University of California San Francisco
Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
Boris C. Bastian, MD, PhD

Boris C. Bastian, MD, PhD

Professor of Dermatology and Pathology, University of California, San Francisco
Gerson and Barbara Bass Bakar Distinguished Professor in Cancer Research, UCSF

Cancer Center Program Memberships

Cancer Genetics

Research Summary

I am a dermatologist and dermatopathologistwith expertise in diagnosing and treating patients with cutaneous neoplasms. I have expertise in molecular cancer genetics and molecular pathology and lead a research laboratory at the Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF). Since 1997 my research has focused on the molecular pathogenesis of melanoma and revealed the existence of distinct disease subtypes that differ in their underlying genetic alterations, epidemiology, anatomic distribution, clinical and microscopic appearance, evolution from precursor lesions, role of UV radiation, and cell of origin. The Bastian Lab also has contributed to the discovery of oncogenic alterations such as mutations in KIT, GNAQ, GNA11, HRAS, and a whole panel of oncogenic fusion genes of various receptor tyrosine and threonine kinases in various melanocytic neoplasms. I have developed clinical tests to assist pathologists with the diagnosis of histologically ambiguous lesions, which have been adopted word-wide. I have proposed a two-dimensional taxonomy of melanocytic neoplasia that has been adopted as the framework for the revised WHO Classification of Skin Tumors. I founded and direct the Clinical Cancer Genomics Laboratory at UCSF, which performs genomic analyses of tumor samples of patients seen at the UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center and have additional clinical responsibilities in the in the Dermatopathology Section of the Departments of Dermatology and Pathology.

Education

Humboldt-Gymnasium, Solingen, Germany, Baccalaureate, 1980
University of Munich, Germany, M.D., 1988, Medicine
University of Munich, Germany, Dr. med., 1989, Laboratory Medicine
University of Wurzburg, Germany, Residency, 1994, Dermatology
University of California, San Francisco, Postdoctoral, 1999, Cancer Genetics


Professional Experience

  • 1986-1989
    Dissertation 'Development and Characterization of an enzymatic assay for human pancreatic phospholipase A2'
  • 1988-89
    Fellowship, Dept. of Hematology, Ludwig-Maximilian-University, Munich, Germany
  • 1989-1994
    Residency, Dermatology, Dept. of Dermatology, University of Würzburg, Germany
  • 1993
    German board certification for Dermatology
  • 1995
    German board certification Allergy and Immunology
  • 1994-1997
    Attending Physician, Dept. of Dermatology, University of Würzburg, Germany
  • 1995-1997
    Director of the Dermatopathology Section, Dept. of Dermatology, University of Würzburg, Germany
  • 1997-1999
    Postdoctoral Fellowship, Cancer Genetics Group, Cancer Center at UCSF
  • 1999-2002
    Assistant Clinical Professor, Dept. of Dermatology and Pathology, UCSF
  • 2002-2004
    Assistant Professor in Residence, Department of Dermatology and Assistant Clinical Professor, Department of Pathology, UCSF
  • 7/2004-2008
    Associate Professor in Residence, Department of Dermatology and Associate Clinical Professor, Department of Pathology, UCSF
  • 7/2008
    Professor in Residence, Department of Dermatology and Clinical Professor, Department of Pathology, UCSF
  • 9/2008
    Leader, Cutaneous Oncology Program, UCSF
  • 4/2010-8/11
    Chairman, Department of Pathology, and Member, Human Oncology and Pathogenesis Program, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
  • 9/2011-present
    Professor of Dermatology and Pathology, University of California, San Francisco

Honors & Awards

  • 1995
    Graduate Stipend of the Novartis Foundation for Therapeutic Research
  • 1997
    Habilitandenstipendium of the German Research Society (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft)
  • 2000
    American Melanoma Foundation Research Award
  • 2001
    American Skin Association Research Scientist Development Award
  • 2005
    Hermann Pinkus Lectureship and Award, American Society of Dermatopathology
  • 2006
    Stewart Trust Award
  • 2007
    Melanoma Research Foundation Individual Investigator Award
  • 2008
    Abby S. and Howard P. Milstein Innovation Award for Skin Cancer Research, American Skin Association
  • 2011-2013
    President, Society of Melanoma Research
  • 2011
    German National Academy of Science (Leopoldina)
  • 2012
    Helwig Award, American Society of Dermatopathology
  • 2012
    Scientific Leadership Award, Melanoma Research Foundation
  • 2014
    Lifetime Achievement Award, Society of Melanoma Research
  • 2015
    Stein Innovation Award, Research to Prevent Blindness
  • 2016
    Research Achievement Award in Melanoma and Skin Cancer Research, American Skin Association
  • 2017
    Lila and Murray Gruber Memorial Cancer Research Award, American Academy of Dermatology
  • 2017
    NCI Outstanding Investigator Award

