University of California San Francisco
Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
Joanna Phillips, MD, PhD

Joanna Phillips, MD, PhD

Professor, Neurological Surgery and Pathology; Co-Director UCSF Brain Tumor SPORE Biorepository

Cancer Center Program Memberships

Neurologic Oncology

Research Summary

I am a Professor in the UCSF Departments of Neurological Surgery and Pathology, Director of the UCSF Brain Tumor Research Center Tissue Biorepository and Histology Core, Co-Director of the UCSF Neuropathology BTRC Biomarkers Laboratory, Co-Director of the UCSF Brain Tumor SPORE Biorepository, and Director of the Biospecimen and Biostatistics Core for a UCSF brain tumor-focused Program Project (P01). I received my MD and PhD in Neuroscience from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in 2002, and I have over ten years of experience working in cancer and neuropathology. My research interests focus on studying how factors in the brain tumor microenvironment, including the extracellular matrix and immune cells, influence tumor development and invasion. I am the PI of an NINDS-funded R01 and an NCI-funded U01, and have published over 70 publications related to the development and therapy of brain tumors.

Education

Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, BS, 05/1994, Biology/Biochemistry
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, PhD, 05/2001, Neuroscience
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, MD, 05/2002, Medicine
University of Washington, Seattle, WA, Residency, 2002-2004, Anatomic Pathology
University of California SF, San Francisco, CA, Fellow, 2004-2006, Neuropathology

Honors & Awards

  • 2001
    Stuart Mudd Award in Microbiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • 2005
    Moore Award for best paper on clinico-pathologic correlation, annual meeting of American Association of Neuropathologists
  • 2006
    Nominated UCSF School of Medicine Essential Teaching Award
  • 2006
    Young Pathologist Fellowship, American Society for Investigative Pathology, Experimental Biology annual meeting
  • 2006-08
    American Brain Tumor Association: Susan Resnick Fisher/American Brain Tumor Association Fellowship
  • 2008
    Rubinstein Award, best paper on neuro-oncology, annual meeting of American Association of Neuropathologists
  • 2010
    Aspen Cancer Conference Fellow
  • 2012
    Second place, Moore Award, Best paper on clinic-pathological correlation, annual meeting of American Association of Neuropathologists
  • 2013
    Nominated UCSF School of Medicine Essential Core Teaching Award
  • 2015
    Excellence in Teaching Award in medical education from the Haile T. Debas Academy of Medical Educators

