an active member of the Alliance (formerly CALGB) Breast Committee, as well as ASCO, where she serves on the Guidelines Committee and as an editor for the Education Committee.

In addition to her research, Dr. Rugo is an active clinician, and is committed to education, regularly lecturing locally, nationally and internationally on subjects relating to the treatment of and supportive care for breast cancer. At UCSF, Dr. Rugo runs the Breast Forum, an open bimonthly evening educational session for breast cancer patients, families and friends from throughout the bay area.

Dr. Rugo graduated from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 1983. She completed a residency in internal medicine and primary care followed by a fellowship in hematology and oncology at the University of California San Francisco. She was a post-doctoral fellow in immunology participating in laboratory research at Stanford University from 1988-1990. In 1990, Dr. Rugo joined the faculty at UCSF in the Division of Hematology and Oncology. Dr. Rugo recognized for her excellence in both patient care and in teaching of both medical students and training physicians. She has received several awards including the Bank of America Gianini Foundation Award and a UCSF Clinical Cancer Center Investigator Research Program intra-mural award. In 2006, she received an honor for her work in Breast Cancer Research by the Friends of the Breast Care Center and received the Cancer Care physician of the year award in 2010 by the Cancer Care National Organization.

Education

Tufts University, BS, 1979, Chemistry
University of Pennsylvania, MD, 1984, Medicine
University of California San Francisco, 1987, Resident, Internal Medicine
University of California San Francisco, 1990, Fellow, Hematology/Oncology
Stanford University, 1988-90, Postdoctoral Fellowship, Microbiology/Immunology
DNAX Institute of Cellular and Molecular Biology, 1989-90, Visiting Scientist, Immunology


Professional Experience

  • 1990-1992
    Clinical Instructor in Medicine (Div. of Hematology/Oncology), University of California, San Francisco
  • 1992-1997
    Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine (Div. of Hematology/Oncology), University of California, San Francisco
  • 1997-1999
    Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine (Div. of Hematology/Oncology), University of California, San Francisco
  • 1999-2003
    Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine (Div. of Hematology/Oncology), University of California, San Francisco
  • 2003-present
    Clinical Professor of Medicine (Div. of Hematology/Oncology), University of California, San Francisco
  • 2003-present
    Director, Breast Oncology Clinical Trials Program

Honors & Awards

  • College
    Summa Cum Laude, Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi; Victor Prather Prize for Excellence in Scientific Research; Durkee Scholarship for promise and achievement in the field of chemistry; Max Tishler Prize Scholarship for outstanding achievement in the sciences
  • Medical School
    Henry Luce Scholar in the Philippines; Certificate of Commendation, Philadelphia Area Project on Occupational Safety and Health; National Health Service Corps Scholarship; Janet M. Glasgow Memorial Achievement Citation
  • 1990
    Awarded Bank of America Gianini Foundation Research Fellowship

