University of California San Francisco
Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
Aaron Tward, MD, PhD

Aaron Tward, MD, PhD

Assistant Professor in Residence, Dept. of Otolaryngology, UCSF

Cancer Center Program Memberships

Cancer Genetics

Research Summary

Aaron D. Tward M.D., Ph.D., is a board-certified, fellowship-trained surgeon who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the ear and skull base.

Dr. Tward has particular clinical interests in cochlear implantation, management of benign and malignant tumors of the skull base including acoustic neuroma (vestibular schwannoma), surgery for chronic otitis media, stapedectomy, superior semi-circular canal dehiscence repair, and endoscopic surgery of the ear and skull base.

Dr. Tward’s research interests include tumor biology, the genetics and genomics of disorders of the head and neck, and clinical outcomes of surgery of the ear and skull base.

Education

UCLA, B.S., 06/99, Microbiology and Molecular Genetics
UCLA, M.A., 06/99, Microbiology and Molecular Genetics
UCSF School of Medicine, Ph.D., 06/05, Biomedical Sciences
UCSF School of Medicine, M.D., 06/07, Medicine Brigham and Women's Hospital
Harvard Medical School Internship, 06/08, General Surgery


Professional Experience

  • 2012
    Harvard Otolaryngology Residency Program, Harvard Medical School, Resident, Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • 2014
    Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Fellow, Neurotology - Skull Base Surgery
  • 2014-present
    Assistant Professor in Residence, Dept. of Otolaryngology, UCSF

