University of California San Francisco
Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
Martin Kampmann, PhD

Martin Kampmann, PhD

Assistant Professor, Institute for Neurodegenerative Diseases, UCSF

Cancer Center Program Memberships

Cancer Genetics

Research Summary

The focus of my research group is the protein homeostasis network, a network of over 1,000 different factors in human cells that maintain the proteome in a functional and balanced state. Our goal is to understand how this network functions, and how it is challenged and rewired in disease states, in particular cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. Our functional genomics platform enables us to elucidate dynamic networks and to pinpoint nodes that are potential therapeutic targets. Using biochemistry, biophysics and cell biology, we then "zoom in" on individual nodes of the network to reveal their mechanism of action.

As a postdoctoral scholar in Jonathan Weissman’s lab at UCSF, I spearheaded the development of a functional genomics platform for robust genome-wide screens and genetic interaction maps in mammalian cells (see section C.2 below). Very recently, we have enhanced this platform by developing CRISPR-based technologies enabling both loss-of-function and gain-of-function screens in mammalian cells (see section C.3 below). I am confident that our functional genomics approach will have a particularly high impact in its application to elucidate cancer-relevant cellular pathways. We have successfully used this approach to identify cellular factors that control the sensitivity of cancer cells to drugs (see section C.4 below). This approach can identify biomarkers predictive of clinical responses, predict possible mechanisms of drug resistance, and guide the development of combination therapies.

Education

Marburg University, Germany, Pre-diploma, 06/00, Human Biology
Cambridge University, UK, B.A. (M.A.), First Class Honours, 06/03, Biochemistry
The Rockefeller University, Ph.D., 06/09, Biological Sciences (Cell Biology, Biophysics)
University of California, San Francisco, Postdoctoral Fellow, 07/15, Systems Biology


Professional Experience

  • 2010-2015
    Postdoctoral Fellow, University of California, San Francisco
  • 2015-present
    Assistant Professor, University of California, San Francisco

Honors & Awards

  • 2017
    Named to first cohort of Chan Zuckerberg Biohub Investigators
  • 2016
    Innovative Research Grant,
    Stand Up To Cancer
  • 2015
    New Innovator Award, NIH
  • 2015
    Allen Distinguished Investigator Award, Paul G. Allen Family Foundation
  • 2014
    Pathway to Independence Award (K99/R00), NIH
  • 2012
    Finalist, Deloitte QB3 Award for Innovation, California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences
  • 2012
    PBBR Postdoctoral Research Fellowship, Program for Breakthrough Biomedical Research, UCSF
  • 2010
    Postdoctoral Fellowship, Jane Coffin Childs Memorial Fund
  • 2006
    David Rockefeller Fellowship, The Rockefeller University
  • 2003
    Predoctoral Fellowship, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Selected Publications

