University of California San Francisco
Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
Kathleen Giacomini, PhD

Kathleen Giacomini, PhD

Professor and Co-Chair, Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences; Professor, Departments of Biopharmaceutical Sciences, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, and Cellular & Molecular Pharmacology, UCSF

Cancer Center Program Memberships

Cancer Genetics

Research Summary

I am a world-renowned pharmacologist with many years of research experience particularly focused on transporter biology and pharmacogenomics. My research is focused on influx transporters, especially influx transporters involved in drug disposition and targeting. In the early 2000s, we began a comprehensive research program focused on the pharmacogenomics of membrane transporters. We published many papers ranging from functional genomics of transporter polymorphisms to clinical studies elucidating the role of transporter polymorphisms on clinical drug response. Our NIH-funded center, the Pharmacogenomics of Membrane Transporters Center, part of the NIH Pharmacogenomics Research Network, is widely recognized as the leading research unit in the world for the discovery, functional characterization and clinical relevance of polymorphisms in drug transporters. We have been leaders in the field of human genetic studies focused on metformin with a particular emphasis on membrane transporters.

Most recently, I am a co-Director of a FDA grant to establish a Center with education, exchange, and collaborative research programs that will greatly advance the ability of the FDA to evaluate and approve safe and effective drugs. This is a collaborative program between Stanford and UCSF that will develop quantitative and computer-based methods for the evaluation of new drug products. Importantly, research will focus on issues of bioequivalence between generic drug products including metformin tablets.

Education

University of Houston, Houston, TX, B.S., 1973, Pharmacy
State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, Ph.D., 1979, Pharmaceutical Sciences
Stanford University, Stanford, CA, Postdoc, 1979-81, Pharmacology /Clinical Pharmacology

Honors & Awards

  • 1973
    Rho Chi, Honorary Pharmacy Fraternity
  • 1983-84
    Long Foundation Award for Excellence in Teaching, School of Pharmacy, UCSF
  • 1984-85
    UCSF Nominee, Recognition Award for Young Scholars, American Association of University Women
  • 1985-86
    Distinguished Teaching Award, UCSF, Academic Senate
  • 1990
    Leon Goldberg Young Investigator Award, American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
  • 1990-94
    Member of Pharmacological Science Review Committee; National Institutes of Health (GM)
  • 1990-94
    Member of Generic Drugs Advisory Committee; Food and Drug Administration
  • 1992
    Recipient, Fogarty International Fellowship; National Institutes of Health
  • 1993
    Elected Fellow, American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists
  • 1994
    UCSF, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Award for the Advancement of Women and Minorities
  • 1996-97
    Vice President, American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
  • 1996-97
    UCSF, Chancellor's Award for the Advancement of Women
  • 1999
    Recognition Award for Distinguished Achievement of Filipino at UCSF
  • 1999
    International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP), Pharmaceutical Scientist of the Year
  • 2001
    Elected Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • 2002
    Distinguished Bill Abram's Lectureship (FDA)
  • 2002
    First Distinguished Gerhard Levy Lectureship (SUNY Buffalo)
  • 2002
    Speaker: State Legislative Presentation 'The Impact of the Human Genome Pronect on Drug Development and Use: Tailoring Drugs to Individuals'
  • 2005
    Paul Dawson Biotechnology Award, American Association of College of Pharmacy
  • 2006
    Distinguished Scientist in Drug Metabolism, American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists
  • 2006
    Elected Member, Institute of Medicine
  • 2007
    International Pharmaceutical Sciences World Congress (PSWC) Research Achievement Award
  • 2007
    International Woman Scientist Award, Academy of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technology, Japan
  • 2008
    Japan Society for the Promotion of Sciences (JSPS) Invitation Fellowship Program for Research in Japan
  • 2009
    Rawls-Palmer Progress in Medicine Award, American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (ASCPT)
  • 2009
    UCSF Postdoctoral Scholars Association Outstanding Mentor Award
  • 2010
    American College of Clinical Pharmacy Therapeutic Frontiers Lecture Award
  • 2011
    Scheele Award, Swedish Academy of Pharmaceutical Sciences

