Peter R. Carroll, MD, MPH

Ken and Donna Derr-Chevron Distinguished Professorship in Prostate Cancer; Taube Family Distinguished Professorship in Urology, UCSF

Associate Director, Strategic Planning and Clinical Services; and Program Leader, Prostate Cancer Program, Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Associate Dean, School of Medicine; Chair, Department of Urology, UCSF

Cancer Center Program Membership

Prostate Cancer

Research Summary

My main research interests include identifying clinical and pathologic determinants of prostate cancer recurrence, progression, and mortality; discovering novel biomarkers for prostate cancer diagnostics and prognostics; developing evidence-based guidelines for improved management of prostate cancer patients; and examining the impact of lifestyle on health-related quality of life and survivorship among men with prostate cancer. Since 1995, I have been PI of CaPSURE™, a national disease registry study of over 14,000 men with prostate cancer treated at 40+ sites. At UCSF, we have developed a novel program in clinical management of and research on active surveillance for men with low-burden prostate cancer. We are committed to reducing the burden of prostate cancer treatment (physical, psychological and monetary). In 2007, I and colleagues initiated the Prostate Cancer Active Surveillance Study (PASS), a large multi-institutional cohort of men on active surveillance, designed to examine quantitative metabolic, molecular, and physiologic imaging biomarkers and lifestyle factors as novel predictors of prostate cancer progression. We aim to better determine which patients may safely avoid radical treatment, while concurrently identifying men who may benefit from early treatment instead of active surveillance.

Research Funding

  • August 5, 1999 - May 31, 2023 - Cancer Center Support Grant , Co-Principal Investigator . Sponsor: NIH, Sponsor Award ID: P30CA082103
  • September 30, 2008 - July 31, 2020 - UCSF KURe Career Development Program , Co-Principal Investigator . Sponsor: NIH, Sponsor Award ID: K12DK083021
  • September 30, 2009 - August 31, 2012 - Effectiveness of Early Stage Prostate Cancer Treatment , Principal Investigator . Sponsor: NIH, Sponsor Award ID: RC1CA146596
  • September 30, 2006 - August 31, 2012 - Male Reproductive Health Research Career Development Program , Principal Investigator . Sponsor: NIH, Sponsor Award ID: K12HD053943


University of California, Berkeley, BA, 1974, Zoology
Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, D.C., MD, 1979, Medicine
University of California, Berkeley, MPH, 2008

Honors & Awards

  • Other Experience and Professional Memberships
  • 2002-present
    American Urological Association, Prize Essay Committee (Chair)
  • 2002-2008
    American Urological Association, Update Series Advisory Committee (member)
  • 2001-present
    American Board of Urology, Trustee, President Elect (2006-2008)
  • 2001-present
    American College of Surgeons Commission on Cancer, AUA representative
  • 2000-present
    American Association of Genitourinary Surgeons, Site Committee
  • 2003-present
    American Association of Genitourinary Surgeons, Councilor
  • 2004-present
    ASCO Prostate Cancer Committee, Symposium Committee
  • 2004-present
    ASCO, Oncology Taskforce
  • 2005-present
    ASCO, Cancer Communications Committee, Roster of Cancer Experts
  • 2005-present
    American College of Radiology’s Appropriateness Criteria Expert Panel on Radiation Oncology-Prostate, AUA representative
  • 2006-present
    The Journal of Urology, Associate Editor
  • 2011 – present
    AUA Update, Editor
  • Honors:
  • 2001
    Ken and Donna Derr - Chevron Endowed Chair in Prostate Cancer
  • 2002
    Clinical Society of the American Association of Genitourinary Surgeons
  • 2004
    Ken and Donna Derr-Chevron Distinguished Professorship in Prostate Cancer
  • 2010
    AUA Eugene Fuller Triennial Prostate Award
  • 2010
    Society of Urologic Oncology Medal
  • 2014
    Barringer Medal, American Association of Genitourinary Surgeons