Selected Publications

  1. Ohkawa Y, Wade A, Lindberg OR, Chen KY, Tran VM, Brown SJ, Kumar A, Kalita M, James CD, Phillips JJ. Heparan sulfate synthesized by Ext1 regulates receptor tyrosine kinase signaling and promotes resistance to EGFR inhibitors in GBM. Mol Cancer Res. 2020 Oct 07.
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  2. Lucas CG, Gupta R, Doo P, Lee JC, Cadwell CR, Ramani B, Hofmann JW, Sloan EA, Kleinschmidt-DeMasters BK, Lee HS, Wood MD, Grafe M, Born D, Vogel H, Salamat S, Puccetti D, Scharnhorst D, Samuel D, Cooney T, Cham E, Jin LW, Khatib Z, Maher O, Chamyan G, Brathwaite C, Bannykh S, Mueller S, Kline CN, Banerjee A, Reddy A, Taylor JW, Clarke JL, Oberheim Bush NA, Butowski N, Gupta N, Auguste KI, Sun PP, Roland JL, Raffel C, Aghi MK, Theodosopoulos P, Chang E, Hervey-Jumper S, Phillips JJ, Pekmezci M, Bollen AW, Tihan T, Chang S, Berger MS, Perry A, Solomon DA. Comprehensive analysis of diverse low-grade neuroepithelial tumors with FGFR1 alterations reveals a distinct molecular signature of rosette-forming glioneuronal tumor. Acta Neuropathol Commun. 2020 Aug 28; 8(1):151.
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  3. Jones LE, Hilz S, Grimmer MR, Mazor T, Najac C, Mukherjee J, McKinney A, Chow T, Pieper RO, Ronen SM, Chang SM, Phillips JJ, Costello JF. Patient-derived cells from recurrent tumors that model the evolution of IDH-mutant glioma. Neurooncol Adv. 2020 Jan-Dec; 2(1):vdaa088.
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  4. Cluceru J, Nelson SJ, Wen Q, Phillips JJ, Shai A, Molinaro AM, Alcaide-Leon P, Olson MP, Nair D, LaFontaine M, Chunduru P, Villanueva-Meyer JE, Cha S, Chang SM, Berger MS, Lupo JM. Recurrent tumor and treatment-induced effects have different MR signatures in contrast enhancing and non-enhancing lesions of high-grade gliomas. Neuro Oncol. 2020 Apr 22.
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  5. Mondal G, Lee JC, Ravindranathan A, Villanueva-Meyer JE, Tran QT, Allen SJ, Barreto J, Gupta R, Doo P, Van Ziffle J, Onodera C, Devine P, Grenert JP, Samuel D, Li R, Metrock LK, Jin LW, Antony R, Alashari M, Cheshier S, Whipple NS, Bruggers C, Raffel C, Gupta N, Kline CN, Reddy A, Banerjee A, Hall MD, Mehta MP, Khatib Z, Maher OM, Brathwaite C, Pekmezci M, Phillips JJ, Bollen AW, Tihan T, Lucas JT, Broniscer A, Berger MS, Perry A, Orr BA, Solomon DA. Pediatric bithalamic gliomas have a distinct epigenetic signature and frequent EGFR exon 20 insertions resulting in potential sensitivity to targeted kinase inhibition. Acta Neuropathol. 2020 06; 139(6):1071-1088.
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  6. Mathur R, Zhang Y, Grimmer MR, Hong C, Zhang M, Bollam S, Petrecca K, Clarke J, Berger MS, Phillips JJ, Oberheim-Bush NA, Molinaro AM, Chang SM, Costello JF. MGMT promoter methylation level in newly diagnosed low-grade glioma is a predictor of hypermutation at recurrence. Neuro Oncol. 2020 Mar 13.
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  7. Sloan EA, Hilz S, Gupta R, Cadwell C, Ramani B, Hofmann J, Kline CN, Banerjee A, Reddy A, Oberheim Bush NA, Chang S, Braunstein S, Chang EF, Raffel C, Gupta N, Sun PP, Kim JYH, Moes G, Alva E, Li R, Bruggers CS, Alashari M, Wetmore C, Garg S, Dishop M, Van Ziffle J, Onodera C, Devine P, Grenert JP, Lee JC, Phillips JJ, Pekmezci M, Tihan T, Bollen AW, Berger MS, Costello JF, Perry A, Solomon DA. Gliomas arising in the setting of Li-Fraumeni syndrome stratify into two molecular subgroups with divergent clinicopathologic features. Acta Neuropathol. 2020 05; 139(5):953-957.
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  8. Molinaro AM, Hervey-Jumper S, Morshed RA, Young J, Han SJ, Chunduru P, Zhang Y, Phillips JJ, Shai A, Lafontaine M, Crane J, Chandra A, Flanigan P, Jahangiri A, Cioffi G, Ostrom Q, Anderson JE, Badve C, Barnholtz-Sloan J, Sloan AE, Erickson BJ, Decker PA, Kosel ML, LaChance D, Eckel-Passow J, Jenkins R, Villanueva-Meyer J, Rice T, Wrensch M, Wiencke JK, Oberheim Bush NA, Taylor J, Butowski N, Prados M, Clarke J, Chang S, Chang E, Aghi M, Theodosopoulos P, McDermott M, Berger MS. Association of Maximal Extent of Resection of Contrast-Enhanced and Non-Contrast-Enhanced Tumor With Survival Within Molecular Subgroups of Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma. JAMA Oncol. 2020 Feb 06.
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  9. Pekmezci M, Phillips JJ, Dirilenoglu F, Atasever-Rezanko T, Tihan T, Solomon D, Bollen A, Perry A. Loss of H3K27 trimethylation by immunohistochemistry is frequent in oligodendroglioma, IDH-mutant and 1p/19q-codeleted, but is neither a sensitive nor a specific marker. Acta Neuropathol. 2020 03; 139(3):597-600.