Selected Publications

  1. Magbanua MJM, Savenkov O, Asmus EJ, Ballman K, Scott JH, Park JW, Dickler M, Partridge AH, Carey LA, Winer E, Rugo HS. Clinical significance of circulating tumor cells in hormone receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer patients who received letrozole with or without bevacizumab. Clin Cancer Res. 2020 Jun 25.
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  2. Hafez N, Rugo HS, Tempero MA, Fox E, Reaman GH, Lyerly HK, Walker D, LoRusso PM. Novel Therapeutic Interventions Early in the Disease Trajectory: Drug Development Beyond the Refractory Setting. Clin Cancer Res. 2020 Jun 22.
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  3. Chua KC, Xiong C, Ho C, Mushiroda T, Jiang C, Mulkey F, Lai D, Schneider BP, Rashkin SR, Witte JS, Friedman PN, Ratain MJ, McLeod HL, Rugo HS, Shulman LN, Kubo M, Owzar K, Kroetz DL. Genome-Wide Meta-Analysis Validates a Role for S1PR1 in Microtubule Targeting Agent-Induced Sensory Peripheral Neuropathy. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2020 Jun 20.
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  4. Barcenas CH, Hurvitz SA, Di Palma JA, Bose R, Chien AJ, Iannotti N, Marx G, Brufsky A, Litvak A, Ibrahim E, Alvarez RH, Ruiz-Borrego M, Chan N, Manalo Y, Kellum A, Trudeau M, Thirlwell M, Saenz JG, Hunt D, Bryce R, McCulloch L, Rugo HS, Tripathy D, Chan A. Improved tolerability of neratinib in patients with HER2-positive early-stage breast cancer: diarrheal toxicity in the CONTROL trial. Ann Oncol. 2020 May 25.
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  5. Rugo HS, Jacobs I, Sharma S, Scappaticci F, Paul TA, Jensen-Pergakes K, Malouf GG. The Promise for Histone Methyltransferase Inhibitors for Epigenetic Therapy in Clinical Oncology: A Narrative Review. Adv Ther. 2020 May 22.
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  6. Roeland EJ, Bohlke K, Baracos VE, Bruera E, Del Fabbro E, Dixon S, Fallon M, Herrstedt J, Lau H, Platek M, Rugo HS, Schnipper HH, Smith TJ, Tan W, Loprinzi CL. Management of Cancer Cachexia: ASCO Guideline. J Clin Oncol. 2020 May 20; JCO2000611.
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  7. Ran R, Huang W, Liu Y, Shao L, Liu X, Niu Y, Kong W, Bo S, Rugo HS, Lu S, Li H. Prognostic Value of Plasma HER2 Gene Copy Number in HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer Treated with First-Line Trastuzumab. Onco Targets Ther. 2020; 13:4385-4395.
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  8. Rugo HS, André F, Yamashita T, Cerda H, Toledano I, Stemmer SM, Jurado JC, Juric D, Mayer I, Ciruelos EM, Iwata H, Conte P, Campone M, Wilke C, Mills D, Lteif A, Miller M, Gaudenzi F, Loibl S. Time Course and Management of Key Adverse Events During the Randomized Phase 3 SOLAR-1 Study of PI3K Inhibitor Alpelisib Plus Fulvestrant in Patients With HR-Positive Advanced Breast Cancer. Ann Oncol. 2020 May 13.
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  9. O'Donnell PH, Trubetskoy V, Nurhussein-Patterson A, Hall JP, Nath A, Huo D, Fleming GF, Ingle JN, Abramson VG, Morrow PK, Storniolo AM, Forero A, Van Poznak C, Liu MC, Chang JC, Merkel DE, Peppercorn JM, Rugo HS, Dees EC, Hahn OM, Hoffman PC, Rosner GL, Huang RS, Ratain MJ, Cox N, Olopade OI, Wolff AC, Dolan ME, Nanda R. Clinical evaluation of germline polymorphisms associated with capecitabine toxicity in breast cancer: TBCRC-015. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2020 Jun; 181(3):623-633.
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  10. Piha-Paul SA, Oh DY, Ueno M, Malka D, Chung HC, Nagrial A, Kelley RK, Ros W, Italiano A, Nakagawa K, Rugo HS, de Braud F, Varga AI, Hansen A, Wang H, Krishnan S, Norwood KG, Doi T. Efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab for the treatment of advanced biliary cancer: Results from the KEYNOTE-158 and KEYNOTE-028 studies. Int J Cancer. 2020 May 02.
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  11. Gumusay O, Vitiello PP, Wabl C, Corcoran RB, Bardelli A, Rugo HS. Strategic Combinations to Prevent and Overcome Resistance to Targeted Therapies in Oncology. Am Soc Clin Oncol Educ Book. 2020 May; 40:e292-e308.
