Peter R. Carroll, MD, MPH

Ken and Donna Derr-Chevron Distinguished Professorship in Prostate Cancer; Taube Family Distinguished Professorship in Urology, UCSF

Associate Director, Strategic Planning and Clinical Services; and Program Leader, Prostate Cancer Program, Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Associate Dean, School of Medicine; Chair, Department of Urology, UCSF

Cancer Center Program Membership

Prostate Cancer

Research Summary

My main research interests include identifying clinical and pathologic determinants of prostate cancer recurrence, progression, and mortality; discovering novel biomarkers for prostate cancer diagnostics and prognostics; developing evidence-based guidelines for improved management of prostate cancer patients; and examining the impact of lifestyle on health-related quality of life and survivorship among men with prostate cancer. Since 1995, I have been PI of CaPSURE™, a national disease registry study of over 14,000 men with prostate cancer treated at 40+ sites. At UCSF, we have developed a novel program in clinical management of and research on active surveillance for men with low-burden prostate cancer. We are committed to reducing the burden of prostate cancer treatment (physical, psychological and monetary). In 2007, I and colleagues initiated the Prostate Cancer Active Surveillance Study (PASS), a large multi-institutional cohort of men on active surveillance, designed to examine quantitative metabolic, molecular, and physiologic imaging biomarkers and lifestyle factors as novel predictors of prostate cancer progression. We aim to better determine which patients may safely avoid radical treatment, while concurrently identifying men who may benefit from early treatment instead of active surveillance.

Research Funding

  • August 5, 1999 - May 31, 2023 - Cancer Center Support Grant , Co-Principal Investigator . Sponsor: NIH, Sponsor Award ID: P30CA082103
  • September 30, 2008 - July 31, 2020 - UCSF KURe Career Development Program , Co-Principal Investigator . Sponsor: NIH, Sponsor Award ID: K12DK083021
  • September 30, 2009 - August 31, 2012 - Effectiveness of Early Stage Prostate Cancer Treatment , Principal Investigator . Sponsor: NIH, Sponsor Award ID: RC1CA146596
  • September 30, 2006 - August 31, 2012 - Male Reproductive Health Research Career Development Program , Principal Investigator . Sponsor: NIH, Sponsor Award ID: K12HD053943


University of California, Berkeley, BA, 1974, Zoology
Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, D.C., MD, 1979, Medicine
University of California, Berkeley, MPH, 2008

Honors & Awards

  • Other Experience and Professional Memberships
  • 2002-present
    American Urological Association, Prize Essay Committee (Chair)
  • 2002-2008
    American Urological Association, Update Series Advisory Committee (member)
  • 2001-present
    American Board of Urology, Trustee, President Elect (2006-2008)
  • 2001-present
    American College of Surgeons Commission on Cancer, AUA representative
  • 2000-present
    American Association of Genitourinary Surgeons, Site Committee
  • 2003-present
    American Association of Genitourinary Surgeons, Councilor
  • 2004-present
    ASCO Prostate Cancer Committee, Symposium Committee
  • 2004-present
    ASCO, Oncology Taskforce
  • 2005-present
    ASCO, Cancer Communications Committee, Roster of Cancer Experts
  • 2005-present
    American College of Radiology’s Appropriateness Criteria Expert Panel on Radiation Oncology-Prostate, AUA representative
  • 2006-present
    The Journal of Urology, Associate Editor
  • 2011 – present
    AUA Update, Editor
  • Honors:
  • 2001
    Ken and Donna Derr - Chevron Endowed Chair in Prostate Cancer
  • 2002
    Clinical Society of the American Association of Genitourinary Surgeons
  • 2004
    Ken and Donna Derr-Chevron Distinguished Professorship in Prostate Cancer
  • 2010
    AUA Eugene Fuller Triennial Prostate Award
  • 2010
    Society of Urologic Oncology Medal
  • 2014
    Barringer Medal, American Association of Genitourinary Surgeons