Selected Publications

  1. Adams CR, Htwe HH, Marsh T, Wang AL, Montoya ML, Subbaraj L, Tward AD, Bardeesy N, Perera RM. Transcriptional control of subtype switching ensures adaptation and growth of pancreatic cancer. Elife. 2019 May 28; 8.
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  2. Dahlgren MW, Jones SW, Cautivo KM, Dubinin A, Ortiz-Carpena JF, Farhat S, Yu KS, Lee K, Wang C, Molofsky AV, Tward AD, Krummel MF, Peng T, Molofsky AB. Adventitial Stromal Cells Define Group 2 Innate Lymphoid Cell Tissue Niches. Immunity. 2019 Mar 19; 50(3):707-722.e6.
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  3. Chari DA, Frumm SM, Akil O, Tward AD. Cellular Dynamics in Early Healing of Mouse Tympanic Membranes. Otol Neurotol. 2019 Feb; 40(2):e160-e166.
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  4. Breshears JD, Chang J, Molinaro AM, Sneed PK, McDermott MW, Tward A, Theodosopoulos PV. Temporal Dynamics of Pseudoprogression After Gamma Knife Radiosurgery for Vestibular Schwannomas-A Retrospective Volumetric Study. Neurosurgery. 2019 Jan 01; 84(1):123-131.
    View on PubMed
  5. Chang J, Breshears JD, Molinaro AM, Sneed PK, McDermott MW, Theodosopoulos PV, Tward AD. Impact of pretreatment growth on Tumor control for vestibular schwannomas following gamma knife. Laryngoscope. 2019 Mar; 129(3):743-747.
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  6. Byrnes LE, Wong DM, Subramaniam M, Meyer NP, Gilchrist CL, Knox SM, Tward AD, Ye CJ, Sneddon JB. Lineage dynamics of murine pancreatic development at single-cell resolution. Nat Commun. 2018 09 25; 9(1):3922.
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  7. Sanchez-Vega F, Mina M, Armenia J, Chatila WK, Luna A, La KC, Dimitriadoy S, Liu DL, Kantheti HS, Saghafinia S, Chakravarty D, Daian F, Gao Q, Bailey MH, Liang WW, Foltz SM, Shmulevich I, Ding L, Heins Z, Ochoa A, Gross B, Gao J, Zhang H, Kundra R, Kandoth C, Bahceci I, Dervishi L, Dogrusoz U, Zhou W, Shen H, Laird PW, Way GP, Greene CS, Liang H, Xiao Y, Wang C, Iavarone A, Berger AH, Bivona TG, Lazar AJ, Hammer GD, Giordano T, Kwong LN, McArthur G, Huang C, Tward AD, Frederick MJ, McCormick F, Meyerson M, Van Allen EM, Cherniack AD, Ciriello G, Sander C, Schultz N. Oncogenic Signaling Pathways in The Cancer Genome Atlas. Cell. 2018 04 05; 173(2):321-337.e10.
    View on PubMed
  8. Emmerson E, May AJ, Berthoin L, Cruz-Pacheco N, Nathan S, Mattingly AJ, Chang JL, Ryan WR, Tward AD, Knox SM. Salivary glands regenerate after radiation injury through SOX2-mediated secretory cell replacement. EMBO Mol Med. 2018 03; 10(3).
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  9. Farmer DT, Nathan S, Finley JK, Shengyang Yu K, Emmerson E, Byrnes LE, Sneddon JB, McManus MT, Tward AD, Knox SM. Defining epithelial cell dynamics and lineage relationships in the developing lacrimal gland. Development. 2017 07 01; 144(13):2517-2528.
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  10. Camarda R, Zhou AY, Kohnz RA, Balakrishnan S, Mahieu C, Anderton B, Eyob H, Kajimura S, Tward A, Krings G, Nomura DK, Goga A. Inhibition of fatty acid oxidation as a therapy for MYC-overexpressing triple-negative breast cancer. Nat Med. 2016 04; 22(4):427-32.
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  11. Puram SV, Tward AD, Jung DH, Dilger AE, Herrmann BS, Duhaime AC, Barker FG, Lee DJ. Auditory brainstem implantation in a 16-month-old boy with cochlear hypoplasia. Otol Neurotol. 2015 Apr; 36(4):618-24.
    View on PubMed
  12. Li J, Chanrion M, Sawey E, Wang T, Chow E, Tward A, Su Y, Xue W, Lucito R, Zender L, Lowe SW, Bishop JM, Powers S. Reciprocal interaction of Wnt and RXR-a pathways in hepatocyte development and hepatocellular carcinoma. PLoS One. 2015; 10(3):e0118480.
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  13. Mroz EA, Tward AD, Tward AM, Hammon RJ, Ren Y, Rocco JW. Intra-tumor genetic heterogeneity and mortality in head and neck cancer: analysis of data from the Cancer Genome Atlas. PLoS Med. 2015 Feb; 12(2):e1001786.
    View on PubMed
  14. Comprehensive genomic characterization of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas. Nature. 2015 Jan 29; 517(7536):576-82.
    View on PubMed
  15. Parfenov M, Pedamallu CS, Gehlenborg N, Freeman SS, Danilova L, Bristow CA, Lee S, Hadjipanayis AG, Ivanova EV, Wilkerson MD, Protopopov A, Yang L, Seth S, Song X, Tang J, Ren X, Zhang J, Pantazi A, Santoso N, Xu AW, Mahadeshwar H, Wheeler DA, Haddad RI, Jung J, Ojesina AI, Issaeva N, Yarbrough WG, Hayes DN, Grandis JR, El-Naggar AK, Meyerson M, Park PJ, Chin L, Seidman JG, Hammerman PS, Kucherlapati R. Characterization of HPV and host genome interactions in primary head and neck cancers. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Oct 28; 111(43):15544-9.
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  16. Mroz EA, Tward AD, Pickering CR, Myers JN, Ferris RL, Rocco JW. High intratumor genetic heterogeneity is related to worse outcome in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Cancer. 2013 Aug 15; 119(16):3034-42.
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  17. Stransky N, Egloff AM, Tward AD, Kostic AD, Cibulskis K, Sivachenko A, Kryukov GV, Lawrence MS, Sougnez C, McKenna A, Shefler E, Ramos AH, Stojanov P, Carter SL, Voet D, Cortés ML, Auclair D, Berger MF, Saksena G, Guiducci C, Onofrio RC, Parkin M, Romkes M, Weissfeld JL, Seethala RR, Wang L, Rangel-Escareño C, Fernandez-Lopez JC, Hidalgo-Miranda A, Melendez-Zajgla J, Winckler W, Ardlie K, Gabriel SB, Meyerson M, Lander ES, Getz G, Golub TR, Garraway LA, Grandis JR. The mutational landscape of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Science. 2011 Aug 26; 333(6046):1157-60.
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  18. Lee SA, Ho C, Roy R, Kosinski C, Patil MA, Tward AD, Fridlyand J, Chen X. Integration of genomic analysis and in vivo transfection to identify sprouty 2 as a candidate tumor suppressor in liver cancer. Hepatology. 2008 Apr; 47(4):1200-10.
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  19. Tward AD, Jones KD, Yant S, Cheung ST, Fan ST, Chen X, Kay MA, Wang R, Bishop JM. Distinct pathways of genomic progression to benign and malignant tumors of the liver. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Sep 11; 104(37):14771-6.
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  20. Goga A, Yang D, Tward AD, Morgan DO, Bishop JM. Inhibition of CDK1 as a potential therapy for tumors over-expressing MYC. Nat Med. 2007 Jul; 13(7):820-7.
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