Selected Publications

  1. Shain AH, Bagger MM, Yu R, Chang D, Liu S, Vemula S, Weier JF, Wadt K, Heegaard S, Bastian BC, Kiilgaard JF. The genetic evolution of metastatic uveal melanoma. Nat Genet. 2019 Jul; 51(7):1123-1130.
    View on PubMed
  2. Yeh I, Busam KJ, McCalmont TH, LeBoit PE, Pissaloux D, Alberti L, de la Fouchardière A, Bastian BC. Filigree-like Rete Ridges, Lobulated Nests, Rosette-like Structures, and Exaggerated Maturation Characterize Spitz Tumors With NTRK1 Fusion. Am J Surg Pathol. 2019 Jun; 43(6):737-746.
    View on PubMed
  3. Afshar AR, Damato BE, Stewart JM, Zablotska LB, Roy R, Olshen AB, Joseph NM, Bastian BC. Next-Generation Sequencing of Uveal Melanoma for Detection of Genetic Alterations Predicting Metastasis. Transl Vis Sci Technol. 2019 Mar; 8(2):18.
    View on PubMed
  4. Burbidge TE, Bastian BC, Guo D, Li H, Morris DG, Monzon JG, Leung G, Yang H, Cheng T. Association of Indoor Tanning Exposure with Age at Melanoma Diagnosis and BRAF V600E Mutations. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2019 Mar 28.
    View on PubMed
  5. Wong K, van der Weyden L, Schott CR, Foote A, Constantino-Casas F, Smith S, Dobson JM, Murchison EP, Wu H, Yeh I, Fullen DR, Joseph N, Bastian BC, Patel RM, Martincorena I, Robles-Espinoza CD, Iyer V, Kuijjer ML, Arends MJ, Brenn T, Harms PW, Wood GA, Adams DJ. Cross-species genomic landscape comparison of human mucosal melanoma with canine oral and equine melanoma. Nat Commun. 2019 01 21; 10(1):353.
    View on PubMed
  6. Yeh I, Jorgenson E, Shen L, Xu M, North JP, Shain AH, Reuss D, Wu H, Robinson WA, Olshen A, von Deimling A, Kwok PY, Bastian BC, Asgari MM. Targeted genomic profiling of acral melanoma. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2019 Jan 18.
    View on PubMed
  7. Phillips JJ, Gong H, Chen K, Joseph NM, van Ziffle J, Bastian BC, Grenert JP, Kline CN, Mueller S, Banerjee A, Nicolaides T, Gupta N, Berger MS, Lee HS, Pekmezci M, Tihan T, Bollen AW, Perry A, Shieh JTC, Solomon DA. The genetic landscape of anaplastic pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma. Brain Pathol. 2019 01; 29(1):85-96.
    View on PubMed
  8. Ablain J, Xu M, Rothschild H, Jordan RC, Mito JK, Daniels BH, Bell CF, Joseph NM, Wu H, Bastian BC, Zon LI, Yeh I. Human tumor genomics and zebrafish modeling identify SPRED1 loss as a driver of mucosal melanoma. Science. 2018 Nov 30; 362(6418):1055-1060.
    View on PubMed
  9. Webster JD, Pham TH, Wu X, Hughes NW, Li Z, Totpal K, Lee HJ, Calses PC, Chaurushiya MS, Stawiski EW, Modrusan Z, Chang MT, Tran C, Lee WP, Chalasani S, Hung J, Sharma N, Chan S, Hotzel K, Talevich E, Shain A, Xu M, Lill J, Dixit VM, Bastian BC, Dey A. The tumor suppressor BAP1 cooperates with BRAFV600E to promote tumor formation in cutaneous melanoma. Pigment Cell Melanoma Res. 2019 Mar; 32(2):269-279.
    View on PubMed
  10. Lee J, Putnam AR, Chesier SH, Banerjee A, Raffel C, Van Ziffle J, Onodera C, Grenert JP, Bastian BC, Perry A, Solomon DA. Oligodendrogliomas, IDH-mutant and 1p/19q-codeleted, arising during teenage years often lack TERT promoter mutation that is typical of their adult counterparts. Acta Neuropathol Commun. 2018 09 19; 6(1):95.
    View on PubMed
  11. López GY, Van Ziffle J, Onodera C, Grenert JP, Yeh I, Bastian BC, Clarke J, Oberheim Bush NA, Taylor J, Chang S, Butowski N, Banerjee A, Mueller S, Kline C, Torkildson J, Samuel D, Siongco A, Raffel C, Gupta N, Kunwar S, Mummaneni P, Aghi M, Theodosopoulos P, Berger M, Phillips JJ, Pekmezci M, Tihan T, Bollen AW, Perry A, Solomon DA. The genetic landscape of gliomas arising after therapeutic radiation. Acta Neuropathol. 2019 Jan; 137(1):139-150.