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  10. Wong RA, Luo X, Lu M, An Z, Haas-Kogan DA, Phillips JJ, Shokat KM, Weiss WA, Fan QW. Cooperative Blockade of PKCa and JAK2 Drives Apoptosis in Glioblastoma. Cancer Res. 2020 02 15; 80(4):709-718.
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  11. Molinaro AM, Phillips JJ. EGFR amplification status for clinical trial inclusion: where do we draw the line? Neuro Oncol. 2019 10 09; 21(10):1215-1216.
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  12. Wang L, Babikir H, Müller S, Yagnik G, Shamardani K, Catalan F, Kohanbash G, Alvarado B, Di Lullo E, Kriegstein A, Shah S, Wadhwa H, Chang SM, Phillips JJ, Aghi MK, Diaz AA. The Phenotypes of Proliferating Glioblastoma Cells Reside on a Single Axis of Variation. Cancer Discov. 2019 12; 9(12):1708-1719.
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  13. Sloan EA, Cooney T, Oberheim Bush NA, Buerki R, Taylor J, Clarke JL, Torkildson J, Kline C, Reddy A, Mueller S, Banerjee A, Butowski N, Chang S, Mummaneni PV, Chou D, Tan L, Theodosopoulos P, McDermott M, Berger M, Raffel C, Gupta N, Sun PP, Li Y, Shah V, Cha S, Braunstein S, Raleigh DR, Samuel D, Scharnhorst D, Fata C, Guo H, Moes G, Kim JYH, Koschmann C, Van Ziffle J, Onodera C, Devine P, Grenert JP, Lee JC, Pekmezci M, Phillips JJ, Tihan T, Bollen AW, Perry A, Solomon DA. Recurrent non-canonical histone H3 mutations in spinal cord diffuse gliomas. Acta Neuropathol. 2019 11; 138(5):877-881.
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  14. McKinney A, Lindberg OR, Engler JR, Chen KY, Kumar A, Gong H, Lu KV, Simonds EF, Cloughesy TF, Liau LM, Prados M, Bollen AW, Berger MS, Shieh JTC, James CD, Nicolaides TP, Yong WH, Lai A, Hegi ME, Weiss WA, Phillips JJ. Mechanisms of Resistance to EGFR Inhibition Reveal Metabolic Vulnerabilities in Human GBM. Mol Cancer Ther. 2019 09; 18(9):1565-1576.
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  15. Huang M, Tailor J, Zhen Q, Gillmor AH, Miller ML, Weishaupt H, Chen J, Zheng T, Nash EK, McHenry LK, An Z, Ye F, Takashima Y, Clarke J, Ayetey H, Cavalli FMG, Luu B, Moriarity BS, Ilkhanizadeh S, Chavez L, Yu C, Kurian KM, Magnaldo T, Sevenet N, Koch P, Pollard SM, Dirks P, Snyder MP, Largaespada DA, Cho YJ, Phillips JJ, Swartling FJ, Morrissy AS, Kool M, Pfister SM, Taylor MD, Smith A, Weiss WA. Engineering Genetic Predisposition in Human Neuroepithelial Stem Cells Recapitulates Medulloblastoma Tumorigenesis. Cell Stem Cell. 2019 09 05; 25(3):433-446.e7.
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  16. Ferris SP, Velazquez Vega J, Aboian M, Lee JC, Van Ziffle J, Onodera C, Grenert JP, Saunders T, Chen YY, Banerjee A, Kline CN, Gupta N, Raffel C, Samuel D, Ruiz-Diaz I, Magaki S, Wilson D, Neltner J, Al-Hajri Z, Phillips JJ, Pekmezci M, Bollen AW, Tihan T, Schniederjan M, Cha S, Perry A, Solomon DA. High-grade neuroepithelial tumor with BCOR exon 15 internal tandem duplication-a comprehensive clinical, radiographic, pathologic, and genomic analysis. Brain Pathol. 2020 01; 30(1):46-62.
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  17. Mueller S, Jain P, Liang WS, Kilburn L, Kline C, Gupta N, Panditharatna E, Magge SN, Zhang B, Zhu Y, Crawford JR, Banerjee A, Nazemi K, Packer RJ, Petritsch CK, Truffaux N, Roos A, Nasser S, Phillips JJ, Solomon D, Molinaro A, Waanders AJ, Byron SA, Berens ME, Kuhn J, Nazarian J, Prados M, Resnick AC. A pilot precision medicine trial for children with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma-PNOC003: A report from the Pacific Pediatric Neuro-Oncology Consortium. Int J Cancer. 2019 10 01; 145(7):1889-1901.
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  18. Lee JC, Mazor T, Lao R, Wan E, Diallo AB, Hill NS, Thangaraj N, Wendelsdorf K, Samuel D, Kline CN, Banerjee A, Auguste K, Raffel C, Gupta N, Berger M, Raleigh DR, Shai A, Phillips JJ, Bollen AW, Tihan T, Perry A, Costello J, Solomon DA. Recurrent KBTBD4 small in-frame insertions and absence of DROSHA deletion or DICER1 mutation differentiate pineal parenchymal tumor of intermediate differentiation (PPTID) from pineoblastoma. Acta Neuropathol. 2019 05; 137(5):851-854.
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  19. Sabelström H, Quigley DA, Fenster T, Foster DJ, Fuchshuber CAM, Saxena S, Yuan E, Li N, Paterno F, Phillips JJ, James CD, Norling B, Berger MS, Persson AI. High density is a property of slow-cycling and treatment-resistant human glioblastoma cells. Exp Cell Res. 2019 05 01; 378(1):76-86.
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  20. Lal S, Carrera D, Phillips JJ, Weiss WA, Raffel C. An oncolytic measles virus-sensitive Group 3 medulloblastoma model in immune-competent mice. Neuro Oncol. 2018 11 12; 20(12):1606-1615.
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