Selected Publications

  1. Wilson JL, Cheung KWK, Lin L, Green EAE, Porrás AI, Zou L, Mukanga D, Akpa PA, Darko DM, Yuan R, Ding S, Johnson WCN, Lee HA, Cooke E, Peck CC, Kern SE, Hartman D, Hayashi Y, Marks PW, Altman RB, Lumpkin MM, Giacomini KM, Blaschke TF. Scientific considerations for global drug development. Sci Transl Med. 2020 Jul 29; 12(554).
    View on PubMed
  2. Pottel J, Armstrong D, Zou L, Fekete A, Huang XP, Torosyan H, Bednarczyk D, Whitebread S, Bhhatarai B, Liang G, Jin H, Ghaemi SN, Slocum S, Lukacs KV, Irwin JJ, Berg EL, Giacomini KM, Roth BL, Shoichet BK, Urban L. The activities of drug inactive ingredients on biological targets. Science. 2020 07 24; 369(6502):403-413.
    View on PubMed
  3. Lin L, Lemieux GA, Enogieru OJ, Giacomini KM, Ashrafi K. Neural production of kynurenic acid in Caenorhabditis elegans requires the AAT-1 transporter. Genes Dev. 2020 Jul 16.
    View on PubMed
  4. van der Graaf PH, Giacomini KM. COVID-19: A Defining Moment for Clinical Pharmacology? Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2020 07; 108(1):11-15.
    View on PubMed
  5. Zou L, Spanogiannopoulos P, Pieper LM, Chien HC, Cai W, Khuri N, Pottel J, Vora B, Ni Z, Tsakalozou E, Zhang W, Shoichet BK, Giacomini KM, Turnbaugh PJ. Bacterial metabolism rescues the inhibition of intestinal drug absorption by food and drug additives. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2020 07 07; 117(27):16009-16018.
    View on PubMed
  6. Shahin MH, Giacomini KM. Oral Anticoagulants and Precision Medicine: Something Old, Something New. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2020 Jun; 107(6):1273-1277.
    View on PubMed
  7. Giacomini KM. Novel Technologies Enable Mechanistic Understanding and Modeling of Drug Exposure and Response. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2020 May; 107(5):1045-1047.
    View on PubMed
  8. Chang YC, Wu JT, Hong MY, Tung YA, Hsieh PH, Yee SW, Giacomini KM, Oyang YJ, Chen CY. GenEpi: gene-based epistasis discovery using machine learning. BMC Bioinformatics. 2020 Feb 24; 21(1):68.
    View on PubMed
  9. Zou L, Pottel J, Khuri N, Ngo HX, Ni Z, Tsakalozou E, Warren MS, Huang Y, Shoichet BK, Giacomini KM. Interactions of Oral Molecular Excipients with Breast Cancer Resistance Protein, BCRP. Mol Pharm. 2020 03 02; 17(3):748-756.
    View on PubMed
  10. van der Graaf PH, Giacomini KM. Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics 2030. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2020 01; 107(1):13-16.
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  11. Vora B, Green EAE, Khuri N, Ballgren F, Sirota M, Giacomini KM. Drug-nutrient interactions: discovering prescription drug inhibitors of the thiamine transporter ThTR-2 (SLC19A3). Am J Clin Nutr. 2020 01 01; 111(1):110-121.
    View on PubMed
  12. Yee SW, Do TP, Huang SM, Krauss RM, Kusuhara H, Sugiyama Y, Unadkat JD, Giacomini KM. Expanding Precompetitive Multisector Collaborations to Advance Drug Development and Pharmacogenomics. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2020 01; 107(1):96-101.
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  13. Chenoweth MJ, Giacomini KM, Pirmohamed M, Hill SL, van Schaik RHN, Schwab M, Shuldiner AR, Relling MV, Tyndale RF. Global Pharmacogenomics Within Precision Medicine: Challenges and Opportunities. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2020 01; 107(1):57-61.
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  14. Yee SW, Stecula A, Chien HC, Zou L, Feofanova EV, van Borselen M, Cheung KWK, Yousri NA, Suhre K, Kinchen JM, Boerwinkle E, Irannejad R, Yu B, Giacomini KM. Unraveling the functional role of the orphan solute carrier, SLC22A24 in the transport of steroid conjugates through metabolomic and genome-wide association studies. PLoS Genet. 2019 09; 15(9):e1008208.
    View on PubMed
  15. Lang S, Hilsabeck TA, Wilson KA, Sharma A, Bose N, Brackman DJ, Beck JN, Chen L, Watson MA, Killilea DW, Ho S, Kahn A, Giacomini K, Stoller ML, Chi T, Kapahi P. A conserved role of the insulin-like signaling pathway in diet-dependent uric acid pathologies in Drosophila melanogaster. PLoS Genet. 2019 08; 15(8):e1008318.
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  16. Cheung KWK, van Groen BD, Spaans E, van Borselen MD, de Bruijn ACJM, Simons-Oosterhuis Y, Tibboel D, Samsom JN, Verdijk RM, Smeets B, Zhang L, Huang SM, Giacomini KM, de Wildt SN. A Comprehensive Analysis of Ontogeny of Renal Drug Transporters: mRNA Analyses, Quantitative Proteomics, and Localization. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2019 11; 106(5):1083-1092.
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  17. Hall C, Wolfe H, Wells A, Chien HC, Colas C, Schlessinger A, Giacomini KM, Thomas AA. l-Type amino acid transporter 1 activity of 1,2,3-triazolyl analogs of l-histidine and l-tryptophan. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2019 08 15; 29(16):2254-2258.
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  18. Brackman DJ, Yee SW, Enogieru OJ, Shaffer C, Ranatunga D, Denny JC, Wei WQ, Kamatani Y, Kubo M, Roden DM, Jorgenson E, Giacomini KM. Genome-Wide Association and Functional Studies Reveal Novel Pharmacological Mechanisms for Allopurinol. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2019 09; 106(3):623-631.
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  19. Enogieru OJ, Ung PMU, Yee SW, Schlessinger A, Giacomini KM. Functional and structural analysis of rare SLC2A2 variants associated with Fanconi-Bickel syndrome and metabolic traits. Hum Mutat. 2019 07; 40(7):983-995.
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  20. Yee SW, Giacomini MM, Shen H, Humphreys WG, Horng H, Brian W, Lai Y, Kroetz DL, Giacomini KM. Organic Anion Transporter Polypeptide 1B1 Polymorphism Modulates the Extent of Drug-Drug Interaction and Associated Biomarker Levels in Healthy Volunteers. Clin Transl Sci. 2019 07; 12(4):388-399.
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