    View on PubMed
  12. Stevers M, Rabban JT, Garg K, Van Ziffle J, Onodera C, Grenert JP, Yeh I, Bastian BC, Zaloudek C, Solomon DA. Well-differentiated papillary mesothelioma of the peritoneum is genetically defined by mutually exclusive mutations in TRAF7 and CDC42. Mod Pathol. 2019 Jan; 32(1):88-99.
    View on PubMed
  13. Solomon DA, Korshunov A, Sill M, Jones DTW, Kool M, Pfister SM, Fan X, Bannykh S, Hu J, Danielpour M, Li R, Johnston J, Cham E, Cooney T, Sun PP, Oberheim Bush NA, McDermott M, Van Ziffle J, Onodera C, Grenert JP, Bastian BC, Villanueva-Meyer JE, Pekmezci M, Bollen AW, Perry A. Myxoid glioneuronal tumor of the septum pellucidum and lateral ventricle is defined by a recurrent PDGFRA p.K385 mutation and DNT-like methylation profile. Acta Neuropathol. 2018 Aug; 136(2):339-343.
    View on PubMed
  14. Zeng H, Jorapur A, Shain AH, Lang UE, Torres R, Zhang Y, McNeal AS, Botton T, Lin J, Donne M, Bastian IN, Yu R, North JP, Pincus L, Ruben BS, Joseph NM, Yeh I, Bastian BC, Judson RL. Bi-allelic Loss of CDKN2A Initiates Melanoma Invasion via BRN2 Activation. Cancer Cell. 2018 07 09; 34(1):56-68.e9.
    View on PubMed
  15. Shain AH, Joseph NM, Yu R, Benhamida J, Liu S, Prow T, Ruben B, North J, Pincus L, Yeh I, Judson R, Bastian BC. Genomic and Transcriptomic Analysis Reveals Incremental Disruption of Key Signaling Pathways during Melanoma Evolution. Cancer Cell. 2018 07 09; 34(1):45-55.e4.
    View on PubMed
  16. Pekmezci M, Villanueva-Meyer JE, Goode B, Van Ziffle J, Onodera C, Grenert JP, Bastian BC, Chamyan G, Maher OM, Khatib Z, Kleinschmidt-DeMasters BK, Samuel D, Mueller S, Banerjee A, Clarke JL, Cooney T, Torkildson J, Gupta N, Theodosopoulos P, Chang EF, Berger M, Bollen AW, Perry A, Tihan T, Solomon DA. The genetic landscape of ganglioglioma. Acta Neuropathol Commun. 2018 06 07; 6(1):47.
    View on PubMed
  17. Goode B, Mondal G, Hyun M, Ruiz DG, Lin YH, Van Ziffle J, Joseph NM, Onodera C, Talevich E, Grenert JP, Hewedi IH, Snuderl M, Brat DJ, Kleinschmidt-DeMasters BK, Rodriguez FJ, Louis DN, Yong WH, Lopes MB, Rosenblum MK, Butowski N, Tihan T, Bollen AW, Phillips JJ, Wiita AP, Yeh I, Jacobson MP, Bastian BC, Perry A, Solomon DA. A recurrent kinase domain mutation in PRKCA defines chordoid glioma of the third ventricle. Nat Commun. 2018 02 23; 9(1):810.
    View on PubMed
  18. Iorgulescu JB, Van Ziffle J, Stevers M, Grenert JP, Bastian BC, Chavez L, Stichel D, Buchhalter I, Samuel D, Nicolaides T, Banerjee A, Mueller S, Gupta N, Tihan T, Bollen AW, Northcott PA, Kool M, Pfister S, Korshunov A, Perry A, Solomon DA. Deep sequencing of WNT-activated medulloblastomas reveals secondary SHH pathway activation. Acta Neuropathol. 2018 04; 135(4):635-638.
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  19. Pekmezci M, Stevers M, Phillips JJ, Van Ziffle J, Bastian BC, Tsankova NM, Kleinschmidt-DeMasters BK, Rosenblum MK, Tihan T, Perry A, Solomon DA. Multinodular and vacuolating neuronal tumor of the cerebrum is a clonal neoplasm defined by genetic alterations that activate the MAP kinase signaling pathway. Acta Neuropathol. 2018 03; 135(3):485-488.
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  20. Goode B, Joseph NM, Stevers M, Van Ziffle J, Onodera C, Talevich E, Grenert JP, Yeh I, Bastian BC, Phillips JJ, Garg K, Rabban JT, Zaloudek C, Solomon DA. Adenomatoid tumors of the male and female genital tract are defined by TRAF7 mutations that drive aberrant NF-kB pathway activation. Mod Pathol. 2018 04; 31(4):660-673.
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