  1. Torres SE, Gallagher CM, Plate L, Gupta M, Liem CR, Guo X, Tian R, Stroud RM, Kampmann M, Weissman JS, Walter P. Ceapins block the unfolded protein response sensor ATF6a by inducing a neomorphic inter-organelle tether. Elife. 2019 May 31; 8.
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  2. Piccolis M, Bond LM, Kampmann M, Pulimeno P, Chitraju C, Jayson CBK, Vaites LP, Boland S, Lai ZW, Gabriel KR, Elliott SD, Paulo JA, Harper JW, Weissman JS, Walther TC, Farese RV. Probing the Global Cellular Responses to Lipotoxicity Caused by Saturated Fatty Acids. Mol Cell. 2019 Apr 04; 74(1):32-44.e8.
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  3. Zhang YJ, Guo L, Gonzales PK, Gendron TF, Wu Y, Jansen-West K, O'Raw AD, Pickles SR, Prudencio M, Carlomagno Y, Gachechiladze MA, Ludwig C, Tian R, Chew J, DeTure M, Lin WL, Tong J, Daughrity LM, Yue M, Song Y, Andersen JW, Castanedes-Casey M, Kurti A, Datta A, Antognetti G, McCampbell A, Rademakers R, Oskarsson B, Dickson DW, Kampmann M, Ward ME, Fryer JD, Link CD, Shorter J, Petrucelli L. Heterochromatin anomalies and double-stranded RNA accumulation underlie C9orf72 poly(PR) toxicity. Science. 2019 02 15; 363(6428).
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  4. Poulard C, Kim HN, Fang M, Kruth K, Gagnieux C, Gerke DS, Bhojwani D, Kim YM, Kampmann M, Stallcup MR, Pufall MA. Relapse-associated AURKB blunts the glucocorticoid sensitivity of B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2019 02 19; 116(8):3052-3061.
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  5. Mendelsohn BA, Bennett NK, Darch MA, Yu K, Nguyen MK, Pucciarelli D, Nelson M, Horlbeck MA, Gilbert LA, Hyun W, Kampmann M, Nakamura JL, Nakamura K. A high-throughput screen of real-time ATP levels in individual cells reveals mechanisms of energy failure. PLoS Biol. 2018 Aug; 16(8):e2004624.
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  6. Willsey AJ, Morris MT, Wang S, Willsey HR, Sun N, Teerikorpi N, Baum TB, Cagney G, Bender KJ, Desai TA, Srivastava D, Davis GW, Doudna J, Chang E, Sohal V, Lowenstein DH, Li H, Agard D, Keiser MJ, Shoichet B, von Zastrow M, Mucke L, Finkbeiner S, Gan L, Sestan N, Ward ME, Huttenhain R, Nowakowski TJ, Bellen HJ, Frank LM, Khokha MK, Lifton RP, Kampmann M, Ideker T, State MW, Krogan NJ. The Psychiatric Cell Map Initiative: A Convergent Systems Biological Approach to Illuminating Key Molecular Pathways in Neuropsychiatric Disorders. Cell. 2018 Jul 26; 174(3):505-520.
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  7. Mavor D, Barlow KA, Asarnow D, Birman Y, Britain D, Chen W, Green EM, Kenner LR, Mensa B, Morinishi LS, Nelson CA, Poss EM, Suresh P, Tian R, Arhar T, Ary BE, Bauer DP, Bergman ID, Brunetti RM, Chio CM, Dai SA, Dickinson MS, Elledge SK, Helsell CVM, Hendel NL, Kang E, Kern N, Khoroshkin MS, Kirkemo LL, Lewis GR, Lou K, Marin WM, Maxwell AM, McTigue PF, Myers-Turnbull D, Nagy TL, Natale AM, Oltion K, Pourmal S, Reder GK, Rettko NJ, Rohweder PJ, Schwarz DMC, Tan SK, Thomas PV, Tibble RW, Town JP, Tsai MK, Ugur FS, Wassarman DR, Wolff AM, Wu TS, Bogdanoff D, Li J, Thorn KS, O'Conchúir S, Swaney DL, Chow ED, Madhani HD, Redding S, Bolon DN, Kortemme T, DeRisi JL, Kampmann M, Fraser JS. Extending chemical perturbations of the ubiquitin fitness landscape in a classroom setting reveals new constraints on sequence tolerance. Biol Open. 2018 Jul 23; 7(7).
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  8. Horlbeck MA, Xu A, Wang M, Bennett NK, Park CY, Bogdanoff D, Adamson B, Chow ED, Kampmann M, Peterson TR, Nakamura K, Fischbach MA, Weissman JS, Gilbert LA. Mapping the Genetic Landscape of Human Cells. Cell. 2018 Aug 09; 174(4):953-967.e22.
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  9. Rauch JN, Chen JJ, Sorum AW, Miller GM, Sharf T, See SK, Hsieh-Wilson LC, Kampmann M, Kosik KS. Tau Internalization is Regulated by 6-O Sulfation on Heparan Sulfate Proteoglycans (HSPGs). Sci Rep. 2018 Apr 23; 8(1):6382.
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  10. Ramkumar P, Kampmann M. CRISPR-based genetic interaction maps inform therapeutic strategies in cancer. Transl Cancer Res. 2018 Feb; 7(Suppl 1):S61-S67.
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  11. Boettcher M, Tian R, Blau JA, Markegard E, Wagner RT, Wu D, Mo X, Biton A, Zaitlen N, Fu H, McCormick F, Kampmann M, McManus MT. Dual gene activation and knockout screen reveals directional dependencies in genetic networks. Nat Biotechnol. 2018 02; 36(2):170-178.
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  12. Kampmann M. CRISPRi and CRISPRa Screens in Mammalian Cells for Precision Biology and Medicine. ACS Chem Biol. 2018 02 16; 13(2):406-416.
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  13. Jost M, Chen Y, Gilbert LA, Horlbeck MA, Krenning L, Menchon G, Rai A, Cho MY, Stern JJ, Prota AE, Kampmann M, Akhmanova A, Steinmetz MO, Tanenbaum ME, Weissman JS. Combined CRISPRi/a-Based Chemical Genetic Screens Reveal that Rigosertib Is a Microtubule-Destabilizing Agent. Mol Cell. 2017 Oct 05; 68(1):210-223.e6.
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  14. Nagy T, Kampmann M. CRISPulator: a discrete simulation tool for pooled genetic screens. BMC Bioinformatics. 2017 Jul 21; 18(1):347.
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  15. Kampmann M. Elucidating drug targets and mechanisms of action by genetic screens in mammalian cells. Chem Commun (Camb). 2017 Jun 29; 53(53):7162-7167.
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  16. Kampmann M. A CRISPR Approach to Neurodegenerative Diseases. Trends Mol Med. 2017 06; 23(6):483-485.
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  17. Kruth KA, Fang M, Shelton DN, Abu-Halawa O, Mahling R, Yang H, Weissman JS, Loh ML, Müschen M, Tasian SK, Bassik MC, Kampmann M, Pufall MA. Suppression of B-cell development genes is key to glucocorticoid efficacy in treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Blood. 2017 06 01; 129(22):3000-3008.
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  18. Besnard E, Hakre S, Kampmann M, Lim HW, Hosmane NN, Martin A, Bassik MC, Verschueren E, Battivelli E, Chan J, Svensson JP, Gramatica A, Conrad RJ, Ott M, Greene WC, Krogan NJ, Siliciano RF, Weissman JS, Verdin E. The mTOR Complex Controls HIV Latency. Cell Host Microbe. 2016 Dec 14; 20(6):785-797.
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  19. Horlbeck MA, Gilbert LA, Villalta JE, Adamson B, Pak RA, Chen Y, Fields AP, Park CY, Corn JE, Kampmann M, Weissman JS. Compact and highly active next-generation libraries for CRISPR-mediated gene repression and activation. Elife. 2016 09 23; 5.
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  20. Deans RM, Morgens DW, Ökesli A, Pillay S, Horlbeck MA, Kampmann M, Gilbert LA, Li A, Mateo R, Smith M, Glenn JS, Carette JE, Khosla C, Bassik MC. Parallel shRNA and CRISPR-Cas9 screens enable antiviral drug target identification. Nat Chem Biol. 2016 May; 12(5):361-6.
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