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  12. Mukhtar RA, Krings G, Chen YY, Mamounas ME, Fahrner-Scott K, Wong J, Alvarado M, Ewing C, Esserman LJ, Rugo H. Mitotic score and pleomorphic histology in invasive lobular carcinoma of the breast: impact on disease-free survival. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2020 May; 181(1):23-29.
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  13. Gradishar WJ, Anderson BO, Abraham J, Aft R, Agnese D, Allison KH, Blair SL, Burstein HJ, Dang C, Elias AD, Giordano SH, Goetz MP, Goldstein LJ, Isakoff SJ, Krishnamurthy J, Lyons J, Marcom PK, Matro J, Mayer IA, Moran MS, Mortimer J, O'Regan RM, Patel SA, Pierce LJ, Rugo HS, Sitapati A, Smith KL, Smith ML, Soliman H, Stringer-Reasor EM, Telli ML, Ward JH, Young JS, Burns JL, Kumar R. Breast Cancer, Version 3.2020, NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology. J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 2020 04; 18(4):452-478.
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  14. Rugo HS, Bardia A, Tolaney SM, Arteaga C, Cortes J, Sohn J, Marmé F, Hong Q, Delaney RJ, Hafeez A, André F, Schmid P. TROPiCS-02: A Phase III study investigating sacituzumab govitecan in the treatment of HR+/HER2- metastatic breast cancer. Future Oncol. 2020 Apr; 16(12):705-715.
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  15. Ettl J, Im SA, Ro J, Masuda N, Colleoni M, Schnell P, Bananis E, Lu DR, Cristofanilli M, Rugo HS, Finn RS. Hematologic adverse events following palbociclib dose reduction in patients with hormone receptor-positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative advanced breast cancer: pooled analysis from randomized phase 2 and 3 studies. Breast Cancer Res. 2020 03 12; 22(1):27.
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  16. Rohrberg J, Van de Mark D, Amouzgar M, Lee JV, Taileb M, Corella A, Kilinc S, Williams J, Jokisch ML, Camarda R, Balakrishnan S, Shankar R, Zhou A, Chang AN, Chen B, Rugo HS, Dumont S, Goga A. MYC Dysregulates Mitosis, Revealing Cancer Vulnerabilities. Cell Rep. 2020 Mar 10; 30(10):3368-3382.e7.
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  17. Adams S, Diéras V, Barrios CH, Winer EP, Schneeweiss A, Iwata H, Loi S, Patel S, Henschel V, Chui SY, Rugo HS, Emens LA, Schmid P. Patient-reported outcomes from the phase III IMpassion130 trial of atezolizumab plus nab-paclitaxel in metastatic triple-negative breast cancer. Ann Oncol. 2020 05; 31(5):582-589.
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  18. Vaklavas C, Roberts BS, Varley KE, Lin NU, Liu MC, Rugo HS, Puhalla S, Nanda R, Storniolo AM, Carey LA, Saleh MN, Li Y, Delossantos JF, Grizzle WE, LoBuglio AF, Myers RM, Forero-Torres A. TBCRC 002: a phase II, randomized, open-label trial of preoperative letrozole with or without bevacizumab in postmenopausal women with newly diagnosed stage 2/3 hormone receptor-positive and HER2-negative breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res. 2020 02 18; 22(1):22.
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  19. Stebbing J, Mainwaring PN, Curigliano G, Pegram M, Latymer M, Bair AH, Rugo HS. Understanding the Role of Comparative Clinical Studies in the Development of Oncology Biosimilars. J Clin Oncol. 2020 Apr 01; 38(10):1070-1080.
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  20. Nanda R, Liu MC, Yau C, Shatsky R, Pusztai L, Wallace A, Chien AJ, Forero-Torres A, Ellis E, Han H, Clark A, Albain K, Boughey JC, Jaskowiak NT, Elias A, Isaacs C, Kemmer K, Helsten T, Majure M, Stringer-Reasor E, Parker C, Lee MC, Haddad T, Cohen RN, Asare S, Wilson A, Hirst GL, Singhrao R, Steeg K, Asare A, Matthews JB, Berry S, Sanil A, Schwab R, Symmans WF, van 't Veer L, Yee D, DeMichele A, Hylton NM, Melisko M, Perlmutter J, Rugo HS, Berry DA, Esserman LJ. Effect of Pembrolizumab Plus Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy on Pathologic Complete Response in Women With Early-Stage Breast Cancer: An Analysis of the Ongoing Phase 2 Adaptively Randomized I-SPY2 Trial. JAMA Oncol. 2020 Feb 13.
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