Selected Publications

  1. Washington SL, Lonergan PE, Cowan JE, Zhao S, Broering JM, Palmer NR, Hicks C, Cooperberg MR, Carroll PR. Ten-year work burden after prostate cancer treatment. Cancer Med. 2023 Sep 19.  View on PubMed
  2. Carroll PR. Editorial Comment. Urol Pract. 2023 Sep; 10(5):422.  View on PubMed
  3. Nguyen HG, van den Berg NS, Antaris AL, Xue L, Greenberg S, Rosenthal JW, Muchnik A, Klaassen A, Simko JP, Dutta S, Sorger JM, Munster P, Carroll PR. First-in-human Evaluation of a Prostate-specific Membrane Antigen-targeted Near-infrared Fluorescent Small Molecule for Fluorescence-based Identification of Prostate Cancer in Patients with High-risk Prostate Cancer Undergoing Robotic-assisted Prostatectomy. Eur Urol Oncol. 2023 Jul 27.  View on PubMed
  4. Sabbagh A, Tilki D, Feng J, Huland H, Graefen M, Wiegel T, Böhmer D, Hong JC, Valdes G, Cowan JE, Cooperberg M, Feng FY, Mohammad T, Shelan M, D'Amico AV, Carroll PR, Mohamad O. Multi-institutional Development and External Validation of a Machine Learning Model for the Prediction of Distant Metastasis in Patients Treated by Salvage Radiotherapy for Biochemical Failure After Radical Prostatectomy. Eur Urol Focus. 2023 Jul 26.  View on PubMed
  5. Djaïleb L, Armstrong WR, Thompson D, Gafita A, Farolfi A, Rajagopal A, Grogan TR, Nguyen K, Benz MR, Hotta M, Barbato F, Ceci F, Schwarzenböck SM, Unterrainer M, Zacho HD, Juarez R, Cooperberg M, Carroll P, Washington S, Reiter RE, Eiber M, Herrmann K, Fendler WP, Czernin J, Hope TA, Calais J. Presurgical 68Ga-PSMA-11 Positron Emission Tomography for Biochemical Recurrence Risk Assessment: A Follow-up Analysis of a Multicenter Prospective Phase 3 Imaging Trial. Eur Urol. 2023 Jul 21.  View on PubMed
  6. Chappidi MR, Sjöström M, Greenland NY, Cowan JE, Baskin AS, Shee K, Simko JP, Chan E, Stohr BA, Washington SL, Nguyen HG, Quigley DA, Davicioni E, Feng FY, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR. Transcriptomic Heterogeneity of Expansile Cribriform and Other Gleason Pattern 4 Prostate Cancer Subtypes. Eur Urol Oncol. 2023 Jul 18.  View on PubMed
  7. Han JH, Lee S, Lee B, Baek OK, Washington SL, Herlemann A, Lonergan PE, Carroll PR, Jeong CW, Cooperberg MR. Explainable ML models for a deeper insight on treatment decision for localized prostate cancer. Sci Rep. 2023 07 17; 13(1):11532.  View on PubMed
  8. Braun AE, Washington SL, Cowan JE, Hampson LA, Carroll PR. Impact of Stress Urinary Incontinence After Radical Prostatectomy on Time to Intervention, Quality of Life and Work Status. Urology. 2023 Jul 11.  View on PubMed
  9. Liu VN, Zuniga KB, Paciorek A, Zhang L, Chan JM, Carroll PR, Van Loon K, Laffan A, Venook A, Van Blarigan EL, Kenfield SA. Barriers and confidence among colorectal and prostate cancer survivors participating in two behavioral intervention studies. Support Care Cancer. 2023 Jul 10; 31(8):453.  View on PubMed
  10. Baskin A, Cowan JE, Braun A, Lonergan PE, Mohamad O, Washington SL, Zhao S, Broering JM, Cooperberg MR, Breyer BN, Carroll PR. Long-term complications and health-related quality of life outcomes after radical prostatectomy with or without subsequent radiation treatment for prostate cancer. Urol Oncol. 2023 Jul 03.  View on PubMed