Selected Publications

  1. Brady L, Newcomb LF, Zhu K, Zheng Y, Boyer H, Sarkar N, McKenney JK, Brooks JD, Carroll PR, Dash A, Ellis WJ, Filson CP, Gleave ME, Liss MA, Martin F, Morgan TM, Thompson IM, Wagner AA, Pritchard CC, Lin DW, Nelson PS. Germline mutations in penetrant cancer predisposition genes are rare in men with prostate cancer selecting active surveillance. Cancer Med. 2022 Apr 25.  View on PubMed
  2. Carroll PR. Editorial Comment. J Urol. 2022 Apr 22; 101097JU000000000000249102.  View on PubMed
  3. Greenberg SA, Cowan JE, Lonergan PE, Washington SL, Nguyen HG, Zagoria RJ, Carroll PR. The effect of preoperative membranous urethral length on likelihood of postoperative urinary incontinence after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2022 Feb; 25(2):344-350.  View on PubMed
  4. Beckmann KR, Bangma CH, Helleman J, Bjartell A, Carroll PR, Morgan T, Nieboer D, Santaolalla A, Trock BJ, Valdagni R, Roobol MJ, Global Action Plan Active Surveillance Prostate Cancer [G.A.P.3] Consortium. Comparison of outcomes of different biopsy schedules among men on active surveillance for prostate cancer: An analysis of the G.A.P.3 global consortium database. Prostate. 2022 May; 82(7):876-879.  View on PubMed
  5. Ruder S, Gao Y, Ding Y, Bu P, Miles B, De Marzo A, Wheeler T, McKenney JK, Auman H, Fazli L, Simko J, Hurtado-Coll A, Troyer DA, Carroll PR, Gleave M, Platz E, Trock B, Han M, Sayeeduddin M, True LD, Rowley D, Lin DW, Nelson PS, Thompson IM, Feng Z, Wei W, Brooks JD, Ittmann M, Lee M, Ayala G. Development and validation of a quantitative reactive stroma biomarker (qRS) for prostate cancer prognosis. Hum Pathol. 2022 04; 122:84-91.  View on PubMed
  6. Chan E, McKenney JK, Hawley S, Corrigan D, Auman H, Newcomb LF, Boyer HD, Carroll PR, Cooperberg MR, Klein E, Fazli L, Gleave ME, Hurtado-Coll A, Simko JP, Nelson PS, Thompson IM, Tretiakova MS, Troyer D, True LD, Vakar-Lopez F, Lin DW, Brooks JD, Feng Z, Nguyen JK. Analysis of separate training and validation radical prostatectomy cohorts identifies 0.25 mm diameter as an optimal definition for "large" cribriform prostatic adenocarcinoma. Mod Pathol. 2022 Feb 10.  View on PubMed
  7. Song H, Weinstein HNW, Allegakoen P, Wadsworth MH, Xie J, Yang H, Castro EA, Lu KL, Stohr BA, Feng FY, Carroll PR, Wang B, Cooperberg MR, Shalek AK, Huang FW. Single-cell analysis of human primary prostate cancer reveals the heterogeneity of tumor-associated epithelial cell states. Nat Commun. 2022 01 10; 13(1):141.  View on PubMed
  8. McLachlan AJ, Carroll PR, Hunter DJ, Wakefield TAN, Stosic R. Osteoarthritis management: Does the pharmacist play a role in bridging the gap between what patients actually know and what they ought to know? Insights from a national online survey. Health Expect. 2022 Jun; 25(3):936-946.  View on PubMed
  9. Chappidi MR, Bell A, Cowan JE, Greenberg SA, Lonergan PE, Washington SL, Nguyen HG, Shinohara K, Cooperberg MR, Carroll PR. The Natural History of Untreated Biopsy Grade Group Progression and Delayed Definitive Treatment for Men on Active Surveillance for Early-Stage Prostate Cancer. J Urol. 2022 05; 207(5):1001-1009.  View on PubMed
  10. Olivier J, Li W, Nieboer D, Helleman J, Roobol M, Gnanapragasam V, Frydenberg M, Sugimoto M, Carroll P, Morgan TM, Valdagni R, Rubio-Briones J, Robert G, Stricker P, Hayen A, Schoots I, Haider M, Moore CM, Denton B, Villers A, Movember Foundation's Global Action Plan Prostate Cancer Active Surveillance GAP3 Consortium. Prostate Cancer Patients Under Active Surveillance with a Suspicious Magnetic Resonance Imaging Finding Are at Increased Risk of Needing Treatment: Results of the Movember Foundation's Global Action Plan Prostate Cancer Active Surveillance (GAP3) Consortium. Eur Urol Open Sci. 2022 Jan; 35:59-67.  View on PubMed
  11. Greenland NY, Cooperberg MR, Wong AC, Chan E, Carroll PR, Simko JP, Stohr BA. Molecular risk classifier score and biochemical recurrence risk are associated with cribriform pattern type in Gleason 3+4=7 prostate cancer. Investig Clin Urol. 2022 01; 63(1):27-33.  View on PubMed