  11. Patel P, Harmon S, Iseman R, Ludkowski O, Auman H, Hawley S, Newcomb LF, Lin DW, Nelson PS, Feng Z, Boyer HD, Tretiakova MS, True LD, Vakar-Lopez F, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR, Chan E, Simko J, Fazli L, Gleave M, Hurtado-Coll A, Thompson IM, Troyer D, McKenney JK, Wei W, Choyke PL, Bratslavsky G, Turkbey B, Siemens DR, Squire J, Peng YP, Brooks JD, Jamaspishvili T. Artificial Intelligence-Based PTEN Loss Assessment as an Early Predictor of Prostate Cancer Metastasis After Surgery: A Multicenter Retrospective Study. Mod Pathol. 2023 Jun 19; 36(10):100241.  View on PubMed
  12. Nik-Ahd F, De Hoedt A, Butler C, Anger JT, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR, Freedland SJ. Prostate Cancer in Transgender Women in the Veterans Affairs Health System, 2000-2022. JAMA. 2023 06 06; 329(21):1877-1879.  View on PubMed
  13. Lonergan PE, Baskin A, Greenberg SA, Mohamad O, Washington SL, Zhao S, Cowan JE, Broering JM, Nguyen HG, Cooperberg MR, Breyer BN, Carroll PR. The Long-term Incidence and Quality of Life Outcomes Associated With Treatment-Related Toxicities of External Beam Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer. Urology. 2023 Aug; 178:114-119.  View on PubMed
  14. Langlais CS, Graff RE, Van Blarigan EL, Neuhaus JM, Cowan JE, Broering JM, Carroll P, Kenfield SA, Chan JM. Post-diagnostic health behaviour scores and risk of prostate cancer progression and mortality. Br J Cancer. 2023 08; 129(2):346-355.  View on PubMed
  15. Jindal T, Zhang L, Deshmukh P, Reyes K, Chan E, Kumar V, Zhu X, Maldonado E, Feng S, Johnson M, Angelidakis A, Kwon D, Desai A, Borno HT, Bose R, Wong A, Hong J, Carroll P, Meng M, Porten S, Aggarwal R, Small EJ, Fong L, Chou J, Friedlander T, de Kouchkovsky I, Koshkin VS. Impact of Squamous Histology on Clinical Outcomes and Molecular Profiling in Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma PatientsTreated With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors or Enfortumab Vedotin. Clin Genitourin Cancer. 2023 May 17.  View on PubMed
  16. Bowman M, Yang H, Ahn J, Carroll PR, Hampson LA. A Novel Standardized Morbidity and Mortality Process to Promote Discourse, Improve Education, and Facilitate Practice Change: The M-PROVE Model. Urol Pract. 2023 07; 10(4):391-397.  View on PubMed
  17. Chang K, Greenberg SA, Cowan JE, Parker R, Shee K, Washington SL, Nguyen HG, Shinohara K, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR. Stability of Prognostic Estimation Using the CAPRA Score Incorporating Imaging-based vs Physical Exam-based Staging. J Urol. 2023 Aug; 210(2):281-289.  View on PubMed
  18. Parker R, Bell A, Chang K, Greenberg S, Washington SL, Cowan JE, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR. PSA density does not improve predictive accuracy of the UCSF-CAPRA score. Prostate. 2023 07; 83(10):922-928.  View on PubMed
  19. Nik-Ahd F, Waller J, De Hoedt AM, Garcia MM, Figueiredo JC, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR, Freedland SJ. Seeing the unseen: how can we best identify transgender women within the Veterans Affairs healthcare system's electronic medical record? J Sex Med. 2023 03 31; 20(4):559-567.  View on PubMed
  20. Han JH, Herlemann A, Washington SL, Lonergan PE, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR, Jeong CW. Observation, Radiotherapy, or Radical Prostatectomy for Localized Prostate Cancer: Survival Analysis in the United States. World J Mens Health. 2023 Mar 15.  View on PubMed

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