  12. Hunter DJ, McLachlan AJ, Carroll PR, Wakefield TA, Stosic R. Health literacy and appropriateness of self-care and pain management in osteoarthritis: An understanding of the patient's perspective. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2021 Dec 23.  View on PubMed
  13. Carroll PR, Hanrahan J. Development and evaluation of an interprofessional student-led influenza vaccination clinic for medical, nursing and pharmacy students. Pharm Pract (Granada). 2021 Oct-Dec; 19(4):2449.  View on PubMed
  14. Lonergan PE, Washington SL, Cowan JE, Zhao S, Broering JM, Cooperberg MR, Carroll PR. Androgen Deprivation Therapy and the Risk of Dementia after Treatment for Prostate Cancer. J Urol. 2022 04; 207(4):832-840.  View on PubMed
  15. Waisman Malaret AJ, Chang P, Zhu K, Zheng Y, Newcomb LF, Liu M, McKenney JK, Brooks JD, Carroll P, Dash A, Filson CP, Gleave ME, Liss M, Martin FM, Morgan TM, Nelson PS, Lin DW, Wagner AA. Evaluating the Outcomes of Active Surveillance in Grade Group 2 Prostate Cancer: Prospective Results from the Canary PASS Cohort. J Urol. 2022 04; 207(4):805-813.  View on PubMed
  16. Jiang Y, Meyers TJ, Emeka AA, Cooley LF, Cooper PR, Lancki N, Helenowski I, Kachuri L, Lin DW, Stanford JL, Newcomb LF, Kolb S, Finelli A, Fleshner NE, Komisarenko M, Eastham JA, Ehdaie B, Benfante N, Logothetis CJ, Gregg JR, Perez CA, Garza S, Kim J, Marks LS, Delfin M, Barsa D, Vesprini D, Klotz LH, Loblaw A, Mamedov A, Goldenberg SL, Higano CS, Spillane M, Wu E, Carter HB, Pavlovich CP, Mamawala M, Landis T, Carroll PR, Chan JM, Cooperberg MR, Cowan JE, Morgan TM, Siddiqui J, Martin R, Klein EA, Brittain K, Gotwald P, Barocas DA, Dallmer JR, Gordetsky JB, Steele P, Kundu SD, Stockdale J, Roobol MJ, Venderbos LDF, Sanda MG, Arnold R, Patil D, Evans CP, Dall'Era MA, Vij A, Costello AJ, Chow K, Corcoran NM, Rais-Bahrami S, Phares C, Scherr DS, Flynn T, Karnes RJ, Koch M, Dhondt CR, Nelson JB, McBride D, Cookson MS, Stratton KL, Farriester S, Hemken E, Stadler WM, Pera T, Banionyte D, Bianco FJ, Lopez IH, Loeb S, Taneja SS, Byrne N, Amling CL, Martinez A, Boileau L, Gaylis FD, Petkewicz J, Kirwen N, Helfand BT, Xu J, Scholtens DM, Catalona WJ, Witte JS. Genetic Factors Associated with Prostate Cancer Conversion from Active Surveillance to Treatment. HGG Adv. 2022 Jan 13; 3(1).  View on PubMed
  17. Beckmann K, Santaolalla A, Helleman J, Carroll P, Ha Chung B, Shiong Lee L, Perry A, Rubio-Briones J, Sugimoto M, Trock B, Valdagni R, Dasgupta P, Van Hemelrijck M, Elhage O, Movember Foundation's Global Action Plan Prostate Cancer Active Surveillance (GAP3) Consortium. Comparison of Characteristics, Follow-up and Outcomes of Active Surveillance for Prostate Cancer According to Ethnicity in the GAP3 Global Consortium Database. Eur Urol Open Sci. 2021 Dec; 34:47-54.  View on PubMed
  18. Hope TA, Eiber M, Armstrong WR, Juarez R, Murthy V, Lawhn-Heath C, Behr SC, Zhang L, Barbato F, Ceci F, Farolfi A, Schwarzenböck SM, Unterrainer M, Zacho HD, Nguyen HG, Cooperberg MR, Carroll PR, Reiter RE, Holden S, Herrmann K, Zhu S, Fendler WP, Czernin J, Calais J. Diagnostic Accuracy of 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET for Pelvic Nodal Metastasis Detection Prior to Radical Prostatectomy and Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection: A Multicenter Prospective Phase 3 Imaging Trial. JAMA Oncol. 2021 Nov 01; 7(11):1635-1642.  View on PubMed
  19. Gibbons M, Starobinets O, Simko JP, Kurhanewicz J, Carroll PR, Noworolski SM. Identification of prostate cancer using multiparametric MR imaging characteristics of prostate tissues referenced to whole mount histopathology. Magn Reson Imaging. 2022 01; 85:251-261.  View on PubMed
  20. Kirk PS, Zhu K, Zheng Y, Newcomb LF, Schenk JM, Brooks JD, Carroll PR, Dash A, Ellis WJ, Filson CP, Gleave ME, Liss M, Martin F, McKenney JK, Morgan TM, Nelson PS, Thompson IM, Wagner AA, Lin DW, Gore JL. Treatment in the absence of disease reclassification among men on active surveillance for prostate cancer. Cancer. 2022 Jan 15; 128(2):269-274.  View on PubMed

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